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Kinesio taping for sports injuries



This section features a recent systematic review that is indexed on PEDro, the Physiotherapy Evidence Database ( PEDro is a free, web-based database of evidence relevant to physiotherapy.
This section features a recent systematic review that is indexed on
PEDro, the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (
PEDro is a free, web-based database of evidence relevant to
Kinesio taping for sports
Williams S, Whatman C, Hume PA, et al. Kinesio taping in treatment and prevention
of sports injuries. A meta-analysis of the evidence for its effectiveness. Sports Med
Kinesio tape is a proprietary product that purports to offer a
range of benets in the treatment and prevention of various
musculoskeletal conditions. Kinesio taping involves the applica-
tion of elastic adhesive tape to areas of pain or dysfunction.
Theorised mechanisms of action are diverse, including reduction
of pain through stimulation of sensory afferents
and increased
range of motion (ROM) due to enhanced local circulation.
Despite a recent increase in public prole due to use of kinesio
taping by athletes at major sporting events, the clinical benets
of the intervention remain unclear.
To review the evidence for the effectiveness of kinesio taping
for the prevention and treatment of sports injuries.
Biomedical and sports-related databases including MEDLINE,
Scopus, ScienceDirect and SPORTDiscus along with sports
medicine websites were searched for potentially eligible articles.
Only the search term: kinesio taping/tapewas used. Studies
were eligible for inclusion if they reported a musculoskeletal
outcome (eg, pain, ROM, strength or proprioception); com-
pared a kinesio tape condition with comparison condition and
had full-text published in English. Methodological quality was
assessed in the included studies based on three items: random-
isation, subject blinding and assessor blinding.
Any study that reported the application of kinesio tape as the
index intervention was eligible for inclusion. Comparator
groups included no treatment, placebo taping and sham treat-
ments. Description of the sham interventions is not provided in
the review.
Outcome measures extracted from the included studies were:
pain, ROM, strength, proprioception and muscle activity. The
authors extracted and reported only the results in the included
studies that showed a statistically signicant difference between
the kinesio taping and control groups.
Despite the title of the review, the authors do not report a
meta-analysis of the included studies. Individual comparisons
from the included studies (only statistically signicant results)
are evaluated using a metric designed to facilitate clinical
The authors determined thresholds for clinical beneton
each outcome based on existing literature. Where no previously
validated thresholds for an outcome measure existed, one-fth
of the baseline SD of the measure was used as the threshold. If
no baseline data were provided in the included studies, a thresh-
old for clinical benet was agreed on by the authors. The
authors then used these thresholds to infer the likelihood that
each effect was benecial, trivial or substantially harmful.
Ten controlled studies were included in the review, with sample
sizes ranging from 14 to 65. Only two randomised studies
blinded participants as well as assessors. Three of the ten studies
included patients with a musculoskeletal condition, two of
which were sports-related. Seven studies that recruited healthy
individuals were included on the basis that kinesio taping may
have a preventative action, however none of these studies pro-
vided a direct measure of injury prevention.
Kinesio taping was compared with sham treatment for pain
relief in one study (n=41), no clinically benecial results were
found. There were inconsistent results for ROM outcomes, with
small clinically benecial results seen in two studies, but trivial
results in two other studies. In one study of 21 healthy athletes,
there was a likely benecial intervention effect for propriocep-
tion regarding grip force sense error, but no positive impact on
ankle proprioception.
While intervention appeared to be benecial for a number of
outcomes relating to strength, there were also numerous trivial
ndings and the majority of results were non-signicant. These
studies were also conducted mostly in healthy populations.
Reported effects on muscle activity included a mix of substan-
tial, trivial, unclear and non-signicant ndings.
All the results and subsequent conclusions of the review are
based only on comparisons that showed a signicant difference
between treatment and comparison groups in the included
The review has several aws, the most serious of which is select-
ive reporting of outcomes. As only positive (signicant) results
are reported it is not possible to assess the entirety of the evi-
dence for effectiveness of kinesio taping.
