This retrospective study aims to analyze and explore the clinical characteristics, risk factors, and in-hospital outcomes - including return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and survival to discharge - of hospitalized patients admitted with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) suffering cardiac arrest.
ACS patients admitted to three tertiary hospitals in Fujian, China, were evaluated ... [Show full abstract] retrospectively from January 1, 2012 to December 30, 2016. Data were collected, based on the Utstein Style, for all cases of attempted resuscitation for IHCA. We analyzed patient characteristics, pre-event variables, event variables, and the main outcomes, including ROSC and survival to discharge, and identified the influencing factors on the outcomes.
The total number of ACS admissions across the three hospitals during this study period was 21,337. Among these admissions, 320 ACS patients experienced IHCA (incidence: 1.50%); 134 (41.9%) patients experienced ROSC; and 68 (21.2%) survived to discharge. The findings indicated that four factors were associated with ROSC, including age <70 years-old, shockable rhythm, duration of resuscitation (≤15 min and 16-30 min), and PCI. Five factors were associated with survival to discharge, including age <70 years-old, shockable rhythm, the duration of resuscitation (≤15 min and 16-30 min), Killip ≤ II, and CCI ≤ 2.
Younger age, shockable rhythm, and shorter duration of resuscitation were all factors demonstrated to be a predictor of ROSC and survival to hospital discharge.