Article

Population-Based Incidence and Prevalence of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus The Michigan Lupus Epidemiology and Surveillance Program

University of Michigan, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Ann Arbor, MI.
Arthritis & Rheumatology (Impact Factor: 7.76). 02/2014; 66(2). DOI: 10.1002/art.38238
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Objective
To estimate the incidence and prevalence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in a sociodemographically diverse southeastern Michigan source population of 2.4 million people.

Methods
SLE cases fulfilling the American College of Rheumatology classification criteria (primary case definition) or meeting rheumatologist-judged SLE criteria (secondary definition) and residing in Wayne or Washtenaw Counties during 2002???2004 were included. Case finding was performed from 6 source types, including hospitals and private specialists. Age-standardized rates were computed, and capture???recapture was performed to estimate underascertainment of cases.

Results
The overall age-adjusted incidence and prevalence (ACR definition) per 100,000 persons were 5.5 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 5.0???6.1) and 72.8 (95% CI 70.8???74.8). Among females, the incidence was 9.3 per 100,000 persons and the prevalence was 128.7 per 100,000 persons. Only 7 cases were estimated to have been missed by capture???recapture, adjustment for which did not materially affect the rates. SLE prevalence was 2.3-fold higher in black persons than in white persons, and 10-fold higher in females than in males. Among incident cases, the mean ?? SD age at diagnosis was 39.3 ?? 16.6 years. Black SLE patients had a higher proportion of renal disease and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) (40.5% and 15.3%, respectively) as compared to white SLE patients (18.8% and 4.5%, respectively). Black patients with renal disease were diagnosed as having SLE at younger age than white patients with renal disease (mean ?? SD 34.4 ?? 14.9 years versus 41.9 ?? 21.3 years; P = 0.05).

Conclusion
SLE prevalence was higher than has been described in most other population-based studies and reached 1 in 537 among black female persons. There were substantial racial disparities in the burden of SLE, with black patients experiencing earlier age at diagnosis, >2-fold increases in SLE incidence and prevalence, and increased proportions of renal disease and progression to ESRD as compared to white patients.

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