Article

High-Dose Aspirin Consumption Contributes to Decreased Risk for Pancreatic Cancer in a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

†Department of General Surgery, Linyi People's Hospital, Lin Yi City, Shan Dong Province
Pancreas (Impact Factor: 2.96). 11/2013; 43(1). DOI: 10.1097/MPA.0b013e3182a8d41f
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to analyze the association between aspirin intake and its effect for chemoprevention of pancreatic cancer incidence by using a meta-analysis method.
The databases of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Wangfang (Chinese database) were retrieved to identify eligible studies. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using a random-effects model.
A total of 10 studies (4 case-control studies, 5 prospective cohort studies, and 1 randomized controlled trial) with 7,252 cases of pancreatic cancer and more than 120,0000 healthy control subjects were enrolled in the studies. Pooled analyses showed that high-dose aspirin intake was marginally associated with decreased risk for pancreatic cancer for overall analysis (OR, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.76-1.01) as well as for both cohort and case-control studies (OR, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.54-1.16, for the cohort studies; OR, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.62-1.02, for the case-control studies), without between-study heterogeneity. Stratified analysis for Americans showed a similar result (OR, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.65-1.02). In contrast, our study inferred that low-dose aspirin intake was not associated with risk for pancreatic cancer for the total and subgroup analyses.
In summary, our study indicated that high-dose aspirin, rather than low-dose aspirin, might be associated with decreased risk for pancreatic cancer, especially for Americans.

1 Follower
 · 
33 Reads
  • Source

    Preview · Article · Jan 2014 · The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal cancers worldwide. No effective screening methods exist, and available treatment modalities do not effectively treat the disease. Inflammatory conditions such as pancreatitis represent a well-known risk factor for pancreatic cancer development. Yet only in the past 2 decades has pancreatic cancer been recognized as an inflammation-driven cancer, and the precise mechanisms underlying the pathogenic role of inflammation are beginning to be explored in detail. A substantial amount of preclinical and clinical evidence suggests that bacteria are likely to influence this process by activating immune receptors and perpetuating cancer-associated inflammation. The recent explosion of investigations of the human microbiome have highlighted how perturbations of commensal bacterial populations can promote inflammation and promote disease processes, including carcinogenesis. The elucidation of the interplay between inflammation and microbiome in the context of pancreatic carcinogenesis will provide novel targets for intervention to prevent and treat pancreatic cancer more efficiently. Further studies toward this direction are urgently needed.
    Full-text · Article · May 2014 · The Cancer Journal
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aetiology of pancreatic cancer (PC) has been extensively studied and is the subject of numerous meta-analyses and pooled analyses. We have summarized results from these pooled and meta-analytical studies to estimate the fraction of PCs attributable to each of the identified risk factors. Using a comprehensive strategy, we retrieved 117 meta-analytical or pooled reports dealing with the association between specific risk factors and PC risk. We combined estimates of relative risk and estimates of exposure to calculate the fraction of PCs caused or prevented by a particular exposure. Tobacco smoking ('strong' evidence) and Helicobacter pylori infection ('moderate' evidence) are the major risk factors associated with PC, with respective estimated population attributable fractions of 11-32% and 4-25%. The major protective factors are history of allergy ('strong' evidence) and increasing fruit or folate intake ('moderate' evidence), with respective population preventable fractions of 3-7% and 0-12%. We summarized results of 117 meta-analytical or pooled data reports dealing with 37 aetiological exposures, to obtain robust information about the suspected causes of PC. By combining these estimates with their prevalences in the population, we calculated population attributable or population preventable fractions. About two-thirds of the major risk factors associated with PC are potentially modifiable, affording a unique opportunity for preventing one of our deadliest cancers. © The Author 2014; all rights reserved. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Epidemiological Association.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · International Journal of Epidemiology
Show more