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International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 8887)
Volume 53 No.17, September 2012
17
Determination of Mobile Phone Tracking using
Various Softwares
Shaveta Bhatia
Assistant Professor
Manav Rachna International
University, Faridabad
Saba Hilal, PhD.
Professor
School of Computer Sciences
Lingayas University,Faridabad
ABSTRACT
One of the important features of Communication System is to
find the Location of a Person. Finding the location of Person
is either through Internet or through Mobile Devices. Most of
the valuable location-based services are enabled by this
feature of Location Tracking. There are various Location
technologies which can be used and implemented by
telecommunication managers and engineers. The technologies
are GPS, GPRS, and WiFi with android operating Systems.
Location can also be searched without GPS through Internet.
The paper briefly discussed GSM network and cellular data
networks from point of view of IP Clients, used for finding
location of mobile phone. Further, a paper determined the
location through IPaddress, through mobile Number, through
SMS, through facebook and also through google latitude.
Finally the study compares the result that leads to conclusions
and key issues for further research.
Keywords
SMSTracker, GPS, Google Latitude, GSM, Facebook.
1. INTRODUCTION
In today’s environment, a mobile has become one of the
important necessities. If a person wants to search his family
member or a child or if a person who loses his mobile wants
to track it, or a Person wants to know who is disturbing him
by giving missed calls or irrelevant SMS, a person becomes
handicapped if he is unable to get in touch with the contacts.
With the help of GSM technology, it is possible to trace and
find the Location of person with the help of 2G and 3G
mobile phones which the other person is using. There are
many applications on the internet through which one can
detect the location of user. These applications include
survillence, detection of fraud, help in business marketing etc.
There are two types of addresses that are assigned to user i.e.
public IP addresses and private IP addresses for data
distribution and performance tuning of a System [5]. One can
also find the Location of user through IP address for
immediate or any specific service. A few data services such as
Maxmind [4] are provide that maintains the tables including
IP addresses with the locations that matches. The important
requirement of general user is to get the Location of his family
member. This can be done through sending and receiving
SMS.The Paper describes the general architecture of GSM
and an IP cellular Network to determine the location of user.
In further Sections, a paper will determine various methods of
Location Tracking and compare their results.
2. RELATED WORK
The authors in [1] proposed and implemented an intelligent
train tracking and management system to improve the existing
railway transport service. The provided System is a
combination of mobile computing, Global System for Mobile
Communication (GSM), Global Positioning System (GPS),
Geographical Information System (GIS) technologies and
software. The location of Train with Maximum accuracy is
done through inbuilt GPS System and this result is send to the
Central System through GSM .The information about the train
location helps the train Controller to take right decisions
regarding the further proceeding of Train. The data is
processed and provided through maps. Location information
through this system helps to facilitate accurate scheduling
with regard to train arrival and departure on each station.
The Researchers in [2] proposed and developed a system
where the complaints of the drivers on the roads are easily
accessible .The system is implemented with the help of
GSM.This System is convenient channel for drivers to send
complaints regarding public infrastructure so that better
services are provided to the public. The implementation of
procedure for road maintenance is done with the combination
of GPS and GSM technologies.
The authors in [11] proposed and implemented NNSS
algorithm which is based on recording and processing real
time signal strength information available at multiple base
stations positioned to provide overlapping coverage in the
area of interest. This algorithm provides calculates the
accuracy of user location. With the help of signal strength
gathered by various users coordinates. this algorithm is
successful for outdoors not for indoors.
A Researcher in [12] discussed the implementation of simple
and cost effective system that help users to track College
friends and colleagues within campus environment. This
system locates the college friends using Bluetooth and WIFI
connectivity on mobile phones. A mobile phone is loaded
with software that communicates with the Server. This work
is implemented through GSM. The server gives the current
location of moving users.
The authors in [13] proposed an integrated GPS-GSM system
used to Track vehicles using Google Earth Application. The
main goal of the system is Automobile Trajectory used to
assist corporations with large number of automobiles and
several usage purposes. To provide location and time
information in a system, Global positioning system is used as
space based global navigation satellite system [7]. The
performance of this integrated system is calculated with the
help of map matching techniques used for automobiles
localization. The system shows proper travel routes from the
beginning of Journey.
