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This study attempts to discover the alteration trends of house renovations focusing on the frontal area of terrace houses. A housing neighbourhood in Section 7 Shah Alam, Malaysia was chosen as the site for the investigation. A total of 30 renovated houses were identified and they were visually observed and analysed. Using a digital camera, the houses were photographed from approximately similar viewing angle and sorting out process was carried out for analysis at the studio. The data show that the altered houses can be classified into four established architectural styles namely; traditional, modern, post-modern and “others”. The findings suggest that there is no one particular style of facade that was significantly more popular among these styles. However, it appears that there is a growing interest towards a style which can be described as modernist. Among other things that can be learnt from this study is that people are quite able to express their stylistic preferences even under the constraints of the typically narrow-frontaged terrace houses.
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... Architectural style also influences people's visual preference for buildings (Evans, 2019). An experiment conducted by Saruwono, Rashdi, and Omar (2012) in Malaysia indicated that the subjects showed an increasing interest in modern-style buildings. However, the subjects in this experiment were not categorized. ...
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In the background of rapid urban development in China, several detached houses have been built. The style, local surroundings, and other physical characteristics of these houses are constantly changing, which provides ample samples for the study of the visual preference evaluation of Chinese detached houses. With the detached houses in Jiangsu province, China, as the research object, the architectural style, height-width ratio, window-wall ratio, and local surroundings were set as the physical characteristics of detached houses. A photo stimulation experiment was conducted with different types of participants, the findings of which were then collected and analyzed. The study indicates that architectural style, height-width ratio, window-wall ratio, and local surroundings are the main factors that influence people’s visual preference evaluation of detached houses; people of different categories produce different visual preference evaluations of detached houses. This study offers a valuable reference for the design of Chinese detached houses.
... sion in the green building design proves the importance of cultural wellbeing in sustainability assessment. Similar community with complex cultural background and significantly different customs and value systems such as the Malay community, therefore, should heed these recommendations and move towards the same path in shaping a sustainable future. Saruwono et al. (2011) found that homeowners in Shah Alam, Malaysia, altered the external aesthetic with some regards to the local architecture, with the intention to create a more desirable living environment. The underlying point of this finding is the importance of the psychological and spiritual aspects influence to human health, the intangible aspect of ...
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This paper presents a review on holistic approaches of green building assessment tools (GBAT) for sustainable development (SD) showing the trends and conceptual framework. The method of the study is through literature review which highlighted the socio-cultural inadequacy of most GBAT. The paper proposes several hypotheses. Firstly, to use a holistic universal method to assess sustainability within the community's cultural context. Secondly, the assessment criteria for sustainability from the socio-cultural viewpoint would differ from the conventional tools. Thirdly, the study proposes that the community would prefer to shape their future environment with specific preferred values in their home environment.
... The result in housing designs that is said to be devoid of basic design principles and often, does not match the needs of the ordinary population. In addition, houses are built fast and lacking in creative design efforts [9]. ...
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The trend of renovate residential houses especially the interior of the house has become a common phenomenon for homeowners nowadays in Malaysia. This scenario is quiet concern because sometimes no modifications to comply with the law and the guidelines set by the government housing. Modifications with not done properly can cause injury and harm to families and the people around. To reduce this problem, the concept of sustainable inner walls with flexible floor plan should be incorporated in every house in Malaysia. This is because the wall is the basic structure of a building and usually serves as the border, supporting structures and dividing the space with another space. Wall also causes an increase of the price of a house. This is due to the increase in raw material costs and labor costs, land subsidence have to bear by the developer. The increasing in house prices is causing among Malaysians, especially young executives cannot afford to buy their first home. To reduce the price of the home, reduction in construction interior wall in wet construction should be done and replaced with the sustainable inner wall. This sustainable inner wall also can save the space and the owner simplify can added or reduced the room according their need without spending too much money for renovation in the future.
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Previous studies suggest that home activities of housewives affect house design significantly. This paper aims at identifying roles and household activities of Malay housewives and their relationship with housing design preferences. A study was carried out on selected working and non-working Malay housewives of Bandar Tenggara, Johor, Malaysia, using a combination of close-ended and open-ended questionnaire survey. The results suggest that activities such as cooking and other day-to-day operations have some correlation with their sense of space. The results suggest that patterns of housewives’ home activities affect their housing design preferences.
