ArticlePDF Available

Abstract

Audio visual aids are important in education system. Audio visual aids are those devices which are used in classrooms to encourage teaching learning process and make it easier and interesting. Audio -visual aids are the best tool for making teaching effective and the best dissemination of knowledge .So there is no doubt that technical devices have greater impact and dynamic informative system. This study designed to analyze the effectiveness of audio visual aids in teaching learning process at university level. To achieve the purpose of study two questionnaires was design as research tool separately for teachers and students. The questionnaire was administered to 150 students and 50 teachers of The Islamia University of Bahawalpur,(faculty of arts and faculty of science) Mean score was calculated to determine the empirical reaction of students and teachers on each item. The data was analyzed by using standard deviation and Z test. The findings for each statement were made. On the basis of findings, the conclusion was drawn. It was found that (i) the respondents viewed that A.V aids play important role in teaching learning process (ii) A.V aids make teaching learning process effective (iii) The respondents viewed that A.V aids provide knowledge in depth and detail (iv)It brings change in class room environment.(v)It motivates to teachers and students. On the basis of findings of study, following recommendation were made (1) Teachers may be trained for using A.V aids (2) Teachers may planning before using A.V aids (3) University may provided proper facilities of A.V aids (4) A.V aids may be according to level and interest of students.(5) Training may be provided to student for proper use of A.V aids.
Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 28 (2011) 78 – 81
1877-0428 © 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.11.016
Procedia
Social and
Behavioral
Sciences
Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 00 (2011) 000000
www.elsevier.com/locate/procedia
WCETR 2011
A study to analyze the effectiveness of audio visual aids in teaching
learning process at uvniversity level
Saima Rasul a *, Qadir Bukhsh b, Shazia Batoolc
a Department of educational Training,The Islamia University,Bahawapur63100,Pakistan
b Department of educational Training,The Islamia University,Bahawapur63100,Pakistan
c Department of educational Training,The Islamia University,Bahawapur63100,Pakistan
Abstract
Audio visual aids are important in education system. Audio visual aids are those devices which are used in classrooms to
encourage teaching learning process and make it easier and interesting. Audio -visual aids are the best tool for making teaching
effective and the best dissemination of knowledge .So there is no doubt that technical devices have greater impact and dynamic
informative system. This study designed to analyze the effectiveness of audio visual aids in teaching learning process at
university level. To achieve the purpose of study two questionnaires was design as research tool separately for teachers and
students. The questionnaire was administered to 150 students and 50 teachers of The Islamia University of Bahawalpur,(faculty
of arts and faculty of science) Mean score was calculated to determine the empirical reaction of students and teachers on each
item. The data was analyzed by using standard deviation and Z test. The findings for each statement were made. On the basis of
findings, the conclusion was drawn. It was found that (i) the respondents viewed that A.V aids play important role in teaching
learning process (ii) A.V aids make teaching learning process effective (iii) The respondents viewed that A.V aids provide
knowledge in depth and detail (iv)It brings change in class room environment.(v)It motivates to teachers and students. On the
basis of findings of study, following recommendation were made (1) Teachers may be trained for using A.V aids (2) Teachers
may planning before using A.V aids (3) University may provided proper facilities of A.V aids (4) A.V ai ds may be according to
level and interest of students.(5) Training may be provided to student for proper use of A.V aids.
Keywords: study, analyze, effectiveness, audio aids, visual aids, teaching ,learning ,process, IUB
1. Introduction
Education is necessary for everyone. Education is very important, without education no can lead a good life.
Teaching and learning are the important element in education. The teacher use different methods and material to
teach their students and their effective learning. With the passage of time ,different methods and techniques are
entered in the field of education and teacher use different kind of aids to make effective teaching.
Teaching aids arouse the interest of learners and help the teachers to explain the concepts easily. Undoutly, audio
visual aids those instructional aids which are used in the classroom to encourage teaching learning process.
