The earliest human occupations in Bolivia: A review of the archaeological evidence

Quaternary International (Impact Factor: 2.06). 07/2013; 301:46-59. DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2012.06.012


This paper reviews archaeological research of Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene sites in Bolivia. Given that few projects have explicitly dealt with issues related to early human peopling of the country, an attempt is made to provide a comprehensive overview of known available data, focusing on radiocarbon dated sites. Recent research in different regions of the country is not only improving understanding of the variability of early human settlements, but also providing new perspectives in relation to human adaptation and climate change. Furthermore, ongoing research in Iroco and Cueva Bautista, in the highland region of the country, shows that human colonization of high-altitude ecosystems (>3800 m asl) occurred, at least, by 13,000 cal BP.

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Available from: José M. Capriles, Jan 30, 2014
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    • "This visibility issue is compounded by later Holocene fluvial processes which have buried large expanses of the lowlands [22]. The noted absence of any documented Archaic sites in the Bolivian lowlands [12] may, therefore, be a consequence of poor visibility and the absence of adequate archaeological correlates for identifying hunter-gatherer open-air sites in a landscape completely devoid of lithic resources and other non-perishable materials. "
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