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This paper presents the underlying concerns uncovered from the literature reviews of the noticeable integration of social and cultural aspects as part of the assessment indices for the Green Building Rating Tools towards holistic implementation as the social-cultural values. In addition, the findings also resulted an additional fourth experiential bottom line to the concept of sustainability being proposed, shifting the obsession from increasing the ‘standards of living’ towards focusing on ‘quality of life’. The exploratory research design adopts case study as the strategy where the study focuses on the socio-cultural aspects of the matrilineal custom Malay community in Malaysia.
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This paper discusses a behavioral phenomenon of people living in housing schemes. The fact is, people would renovate their houses at certain stage of occupancy and many had done so even before they moved in for the first time. Previous studies suggest that this phenomenon indicated dissatisfaction including provision of rooms, space arrangement and finishes. Simply, people renovate to suit their personal needs and certain feature or fashion is favored by house owners. A study is currently undertaken to investigate whether this is just a trend or a form of self-expression at the highest order.
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Problem statement: Mosul city distinguishes itself in its architecture style which has earned and developed through ages. However, this style is now prone to extinction. This is due to the lack of studies which clarify the characteristics of architecture style in the traditional architecture of the city and benefit from it for future designs and to maintain the architecture identity of the city. The above problem made local architects rely on Western concepts in the process of construction and expansion that occurred in this city since the second decade of the twentieth century. Approach: Therefore, there is a need to have studies showing the characteristics of architecture style of the traditional buildings in Mosul city, so that it can be invested in current and future designs. One study can not be enough to clarify the characteristics of Architecture style in the city, because of the building functional diversity, so it is necessary to focus on one type of building which are the residential houses. The residential houses represent most of the urban fabric of the Mosul city and this is a key component of the identity of the city architecture in general. Results: Thus stating the research problem as "lack of clear perception of the characteristics of architecture style of the traditional houses in Mosul city to consider in future designs" and having in mind this problem, the goal of this research has been set to clarify these characteristics. The hypothesis has been developed concerning these properties: Identification of a methodology for the research to achieve the goal and verification of the hypothesis. Conclusion: Finally, architectural style that characterized the traditional residential houses in the light of several levels, which are the basic components and formal relations (organization of space, mass configuration) and fine architectural treatments, were provided.
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Cultural-ethnic landscape symbolizes the belief and cultural values of an ethnic group living in a community. The landscape is an expression of people's idea and work; illustrating intrinsic understanding and relationship of people to their fellow beings and environment. Such landscape is significant to the human community development and more challenging to establish it in a multi-ethnic society such as terrace house neighborhood in Peninsular Malaysia than in homogenous society. This research investigates the characteristics of terrace house gardens from three ethnic groups, namely, Malays, Chinese and Indians. Through inventory and analysis of 23 neighborhoods in Peninsular Malaysia, it is found that 52% of the terrace houses have gardens. The design of garden and its features are partially influenced by ethnicity belief of the resident. The differences are in selection of plant species which are determined by the religious belief and ritual rite of the ethnic group. In hierarchical importance, the plant species are planted in the house garden for five reasons or uses, namely, (i) decoration, (ii) food, (iii) medicine and cosmetic, (iv) ritual, and (v) provision of shade.
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This paper deals with the planning, delivery and implementation of a middle class housing scheme in Nairobi, focusing on the process of private sector residential area development. The paper analyses the planning aspects of a residential neighbourhood that were underestimated by the private developers, both at the formulation and implementation stage. Taking a case study of Claycity estate, the paper examines how the relationships between the private developer (land buying company) and purchasers, affect the process of housing development. The importance of neighbourhood design and issues of how developer profits undermined residents’ satisfaction are highlighted. The analysis reveals that it is the land sale contracts (and the interests associated with them) that are the problem, rather than neighbourhood design per se. The paper concludes that the emphasis must be on the politics of private profit making, which then have implications for neighbourhood design, site planning and development process. It has to be restated that the social transformation is the core function of a neighbourhood design and it can only be achieved through proper planning, administration and implementation of a development scheme with the overall goal being the achievement of a conducive environment to urban life.
Sourcebook of architectural ornament: designers, craftsmen, manufacturers, and distributors of exterior architectural ornament
  • Brolin
  • C Brent
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Brolin, Brent C. and Richards, Jean (1982) Sourcebook of architectural ornament: designers, craftsmen, manufacturers, and distributors of exterior architectural ornament. United States of America, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company
The Malay house: rediscovering Malaysia's indigenous shelter system
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Creating Multifamily Rental Housing Through Renovation
  • P. Jim Rouse
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