As Singh(2005) defines: “Any device which by sight and sound increase the individual s'experience,beyond that
acquired through read described as an audio visual aids”
*Saima Rasul. Tel.: 00923007380180
E-mail address: saimarasul.iub@gmail.com
79
Saima Rasul et al. / Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 28 (2011) 78 – 81
Saima Rasul / Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences 00 (2011) 000000
2
Audio- Visual aids are those instructional devices which are used in the classroom to encourage learning and
make it easier and interesting. The material like charts, maps ,models, film strip, projectors radio, television etc
called instructional aids.(Rather,2004)
Audio visual aids are effective tool that ”invest the past with an air of reality.”A.V aids provide the learners with
realistic experience, which capture their attention and help in the understanding of the historical phenomena. They
appeal to the mind through the visual auditory senses.(Jain,2004)There is famous Chinese proverb “ one seeing is
worth, a hundred words” it is fact that we receive knowledge through our senses. There is another proverb that” if
we hear we forget, if we see we remember, and if we do something we know it” so it means that use of A.V aids
make teaching learning process more effective. As Kishore(2003) said “A.V aids stimulated thinking and
understand.” The use of A.V aids in teaching learning process has multifarious values(Mohanty,2001).A.V aids give
chance to speakers to make a more professional and consistent presentation. The teaching profession is filled with
countless opportunities to enrich the academic lives of students, while some concepts and educational objectives will
be easy for students to grasp, other will require you to think creatively to ensure that important learning objectives
are met. Using A.V aids in teaching is one way to enhance lesson plans and give students additional ways to process
subject information (Kunari,2006).A.V aids are devices present unit of knowledge through auditory of visual stimuli
both with a view to help learning. They concretize the knowledge to be presented and help in making learning
experience apple real, living and vital. They supplement the work of the teacher and help in the study of the text
books. The great educationist Comenius has well said: The foundation of all learning consists in representing clearly
to the senses and sensible objects so they can be appreciated easily(Singh,2005)
Objectives of the Study
Following were the major objectives of the study:
1. To identify the uses of Audio visual aids at university level.
2. To know the interest of students in Audio visual aids at university level
3. To analyze the effectiveness of Audio visual aids in teaching learning process at university level.
4. To find out the problems in using Audio Visual aids
Method and Procedure
The study was descriptive research in nature. Two five point rating scale questionnaire were developed to
collect the data from teachers and student. The intended target population was all the students and teachers of
faculty of arts, faculty of science and faculty of education. Out of the whole population, 150 students and 50
teachers were selected through simple random sampling technique.
Analysis of Data
Mean score was calculated for overall level of agreement / disagreement for each statement. For mean score
norm was 3.00.However level of agreement was different for each statement. . The data was also analyzed
percentage with the help of Microsoft excel. The overall level of agreement or disagreement and made the following
comparisons
Scale values assigned to each of the five responses was as:
Level of Agreement
Scale Value
SA 5
A 4
UNC 3
DA 2
SDA 1
80 Saima Rasul et al. / Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 28 (2011) 78 – 81
3
To calculate the mean score, following formula was used.
Mean Score= (FSAx5+Fax4+FUNCx3+FDAx2+FSDAx1)
N
Where
FSA= Frequency of strongly agreed
FA= Frequency of agreed
FUNC= Frequency of uncertain
FDA= Frequency of disagreed
FSDA= Frequency of strongly disagreed
In order to determine the empirical reaction of the students on each item, the mean score on all twenty items was
calculated in table no 1:
Item wise analysis of teachers
Table no 1
Sr.No
Statements
Means Score
(Student)
1
Students understand more effectively with the use of A.V aids.
4.47
2
Students take interest when teacher use A.V aids
4.30
3
Lack of training for proper use of aids.
3.20
4
A.V aids play important role in teaching process
3.87
5
Modern techniques required to use in classroom
4.00
6
Special training for using A.V aids is necessary
3.41
7
Teachers are trained to use A.V aids
3.63
8
Use of A.V aids help a teacher during teaching process
3.80
9
Use of A.V aids provide easy way to teach a difficult concepts.