In addition, while the authors report to have followed
the methodological guidelines of the Cochrane Collaboration
this does not appear to be the case. Recommended methods
of presenting between group comparisons (eg, mean differ-
ences), extraction of all relevant data, complete assessment of
risk of bias and adoption of the Grading of Recommendations
Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach
to describe quality of the evidence would make interpretation
more straightforward.
Kinesio taping does not appear to have a benecial effect on
pain when compared with sham treatment. Based mostly on
studies of healthy populations, there are inconsistent results for
other outcome measures such as ROM, strength, muscle activity
and proprioception. This systematic review has serious meth-
odological limitations that compromise the reliability of the con-
clusions. Clinicians should look to other sources of information
in determining whether or not to apply this intervention. At
present there appears to be little high quality evidence on which
to assess the effectiveness of kinesio taping, it is hoped that
future research will clarify the situation.
1128 Kamper SJ, et al.Br J Sports Med November 2013 Vol 47 No 17
PEDro systematic review update
Steven J Kamper,
Nicholas Henschke
EMGO+ Institute, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Musculoskeletal Division, The George Institute for Global Health, Sydney,
New South Wales, Australia
Institute of Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
Correspondence to Dr Steven Kamper, The George Institute for Global Health,
University of Sydney PO Box M201, Missenden Rd, Camperdown, NSW 2050,
Contributors SJK and NH interpreted the systematic review, wrote and reviewed
drafts. Both authors accepted the nal version.
Competing interests None.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.
To cite Kamper SJ, Henschke N. Br J Sports Med 2013;47:11281129.
Accepted 3 September 2013
Br J Sports Med 2013;47:11281129. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2013-093027
1 Thelen MD, Dauber JA, Stoneman PD. The clinical efcacy of kinesio tape for
shoulder pain: a randomized, double blinded, clinical trial. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther
2 Yoshida A, Kahanov L. The effect of kinesio taping on lower trunk range of motions.
Res Sports Med 2007;15:10312.
3 Batterham AM, Hopkins WG. Making meaningful inferences about magnitudes. Int J
Sports Physiol Perform 2006;1:507.
Kamper SJ, et al.Br J Sports Med November 2013 Vol 47 No 17 1129
PEDro systematic review update
... Recently, KT has been applied in treating chronic knee pain as a novel nonoperative therapy [10]. Unfortunately, the positive outcome of KT in reducing chronic knee pain is still in dispute [10]. ...
... Recently, KT has been applied in treating chronic knee pain as a novel nonoperative therapy [10]. Unfortunately, the positive outcome of KT in reducing chronic knee pain is still in dispute [10]. Many studies [11,12] failed to prove the effectiveness of KT for chronic knee pain in clinical practice. ...
Full-text available
Objective: To demonstrate whether KT is better than placebo taping, nonelastic taping, or no taping in reducing pain. Methods: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Central Library, and were systematically searched up to 20 October 2020 for randomized controlled studies that used KT to treat chronic knee pain according to PRISMA guidelines. We extracted the mean differences and SD in pretreatment and posttreatment for selected outcomes measured in the experimental and control groups for subsequent meta-analyses. Results: In total, 8 studies involving 416 participants fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Our results indicated that KT is better than other tapings (placebo taping or nonelastic taping) in the early four weeks. The mean difference was -1.44 (95% CI: -2.04--0.84, I2 = 49%, P ≤ 0.01). Treatment methods which were performed for more than six weeks (0.16 (95% CI: -0.35-0.68, I2 = 0%, P=0.53)) show no significant difference in reducing pain. In studies in which visual analogue scale was measured, a positive effect was observed for KT combined with exercise program training (-3.27 (95% CI: -3.69-2.85, I2 = 0%, P < 0.05)). Conclusion: KT exhibited significant but temporary pain reduction.