3. GLOBAL SYSTEM FOR MOBILE
COMMUNICATION
Kuboye[16] defined Global system for mobile
communications (GSM) as a digital cellular network which
handles more users than the analog cellular network. This
communication help mobile operators to get the details of
International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 8887)
Volume 53 No.17, September 2012
18
mobile user when he or she moved into the roaming area i.e
goes out of coverage area of tower. The data transmission
speed of GSM is 40 Kbps.The various data services like
bhartiya mobiles and Mobiletrace, all uses the GSM to locate
the mobile User. Peter Rysavy research [17] said “The wide
acceptance of GSM is due to its features such as quality,
capacity, covience, reduction in traffic and roaming. Figure 1
describes the architecture of GSM with the functioning of
various components.
Fig 1: Architecture of Global System for Mobile Communication
3.1 Base Station Subsystem
The base station subsystem (BSS) is defined as “the section of
a traditional cellular telephone network which is responsible
for handling traffic and signaling between mobile phone and
network switching subsystem [3]”. BSS consist of two parts:
Base Transceiver station (BTS) and Base Station controller
(BSC) where BTS is a Tower that communicates with all
mobile stations comes in its range.BSC controls all BTS in the
network.
3.2 Network switching Subsystem (NSS)
The System is responsible for enabling and disabling
connections between various mobile phones.it also provides
authentication to various mobile users.It maintains the
database of all enabled mobile users .The database includes
Home Location register that stores the information of local
users, Visitor Location register that stores information of
roaming users, Authentication register, stores information of
authentications provided to various users and equipment
identity register that stores information of International
Mobile equipment.. There is Mobile Switching Center in the
architecture which is heart of network and responsible for
overall communication.
3.3 OSS(Operation and Support System)
This is a Center and basic unit from where Network operators
monitor and control the overall system.
The Locations of User on different Mobiles at different places
are plotted on a map and hence Client can be traced out more
easily. For more accurate results, the device is enabled with
assisted GPS. The next section gives the results of Location of
mobile users using different Softwares.
4. VARIOUS SOFTWARES FOR
LOCATION TRACKING WITH TEST
CASES
This Section shows and compare the results of Location
Tracking through various softwares.Some of them only
provides the Subscriber Identity or the Location from where
phone is subsribed.Others gives real Location of users in
particular city and area. Some Locations are also shown
through facebook according to the online entered contact
place. There are six subsections which shows the result.
4.1 Location Tracking through IP Address
The various IPAddresses are tested to get the Location
through GeoIPLocation Service [8].Some of the test cases
with results are shown below:-
International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 8887)
Volume 53 No.17, September 2012
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Testcase1:IPAddress:116.202.92.248
Fig 2: The Location including Longitude, Latitude, name
of ISP service provider and city for given IP address. The
Location is also shown using Google maps [18].
Test Case 2: IP Address: 115.245.255.217
Fig 3: The Location including Longitude, Latitude, name
of ISP service provider and city for given IP address. The
Location is also shown using Google maps [18]
Test case 3: IP Address: 135.123.145.118
Fig 4: The Location including Longitude, Latitude, name
of ISP service provider and city for given IP address. The
Location is also shown using Google maps [18].
Test Case 4: IP Address: 42.110.237.181
Fig 5: The Location including Longitude, Latitude, name
of ISP service provider and city for given IP address. The
Location is also shown using Google maps [18]
International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 8887)
Volume 53 No.17, September 2012
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4.1.1 Limitations
According to the results of Fig 2-5, it is observed that, the
above Software does not provide the real time Location of a
person. For example, if in the Morning, a person is in Delhi
and in the evening, the same person is in Faridabad. This
change over is not shown through this Service. Therefore,
other software is tested to get the Location through Mobile
Number. The Results are shown is Section 4.2.
4.2 Location Tracking through Mobile
Number
The various Mobile numbers are tested to get the Location
through Mobile number Tracker [9] using Google Maps [18].
Some of the test cases with results are shown below:-
Test case 1: Mobile No.: 7428299988
Fig 6: showing Operator’s name, Network CDMA and
Location as Delhi. Location is also shown on using Google
maps [18].
Test case 2: Mobile No.: 9810144169
Fig 7: showing Operator’s name, Network GSM and cities.
Locations are also shown on using Google maps [18].