3.41
10
A.V aids provides depth and variety of teaching methods
3.52
11
A.V aids save teacher time
3.40
12
A.V aids provide more information
3.30
13
A.V aids make teaching process more meaningful
3.8o
14
A.V aids share teacher s' burden.
2.90
15
A.V aids are easily available in classroom
2.63
16 A.V aids provide first hand knowledge to students 2.64
17
Extra and detail study for exams affect on students'
performance
3.80
18
Use of A.V aids bring change in classroom environment
3.83
19
A.V aids make class room activities long lasting
3.78
20 Students participate actively as compare to simple teaching 3.34
Table shows that mean score more than 3.00(norm) means that most of the teachers agreed that use of A.V aids are
more effective in teaching process at university level.
Item wise analysis of students Table no. 2
Sr.No
Statements
Means Score (Student)
1
Teacher use A.V aids in the classroom.
3.97
2
Teacher use A.V aids related to topic
3.34
3
Teacher use A.V aids in squence
3.57
4 A.V aids are according to students' level 3.73
5 Students feel difficulty to understand with A.V aids 2.87
6
A.V aids make learning effective
3.24
7
Teachers are expert ti use A.V aids
3.72
8
A.V aids save students' time
3.53
81
Saima Rasul et al. / Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 28 (2011) 78 – 81
Saima Rasul / Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences 00 (2011) 000000
4
9
A.V aids provide difficult things in simple way to understand
3.76
10 Teacher clear the concepts of student by using A.V aids 3.88
11
Teacher guide their students to use properly A.V aids
3.21
12
Teacher use A.V aids according to his needs
3.37
13 Teacher prepare his /her aids before the class 3.32
14
Teacher use unnecessarily A.V aids in classroom
2.31
15
A.V aids motivate the students towards learning
3.64
16
A.V aids play important role in students' learning
3.45
17
Use of A.V aids provides deep knowledge
3.80
18
Use of A.V aids bring change in classroom environment
3.27
19
A.V aids make learning long lasting
3.28
20
A.V aids provide help to students in different assignment
4.21
Table shows that mean score more than 3.00(norm) means that most of the students agreed that use of
A.V aids are more effective in learning process at university level.
References
Heinich,R.et al.(1996),Instructional Media and Technology for learning,Macmila: United stated of America
Jain,P..(2004); Educational Technology, Delhi Moujpur publication.
Kishor,N.(2003); Educational technology, Abhishek publication.
Kunari ,C (2006); Methods of teaching educational Technology, New Delhi. Mohanty, J (2001); Educational Technology, Publish by Rajouri
garden New Delhi.
Rather,A.R.(2004);Essentials Instructional Technology, published by Darya gaj New Delhi.
Singh, Y.k(2005);Instructional Technology in Education, published by Darya ganj new Delhi ;
... The entry of ICT in teaching-learning process has increased the efficacy of teachers and learners. In present century, ICT is an imperative part of every educational and economic organizations (Copriady, 2014 There is change in higher education, use of internet and students' performance, usefulness and effectiveness of audio-visual aid (Rasul et al., 2011), and utilization of the information and communication technology for educational purposes. This research study helped us to find out that both Islamabad and Rawalpindi universities are using educational technologies in their institute. ...
... During the analysis phase, it was observed that the role of Audio-Visual aids is very significant in pedagogical context. According toRasul et al., (2011) the effectiveness of quality is enhanced with the use of AV aids. The utilization of AV aids ensures motivating environment for both the stakeholders of the educational institute. ...
Article
With the emerging demand and importance of science and technology, it has become mandatory for all the individuals, especially for those who are university students to be familiar with digitalization. The current study highlights and investigates the utilization of digital technology application in universities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The population of the current study is male and female students selected from the institutes of higher education of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. A sample of 80 students from public sector universities and 80 students from private universities have been selected through stratified sampling technique. The data has been collected by 5-point Likert Scale questionnaire. The results of the study indicate that most of the universities are using ICT tools in their teaching and learning system and these tools are proving very useful for the teachers and students. However, some of the adverse effects are also reported in the study like excessive use of internet inhibit the study habits. Keywords: Audio Visual Aids, Pakistan, Students, Technology, Universities
... pemanfaatan alat peraga dan media mampu meningkatkan perhatian pembelajar terhadap pembelajaran (Rasul et al., 2011). Guru-guru juga sangat antusias menyimak materi yang disampaikan oleh narasumber. ...