... The introduction of the kinesio taping (KT, i.e the application of elastic and adhesive tape) is increasing in clinical practice due to its use by athletes at major sporting events (65,66). ...
... Theorised mechanisms of action are different, including reduction of pain through stimulation of sensory afferents, increased range of motion due to enhanced local circulation, increased proprioception, reduced amount of inflammatory substances and increased lymphatic drenage (67)(68)(69). However, even if the use of KT was found to be somehow useful in injury prevention in some sports (70,71), its clinical benefits remain unclear, and there is little quality evidence to support the use of KT over other types of elastic taping in the management or prevention of sports injuries (65,66). ...
Full-text available
Introduction: It is widely recognised that physically active lifestyle and sport participation have the potential to improve health. However, involvement in sports can increase the risk of sustaining an injury. Recently, a growing interest in the issue of sports injury prevention has been registered. Despite the variety of preventive intervention proposed, the translation of this evidence into real-word sport settings is still poor. Methods: Review of the available literature. Results: Pre-participation screening is used to identify conditions that might adversely affect sport participation and identify injury risk, need for pre-habilitation or rehabilitation, as well as establish baselines of athlete health, from an orthopedic /musculoskeletal and general medical perspective. Medical assessment must include respiratory disease, neurological and general health screening. Cardiac screening is aimed at identifying those athletes who may have underlying conditions that may lead to sudden cardiac arrest or death. Musculoskeletal screening includes a variety of tests and intervention aimed at the detection and correction of any potential problems with athlete’s musculoskeletal composition. Physical and fitness assessment is used to evaluate athletic qualities and to identify the strengths and weaknesses of an athlete. Kinesio taping and physcology can be used as adjuncts for sports injury prevention. Discussion: Injury prevention should be a primary goal for team-sport athletes of all ages and participation. Further researches are required to improve the translation of sports injury prevention protocols into the real-world sport settings.
... The taping method has been used to manage and treat symptoms of musculoskeletal injuries without side effects in hospitals, and it has recently been used as a treatment option to manage and prevent symptoms caused by LBP, shoulder joint injury, and various sports injuries [9]. Although there are various taping application methods, Kase's method using elastic taping is the most commonly used, and this method applies taping to the skin of the relevant muscle while the target muscle is stretched as much as possible [10]. ...
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of core stability exercise combined with Kinesio taping on pain, endurance, and balance in patients with lower back pain (LBP). 46 patients with LBP were recruited and randomly allocated into the core stability exercise with taping (CSET) group and the core stability exercise (CSE) group. All participants performed core stability exercises for 40 min/day, 5 times/week for 8 weeks, and additional Kinesio taping was applied to the lower backs in the CSET group. The primary outcome measure was the pain intensity using the visual analog scale, and secondary outcome measures were trunk endurance and balance using the Biering-Sorensen test and force plate, respectively. After the intervention, the CSET group showed significant improvements in pain and postural balance compared to the CSE group (p < 0.05). However, there was no significant difference in trunk endurance between two groups (p > 0.05). This study found that core stability exercise was effective in reducing pain and enhancing balance in patients with LBP, and demonstrated that the application of additional Kinesio taping further increased these effects. Therefore, we recommend that core exercise combined with Kinesio taping may be used to improve the pain and postural balance of patients with LBP in clinics.
... Several therapeutic interventions for neuromuscular stabilization of the shoulder and overhead activity training programmes aiming at re-education and reduction of the training volume have been proposed for the control and treatment of factors related to shoulder overuse in volleyball. Popular therapeutic interventions both for the prevention and rehabilitation of sports-related overuse injuries and for optimal warm-up include instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM), foam rolling, and joint stabilization techniques such as athletic elastic taping 6) . However, despite the extensive use of these techniques by sports therapists, their effectiveness has not yet been clarified due to conflicting research findings. ...