4.2.1 Limitations
As per results seen in Fig 6-7, it is observed that, the above
Software does not provide the real time Location of User. It
only shows the Operator, the network and the Location from
where the Mobile is subscribed. For example, in fig 7, the
location of mobile no. 9810144169 is checked, It shows the
Location as a broad area of NCR i.e. Faridabad, Noida,
Gurgaon which is not useful. One can’t trace a person. Also, if
someone mobile is subscribed in Faridabad and now he is in
Punjab. This software does not show his Location of Punjab.
It only shows faridabad.Therefore, next software is tested to
get Location through Facebook.The results are shown in
Section 4.3.
4.3 Location Tracking through Facebook
The Locations of some friends are tested through Facebook
[10] to get the location. Two Test cases with the Location of
two Friends are shown below.
Test case 1: Friend1 in Scuba and Atuba
Fig 8: The two Locations of Friend 1 is Cities Atuba and
Scuba in New York is shown using Google Maps[18].
Test case 2: Friend2 in Punchkula
Fig 9: A Location of Friend 2 is City punchkula is
shown using Google maps [18].
4.3.1 Limitations
From fig 8-9, it is observed that the Locations of Friends are
provided, but according to the address they had given in their
profile. It does not provide the current Location of Friends.
For example as in Fig 9, the two Locations of friend 1 are
shown as he had entered two addresses in his profile. But real
location is not shown.
The Summary of achieved Results:-
The results of above Softwares gives the Location of
Stationary User, it is also observed that the current location of
friend is not detected. Therefore in section 5, other softwares
are tested to get the current location of moving person through
SMS.
International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 8887)
Volume 53 No.17, September 2012
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4.4 Location Tracking through SMS
This application runs after installed mobile phone for
Location detection of moving user.
4.4.1 How it Works
The SMS Tracker [19] is an application runs on Person
Mobile phone to detect the location. The Location is detected
after installing an application on Idea Alcatel one touch 918N
Mobile with Android 2.3 operating system. When a person
sends or receives messages to and from one another, The
location and SMS details of sender and receiver are stored in
MySql database of Server through SMS gateway. The Server
processed the data and the results are displayed on website
and person mobile phone. The architecture of this software is
shown in Figure 10.Figure 11 shows the details of incoming
and outgoing messages of Mobile users with date and time
and an option to check the location of sender and receiver.
Fig 10: Architeture of SMS Tracker with location
The details of Location of a person are determined by
sending SMS to each other. The Location is displayed on Person’s Mobile on which the Software is loaded as well
as projected on the Web Server.
Fig 11: Results of incoming and out going messages including date, time and an option to see location [19]
International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 8887)
Volume 53 No.17, September 2012
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After clicking on the view map option of above results, the
Location is detected including Latitude, Latitude, timestamp
and a Google Map[18] showing current Location of sender
and receiver. The details of few of them are shown in Figures
12-17.
Test case1: Mobile No.: 9818856542
The results of this mobile no. are shown in Fig 12 & Fig 13
.
Fig 12: Details of Mobile no. 9818856542 with Longitude,
Latitude and accuracy limits.
Fig 13: User with Mobile no. 9818856542 is present in
Sector 21D is shown using Google maps [18].
Test case 2: Mobile No.: 9999378844
The results of this mobile no. is shown in Fig 14 & Fig 15
Fig 14: Details of Mobile no. 9999378844 with Longitude,
Latitude and accuracy limits.
Fig 15: User with Mobile no. 9999378844 is present in
Sector 32 is shown using Google Maps [18].
Test case 3: Mobile No.: 8800182889
The results of this mobile no. is shown in Fig 16 & Fig 17
Fig 16: Details of Mobile no. 8800182889 with
Longitude, Latitude and accuracy limits.
Fig 17: User with Mobile no. 8800182889 is present in
Sector 21C is shown using Google Maps [18].
International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 8887)
Volume 53 No.17, September 2012
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4.4.2 Limitations
As per the above results, this software provides a real time
location of a mobile user. For example, if in morning a person
is in Delhi and in evening, he is in Faridabad. The map shows
the changeover from Delhi to Faridabad. But it has a
limitation that it cannot display the nearby precise location for
example, if a person lives a society of Sector 21C, it shows
Sector 21C but does not show that Society.
