Efficacy of Holmium Laser Enucleation of the Prostate in Patients With Non-neurogenic Impaired Bladder Contractility: Results of a Prospective Trial

ArticleinUrology 83(2) · November 2013with47 Reads
DOI: 10.1016/j.urology.2013.09.035 · Source: PubMed
To examine the outcomes of men with detrusor underactivity or acontractility undergoing holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP). A prospective case series between 2009 and 2012 was performed to examine short-term outcomes of men with urodynamic evidence of detrusor hypocontractility or acontractility because of a non-neurogenic etiology and concurrent benign prostatic obstruction (BPO), undergoing HoLEP. Fourteen patients with detrusor hypocontractility and 19 patients with acontractility and evidence of BPO underwent HoLEP during the study period. Median age was 71.5 and 75 years, respectively. Preoperatively, 5 (35.7%) men with hypocontractility and 19 (100%) men with acontractility had catheter-dependent urinary retention for a median of 3 and 9 months, respectively. At a median follow-up of 24.7 months, all 5 (100%) men with hypocontractility and 18 of 19 (94.7%) men with acontractility were voiding spontaneously without the need for intermittent catheterization. Individuals with hypocontratile bladders had statistically significant improvements in American Urological Association Symptom Index (21.5 vs 3; P = .014), maximum urine flow (Qmax, 10 vs 21 mL/s; P = .001), and postvoid residual (250 vs 53 mL; P = .007) from baseline to postoperative assessments. In patients with an acontractile bladder, 15 of 19 (78.9%) displayed significant return of detrusor contractility, whereas 4 of 19 (21.1%) were voiding exclusively by Valsalva effort on follow-up urodynamic study. Postoperatively, patient satisfaction, as ascertained by American Urological Association Symptom Index, was high for both groups. Intermediate follow-up results indicate that HoLEP is a viable management option for men with BPO and detrusor hypocontractility. Furthermore, detrusor acontractility does not appear to adversely affect postoperative results, with return of spontaneous urination and demonstration of detrusor contractility allowing for efficient voiding, in over 95% of patients.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Detrusor underactivity (DU) is frequently encountered in elderly patients with chronic medical or neurological diseases. DU causes chronic urinary retention or large postvoid residual urine that is usually difficult to manage. The pathophysiology of DU may involve neurogenic, myogenic, and bladder outlet pathologies. Recent studies also reveal that urothelial dysfunction of the urinary bladder may be associated with impaired bladder sensation as well as impaired detrusor contractility. This article reviews recent research on the prevalence, pathophysiology, and clinical management of DU. Comprehensive clinical investigations and basic research may provide a better understanding and effective treatment for this common but difficult bladder disorder.
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  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose of review: This article discusses enucleation and vaporization procedures which have been developed on the surgical techniques of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) and photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) by reviewing the most recent publications. Recent findings: Enucleation procedures have been described using holmium, thulium, diode or GreenLight lasers in addition to bipolar energy sources. Most of the current literature for these enucleation procedures consists of initial descriptions of the surgical techniques or prospective series from single centres, although the availability of prospective randomized trial for these procedures other than HoLEP is limited. PVP have been described using 80-W, 120-W, or 180-W GreenLight lasers. To date, only sparse literature is available for thulium or bipolar vaporization of the prostate. Summary: A variety of alternative vaporization and enucleation procedures are available for transurethral treatment of benign prostatic obstruction. Only very few PRT have been published for these procedures limiting their evidence for the treatment of benign prostatic obstruction. To date, best evidence is still available for the HoLEP and PVP procedure.
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