Full-text available
[Purpose] The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the effectiveness of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM), foam rolling, and athletic elastic taping on improving elite volleyball players’ shoulder range of motion (ROM) and throwing performance. [Participants and Methods] Fifteen elite male volleyball players (mean age: 24 ± 4.54 years; mean height: 177 ± 0.08 cm; mean weight: 81 ± 7.71 kg) received shoulder Ergon IASTM, foam rolling, and elastic taping treatment in random order on both upper extremities once a week for three weeks. Pre-and post-treatment assessments of their shoulders’ ROM and functional throwing performance were performed. [Results] Ergon IASTM technique resulted in significantly higher shoulder flexion ROM values than foam rolling and elastic taping. Foam rolling, in turn, showed better results than athletic elastic taping. Moreover, the Ergon IASTM technique resulted in significantly higher OSP values than athletic elastic taping. No significant differences were observed between the therapeutic interventions in terms of FTPI. [Conclusion] This pilot study on elite athletes provides evidence that both IASTM and foam rolling techniques may improve their passive shoulder ROM compared to elastic athletic taping while Ergon IASTM can also enhance their shoulder throwing performance.
... There is evidence to support the use of sports taping for the management of musculoskeletal complaints. [30][31][32] The increased likelihood of sports taping use by osteopaths who often use exercise prescription suggests they may be combining these modalities in patient care, however more exploration is needed. ...
Full-text available
Exercise is beneficial for improving general health, wellbeing and specific medical conditions. In musculoskeletal conditions such as chronic low back and neck pain, prescribed exercise has been found to be moderately effective in decreasing pain and improving function. Osteopaths are primary contact health professionals who manage predominantly musculoskeletal complaints. This work presents a secondary data analysis of the Australian osteopathy practice-based research network and profiles the characteristics of osteopaths who often use exercise prescription in patient care.
... Los resultados obtenidos en este estudio parecen indicar que el KT es una forma de efecto placebo en pacientes con dolor cervical de origen musculoesquelético, que se suma a la línea que seguían las últimas publicaciones (Kalron y Bar-Sela, 2013;Luz Júnior, Sousa, Neves, Cezar y Costa, 2015;Montalvo, Cara y Myner, 2014). La literatura actual descarta las dos principales teorías en las que se apoyaba el efecto del KT en los trastornos musculoesqueléticos, en favor de considerar el KT como un placebo (Kamper y Henschke, 2013;Lins, Neto, Amorim, Macedo y Brasileiro, 2013;Parreira, Costa, Takahashi et al., 2014). En los últimos años la fisioterapia ha estudiado el funcionamiento de los placebos en sus intervenciones (Bialosky et al., 2011(Bialosky et al., , 2017. ...
Full-text available
Se ha estudiado el efecto placebo en el dolor musculoesquelético cervical ampliamente. Se deriva del contexto de la intervención y es común a todas ellas. Las últimas investigaciones apuntan a que Kinesio Taping podría ser una forma de efecto placebo. A través del presente estudio se prende analizar si el Kinesio Taping es una forma de efecto placebo en sujetos con dolor musculoesquelético cervical. Se comparó el efecto del Kinesio Taping con el de un placebo. Tras analizar 30 sujetos, los resultados muestran que el efecto clínico del Kinesio Taping es similar al de un placebo. Las expectativas, el condicionamiento o la sugestión pueden estar muy relacionadas con el efecto clínico en los pacientes.
Osteoarthritis of the knee generally affects individuals from the fifth decade, the typical age of middle-age athletes. In the early stages, management is conservative and multidisciplinary. It is advisable to avoid sports with high risk of trauma, but it is important that patients continue to be physically active. Conservative management offers several options; however, it is unclear which ones are really useful. This narrative review briefly reports the conservative options for which there is no evidence of effectiveness, or there is only evidence of short-term effectiveness.