4.5 Location Tracking through Google
Latitude
Google latitude [6] is defined as a “Location aware mobile
application developed by Google as a successor to its earlier
SMS based service Dodge ball”. This Software is tested with
various Mobile users for Location detection. The Software is
loaded on Idea Alcatel one touch 918N, version 6573.The
software works with android 2.3 operating system loaded on
mobile. This Software also gives the output of some queries
like “show me the area where I am on the map”, “show me the
area where is my friend at this time. Google use their own
Location databases for Localization [15]. In order to get the
Location of user, Location Manager must be acquired from
the system. Then a new Location Listener [14] object is
assigned for each Mobile User. After that with request-
Location updates the device begins to locate the position.The
Code to get the Location of user is shown below.
Fig 18: Location Listener and Location Provider in
Android Operating system [14]
The Software is tested with various users having Idea Alcatel
one touch 918N Mobile. Few of them are shown. Here testing
is shown with three persons i.e. Person A, B and C. Figure 19
shows Person A in Sector 45, Person B in sector 21C, and
Person C in Sector 19, at their home Locations in morning.
Figure 20, shows three of them in university in afternoon, it
shows three of them in Sector 43 as university is Located in
Sector 43.These results are summarized in Table 1.
Fig 19: Real time location of a Person A, B and C at
their home places with Google Latitude [6] using Idea
Alcatel one touch 918N Mobile.
Fig 20: Real time location of Person A, B and C at
same university in Sector 43 with Google Latitude [6]
using Idea Alcatel one touch 918N Mobile.
From fig 19 & 20, the results are described in table 1.
Day 1(in
(morning at
home places)
Day 1 in
(afternoon
in university)
Sector 45
Sector 43
Sector 21C
Sector 43
Sector 19
Sector 43
Table 1: Result of Person A, Person B and person C
on day1 in morning and afternoon.
International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 8887)
Volume 53 No.17, September 2012
24
4.5.1 Limitations
As the results seen from above figures, the Location tracked is
correct but there is a constraint, for example Fig 20 shows
three of persons in same region, which is correct. Three of
them are in University and in different departments. But the
Figures does not show the locations of three in different
departments, Figures only shows three of them in same
University.
5. CONCLUSION
In this paper, the results of Stationary User using Softwares
like Mobiletracker, IPAddress Locator and Facebook are
shown with various test cases. The paper also shows the
location of moving User with Softwares like SMS Tracking
and Google latitude with test cases. This work is done as a
part of designing an algorithm for Location detection in more
precise way.
6. REFERENCES
[1] Dileepa Jayakody,”GPS/GSM based Train Tracking
system-utilizing mobile support public
transportation”journal of computing, march 2011,
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[2] Kee NeeGoh et al,”Architecture of GPS based Road
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[3] Wikipedia,”Base Station Subsystem available at,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Base_station_subsystem,retr
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[4] Maxmind,”Geolocation and online fraud
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[5] Sipat Trukese et al,”Geolocating IP addresses in Cellular
data networks”, PAM’2012 proceedings of 13th
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[6] Wikipedia,”Google latitude available at,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/google_latitude,retrieved on
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[7] Wikipedia,”Global positioning System” available at,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_positioning_system,r
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[12] F.Aloul et al,”Using Mobiles for On Campus Location
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[15] Denis Huber,” Background Positioning for Mobile
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[16] Kuboye et al,”Optimization Models for minimizing
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[17] Peter Rysavy,”Data capabilities for GSM evolution to
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[18] Google,” Web mapping”, http://maps.google.com,
retrieved on 15 July, 2012.
[19] Gizmoquip,”SMS Tracker”, available at
http://www.gizmoquip.com/smslog/,retreived on 15 July
2012.
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Tracing Location of Mobile
  • Mobile Tracker
Mobile Tracker,"Tracing Location of Mobile" available at http://mobilenumbertracker.co.in/" retrieved on 4 July, 2012.
Map to display location of friends
  • Facebook
Facebook,"Map to display location of friends" available at http://Facebook.com retrieved on 10 July, 2012.
Code for obtaining user location
  • Android Guide
Android Guide," Code for obtaining user location", http://developer.android.com/guide/topics/location/obtain ing-user-location.html,retrieved on July 2012.
Data capabilities for GSM evolution to UMTS
  • Peter Rysavy
Peter Rysavy,"Data capabilities for GSM evolution to UMTS", White Paper, November 19, 2002.