DataPDF Available

Estado de Salud y Nutrición de los Adultos Mayores en la Delegación Álvaro Obregón

Authors:

Abstract and Figures

Este reporte resume las características de los adultos mayores encuestados en una muestra de grupos comunitarios en la Delegación Álvaro Obregón entre los meses de mayo y septiembre de 2013. Estos grupos se eligieron de un listado proporcionado por autoridades de la Delegación, así como por una búsqueda vía electrónica de clubs y grupos comunitarios. También se utilizó un muestreo de “bola de nieve”, es decir, grupos recomendados por los líderes de otros grupos comunitarios para contactar a otros grupos. El estudio incluye una muestra por conveniencia de adultos mayores de 65 años o más, residentes de la Delegación. Todos los participantes respondieron un cuestionario que incluía preguntas acerca de: • Características sociodemográficas • Seguridad alimentaria y riesgo de desnutrición • Funcionalidad, movilidad y equilibrio • Mediciones de depresión, hipertensión, diabetes y otras comorbilidades • Mediciones antropométricas: talla, peso, porcentaje de masa grasa, porcentaje de masa muscular, altura de la rodilla y circunferencias de brazo y pantorrilla. • Capital social y redes sociales • Participación en programas públicos • Acceso a servicios de salud • Características del ambiente donde viven.
No caption available
… 
Content may be subject to copyright.
A preview of the PDF is not available
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
Article
Full-text available
A short battery of physical performance tests was used to assess lower extremity function in more than 5,000 persons age 71 years and older in three communities. Balance, gait, strength, and endurance were evaluated by examining ability to stand with the feet together in the side-by-side, semi-tandem, and tandem positions, time to walk 8 feet, and time to rise from a chair and return to the seated position 5 times. A wide distribution of performance was observed for each test. Each test and a summary performance scale, created by summing categorical rankings of performance on each test, were strongly associated with self-report of disability. Both self-report items and performance tests were independent predictors of short-term mortality and nursing home admission in multivariate analyses. However, evidence is presented that the performance tests provide information not available from self-report items. Of particular importance is the finding that in those at the high end of the functional spectrum, who reported almost no disability, the performance test scores distinguished a gradient of risk for mortality and nursing home admission. Additionally, within subgroups with identical self-report profiles, there were systematic differences in physical performance related to age and sex. This study provides evidence that performance measures can validly characterize older persons across a broad spectrum of lower extremity function. Performance and self-report measures may complement each other in providing useful information about functional status.
Article
Although government policies over the last several decades have addressed issues of nutrition for the elderly, elders still face problems of undernutrition and food insecurity. This study assesses the level of food insecurity and identifies predictors among 192 residents 65 years and older in rural Appalachia. Participants were recruited using a site-based rapid recruitment technique, and data were collected using structured questionnaires in face-to-face interviews. Twenty-four percent report one or more food insecurity indicator. Health, social, and material barriers all predict food insecurity in bivariate analyses. In logistic regression, taking three or more prescription drugs, eating alone, and income less than 150% of poverty level are the strongest predictors of food insecurity. The high rate of food insecurity and its predictors are examined in terms of policies aimed to reduce nutrition problems for elders, the life course experiences of elders, the economic history of the area, and more general problems in getting sufficient food faced by older rural adults.
Índice de Desarrollo Social de las Unidades Territoriales del Distrito Federal Delegación
  • Df Evalua
Evalua DF. 2011. Índice de Desarrollo Social de las Unidades Territoriales del Distrito Federal Delegación, Colonia y Manzana. México DF: Consejo de Evaluación del Desarrollo Social del Distrito Federal