Full-text available
Background: The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of kinesiology tape (KT) on lower limb muscle activation during computerized dynamic posturography (CDP) tasks and ankle kinesthesia in individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI). Methods: Thirty-five men with CAI participated in this study. The experimental procedure followed a repeated measures design. Muscle activation of lower extremity and ankle kinesthesia of participants were measured using four taping treatments, namely, KT, athletic tape (AT), sham tape (ST), and no tape (NT) in a randomized order. Muscle activation was assessed using surface electromyography (sEMG) synchronized with CDP tests from seven lower extremity muscles of the unstable limb. Ankle kinesthesia was measured by using a threshold to detect the passive motion direction of the unstable ankle. Parameters were analyzed by using a one-way repeated measures ANOVA and followed by pairwise comparisons with a Bonferroni correction. Results: No significant difference was observed among different taping treatments for the majority of parameters during CDP. Except for condition 4 with open eyes, sway-referenced surface, and fixed surround in the sensory organization test (SOT), gastrocnemius medialis root mean square (RMS) was 28.19% lower in AT compared with NT (p = 0.021, 95% CI = 0.002–0.039), while gastrocnemius lateralis RMS was 20.25% lower in AT compared with KT (p = 0.038, 95% CI = 0.000–0.021). In forward�small sudden translation from motor control test (MCT), for peroneal longus (PL), RMS was 24.04% lower in KT compared with ST (p = 0.036, 95% CI = 0.000–0.018). In toes-down sudden rotation from adaption test (ADT), for PL, RMS was 23.41% lower in AT compared with ST (p = 0.015, 95% CI = 0.002–0.027). In addition, no significant difference was observed for a threshold to the detection of passive motion direction among different taping treatments. Conclusion: This study indicated that KT had minimal effect on the muscle activation of the unstable lower limb during static stance, self-initiated, and externally triggered perturbation tasks from CDP and ankle kinesthesia among individuals with CAI, suggesting that the benefit of KT was too small to be clinically worthwhile during application for CAI.
Background: Kinesio Taping (KT) is one of the conservative treatments proposed for rotator cuff disease. KT is an elastic, adhesive, latex-free taping made from cotton, without active pharmacological agents. Clinicians have adopted it in the rehabilitation treatment of painful conditions, however, there is no firm evidence on its benefits. Objectives: To determine the benefits and harms of KT in adults with rotator cuff disease. Search methods: We searched the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Embase, PEDro, CINAHL, and WHO ICRTP registry to July 27 2020, unrestricted by date and language. Selection criteria: We included randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials (RCTs) including adults with rotator cuff disease. Major outcomes were overall pain, function, pain on motion, active range of motion, global assessment of treatment success, quality of life, and adverse events. Data collection and analysis: We used standard methodologic procedures expected by Cochrane. Main results: We included 23 trials with 1054 participants. Nine studies (312 participants) assessed the effectiveness of KT versus sham therapy and fourteen studies (742 participants) assessed the effectiveness of KT versus conservative treatment. Most participants were aged between 18 and 50 years. Females comprised 52% of the sample. For the meta-analysis, we considered the last available measurement within 30 days from the end of the intervention. All trials were at risk of performance, selection, reporting, attrition, and other biases. Comparison with sham taping Due to very low-certainty evidence, we are uncertain whether KT improves overall pain, function, pain on motion and active range of motion compared with sham taping. Mean overall pain (0 to 10 scale, 0 no pain) was 2.96 points with sham taping and 3.03 points with KT (3 RCTs,106 participants), with an absolute difference of 0.7% worse, (95% CI 7.7% better to 9% worse) and a relative difference of 2% worse (95% CI 21% better to 24% worse) at four weeks. Mean function (0 to 100 scale, 0 better function) was 47.1 points with sham taping and 39.05 points with KT (6 RCTs, 214 participants), with an absolute improvement of 8% (95% CI 21% better to 5% worse)and a relative improvement of 15% (95% CI 40% better to 9% worse) at four weeks. Mean pain on motion (0 to 10 scale, 0 no pain) was 4.39 points with sham taping and 2.91 points with KT even though not clinically important (4 RCTs, 153 participants), with an absolute improvement of 14.8% (95% CI 22.5% better to 