Factores psicosociales implicados en el control de la hipertensión arterial

Departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Psicología Clínica, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, España
Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular 04/2012; 29(2):44–49. DOI: 10.1016/j.hipert.2011.12.002


High blood pressure or hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, whose high prevalence and the ability to be modified by therapeutic intervention, make it a major public health challenge. Hypertension is a multifactorial health problem, involving three large categories of factors: classical biological factors, behavioral risk factors (diet, smoking, alcohol intake, and exercise) and psychological factors. Psychological factors include both the effects of stress on the cardiovascular system and personality factors (hostility and anger) and negative emotions such as anger, anxiety and depression.

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