Digital Documentation of Palaeolithic Excavations: a Case Study

Chapter · January 2010with71 Reads

In book: New Aspects of the Central and Eastern European Upper Palaeolithic – methods, chronology, technology and subsistence, Chapter: Digital Documentation of Palaeolithic Excavations: a Case Study, Publisher: Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Editors: Neugebauer-Maresch C, Owen L, pp.311-318
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  • Full-text · Article · Jan 1987
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Archaeologists strive to document the process of excavation and discovery as completely as possible. Over the past several decades archaeologists have incorporated a growing number of computerized techniques for documenting archaeological finds. Scanning is one such technique. There are a number of technologies that now allow archaeologists to scan structures, excavation surfaces and in situ artifacts to create high-resolution, 3D data sets. We report here on a trial application of one of these, a structured-light scanner, to create 3D representations of excavated surfaces and associated artifacts at two Middle Paleolithic sites in southwest France. In each instance, surfaces of approximately 2.5 m2 were scanned in approximately 1 day. The resulting data sets are very good representations of the originals in terms of colors and spatial details, and as such provided an important piece of archaeological documentation. To use this equipment successfully in the field, however, required solving a number of logistical issues, and the amount of time required to learn to use this equipment was significant. Once these issues are addressed, this technology is appropriate for documenting extraordinary, unique finds where time and costs are offset by the importance of good documentation.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2009