7.1% better) and a relative improvement of 30% (95% CI 45% better to 14% better) at four weeks. Mean active range of motion (shoulder abduction) without pain was 174.2 degrees with sham taping and 184.43 degrees with KT (2 RCTs, 68 participants), with an absolute improvement of 5.7% (95% CI 8.9% worse to 20.3% better) and a relative improvement of 6% (95% CI 10% worse to 22% better) at two weeks. No studies reported global assessment of treatment success. Quality of life was reported by one study but data were disaggregated in subscales. No reliable estimates for adverse events (4 studies; very low-certainty) could be provided due to the heterogeneous description of events in the sample. Comparison with conservative treatments Due to very low-certainty evidence, we are uncertain if KT improves overall pain, function, pain on motion and active range of motion compared with conservative treatments. However, KT may improve quality of life (low certainty of evidence). Mean overall pain (0 to 10 scale, 0 no pain) was 0.9 points with conservative treatment and 0.46 points with KT (5 RCTs, 266 participants), with an absolute improvement of 4.4% (95% CI 13% better to 4.6% worse) and a relative improvement of 15% (95% CI 46% better to 16% worse) at six weeks. Mean function (0 to 100 scale, 0 better function) was 46.6 points with conservative treatment and 33.47 points with KT (14 RCTs, 499 participants), with an absolute improvement of 13% (95% CI 24% better to 2% better) and a relative improvement of 18% (95% CI 32% better to 3% better) at four weeks. Mean pain on motion (0 to 10 scale, 0 no pain) was 4 points with conservative treatment and 3.94 points with KT (6 RCTs, 225 participants), with an absolute improvement of 0.6% (95% CI 7% better to 8% worse) and a relative improvement of 1% (95% CI 12% better to 10% worse) at four weeks. Mean active range of motion (shoulder abduction) without pain was 156.6 degrees with conservative treatment and 159.64 degrees with KT (3 RCTs, 143 participants), with an absolute improvement of 3% (95% CI 11% worse to 17 % better) and a relative improvement of 3% (95% CI 9% worse to 14% better) at six weeks. Mean of quality of life (0 to 100, 100 better quality of life) was 37.94 points with conservative treatment and 56.64 points with KT (1 RCTs, 30 participants), with an absolute improvement of 18.7% (95% CI 14.48% better to 22.92% better) and a relative improvement of 53% (95% CI 41% better to 65% better) at four weeks. No studies were found for global assessment of treatment success. No reliable estimates for adverse events (7 studies, very low certainty of evidence) could be provided due to the heterogeneous description of events in the whole sample. Authors' conclusions: Kinesio taping for rotator cuff disease has uncertain effects in terms of self-reported pain, function, pain on motion and active range of motion when compared to sham taping or other conservative treatments as the certainty of evidence was very low. Low-certainty evidence shows that kinesio taping may improve quality of life when compared to conservative treatment. We downgraded the evidence for indirectness due to differences among co-interventions, imprecision due to small number of participants across trials as well as selection bias, performance and detection bias. Evidence on adverse events was scarce and uncertain. Based upon the data in this review, the evidence for the efficacy of KT seems to demonstrate little or no benefit.
Objective: To assess the effects of elastic taping on pain, physical function, range of motion (ROM), muscle strength in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Design: We searched the PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Scopus, EMBASE, OVID, CNKI and WANFANG to identify relevant randomized controlled trials (RCT). The primary outcome measures were pain, physical function. The secondary outcome measures were ROM and muscle strength. Results: Eleven randomized controlled trials involving 490 patients with knee osteoarthritis were included. A statistically significant difference was detected in pain (SMD: -0.78, 95%CI: 1.07 to -0.50, p< 0.00001), physical function (SMD: 0.73, 95%CI: -1.03 to -0.43, p< 0.00001), ROM (MD: 2.04, 95%CI: 0.14 to 3.94, p=0.04) and quadriceps muscle strength (MD: 2.42, 95%CI: 1.09 to 3.74, p=0.0004). No significant differences were found for the hamstring muscle strength. Conclusion: Elastic taping has significant effects on pain, physical function, ROM and quadriceps muscle strength in patients with knee osteoarthritis. The currently evidence is insufficient to draw conclusions on the effects of elastic taping combined with other physiotherapy for KOA. Further studies are needed to investigate the long-term effects of elastic taping combined with other physiotherapy compared to elastic taping alone for KOA.
Full-text available
A study of a sample provides only an estimate of the true (population) value of an outcome statistic. A report of the study therefore usually includes an inference about the true value. Traditionally, a researcher makes an inference by declaring the value of the statistic statistically significant or nonsignificant on the basis of a P value derived from a null-hypothesis test. This approach is confusing and can be misleading, depending on the magnitude of the statistic, error of measurement, and sample size. The authors use a more intuitive and practical approach based directly on uncertainty in the true value of the statistic. First they express the uncertainty as confidence limits, which define the likely range of the true value. They then deal with the real-world relevance of this uncertainty by taking into account values of the statistic that are substantial in some positive and negative sense, such as beneficial or harmful. If the likely range overlaps substantially positive and negative values, they infer that the outcome is unclear; otherwise, they infer that the true value has the magnitude of the observed value: substantially positive, trivial, or substantially negative. They refine this crude inference by stating qualitatively the likelihood that the true value will have the observed magnitude (eg, very likely beneficial). Quantitative or qualitative probabilities that the true value has the other 2 magnitudes or more finely graded magnitudes (such as trivial, small, moderate, and large) can also be estimated to guide a decision about the utility of the outcome.
The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of kinesio taping (KT) on trunk flexion, extension, and lateral flexion. Thirty healthy subjects with no history of lower trunk or back issues participated in the study. Subjects performed two experimental measurements of range of motion (with and without the application of KT) in trunk flexion, extension, and right lateral flexion. A dependent t test was used to compare the range of motion measurements before and after the application of KT. Through evaluation of the sum of all scores, KT in flexion produced a gain of 17.8 cm compared with the non-kinesiotape group (t(29)=2.51, p<0.05). No significant difference was identified for extension (-2.9 cm; t(29)=-0.55, p>0.05) or lateral flexion (3 cm; t(29)=-1.25, p>0.05). Based on the findings, we determined that KT applied over the lower trunk may increase active lower trunk flexion range of motion. Further investigation on the effects of KT is warranted.
Prospective, randomized, double-blinded, clinical trial using a repeated-measures design. To determine the short-term clinical efficacy of Kinesio Tape (KT) when applied to college students with shoulder pain, as compared to a sham tape application. Tape is commonly used as an adjunct for treatment and prevention of musculoskeletal injuries. A majority of tape applications that are reported in the literature involve nonstretch tape. The KT method has gained significant popularity in recent years, but there is a paucity of evidence on its use. Forty-two subjects clinically diagnosed with rotator cuff tendonitis/impingement were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups: therapeutic KT group or sham KT group. Subjects wore the tape for 2 consecutive 3-day intervals. Self-reported pain and disability and pain-free active ranges of motion (ROM) were measured at multiple intervals to assess for differences between groups. The therapeutic KT group showed immediate improvement in pain-free shoulder abduction (mean +/- SD increase, 16.9 degrees +/- 23.2 degrees ; P = .005) after tape application. No other differences between groups regarding ROM, pain, or disability scores at any time interval were found. KT may be of some assistance to clinicians in improving pain-free active ROM immediately after tape application for patients with shoulder pain. Utilization of KT for decreasing pain intensity or disability for young patients with suspected shoulder tendonitis/impingement is not supported. Therapy, level 1b-.
PEDro systematic review update
  • Sj Kamper
Kamper SJ, et al. Br J Sports Med November 2013 Vol 47 No 171129 PEDro systematic review update