Conference Paper
ABSTRAK PENDAHULUAN Proses pembelajaran yang berkualitas ditentukan oleh beberapa faktor, salah satu diantaranya adalah profesionalisme guru dalam menggunakan media pembelajaran. Media pembelajaran yang baik selain harus sesuai dengan materi ajar, juga mesti menarik perhatian siswa, memperjelas materi abstrak menjadi konkret, dan mampu mengaktifkan siswa. Jika media yang digunakan menarik dan konkret maka siswa akan lebih mudah memahami materi. Salah satu cara yang dapat digunakan guru untuk membuat media pembelajaran supaya menarik dan efektif adalah menggunakan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi (TIK). Pemanfaatan TIK pada era revolusi industri 4.0 sudah menjadi sesuatu hal yang dibutuhkan, tidak terkecuali pembelajaran. Saat ini ada berbagai aplikasi menarik yang dapat digunakan Based on identifying problems using the questionnaire method, elementary school teachers in cluster 3 experienced a limited number of innovative digital media used in online and offline learning. Based on these problems, the goal to be achieved in this training is to increase the knowledge and skills of teachers in creating innovative digital media. The innovation provided uses the principle of segmentation. The methods used in this training are lectures, question-and-answer discussions, practice, and simulations. The training participants were elementary school teachers in cluster 3, Buleleng District, totaling ten people. The increase in the trainees' knowledge is known through tests, while the increase in skills is known through the product. In addition, the success of the training implementation is known through the provision of questionnaires. The results of the training showed that there was an increase in knowledge and skills. The average pretest score is 63, and the posttest average is 93, which means a significant increase in knowledge. The participants' media scores were in the good category, and their responses were very positive about the training they had attended. Berdasarkan identifikasi masalah yang dilakukan menggunakan metode kuesioner bahwa guru-guru SD di gugus 3 mengalami kendala terbatasnya media digital inovatif yang digunakan dalam pembelajaran daring maupun luring. Berdasarkan masalah tersebut tujuan yang ingin dicapai dalam pelatihan ini, yaitu meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan guru dalam membuat media digital inovatif. Inovasi yang diberikan adalah menggunakan prinsip segmentasi. Metode yang digunakan dalam pelatihan ini adalah ceramah, diskusi tanya jawab, praktik, dan simulasi. Peserta pelatihan adalah guru-guru SD di gugus 3 Kecamatan Buleleng yang berjumlah 10 orang. Peningkatan pengetahuan peserta pelatihan diketahui melalui tes sedangkan peningkatan keterampilan diketahui melalui produk. Selain itu, keberhasilkan pelaksanaan pelatihan diketahui melalui pemberian kuesioner. Hasil pelatihan menunjukkan bahwa terjadi peningkatan pengetahuan dan keterampilan. Rerata skor pretest 63 dan rerata posttest 93 yang artinya terjadi peningkatan pengetahuan secara signitifkan. Skor media digital peserta berada pada kategori baik dan tanggapan peserta sangat positif terhadap pelatihan yang ditelah diikuti.
... Audiovisual aids may be used to support the teaching and learning process [59]. Well-informed documentaries on soil remediation techniques prepared by industrial companies are available online. ...
Article
Full-text available
Soil pollution is a major challenge for ensuring a healthy environment and for human health. One of the critical points in soil pollution policy is the education and public awareness of the problem caused by soil pollution. Education influences decision-making on soil and water care. It is crucial to spread knowledge to undergraduate and graduate students about the determinantal effects of soil pollution on ecosystems and humans, considering today’s students are tomorrow’s guardians of soil and human health. A course on soil pollution aims to provide students with a foundation of the knowledge and skills required to work in this field. Knowledge of soil and contaminant properties, soil-pollutant interaction processes, transport of pollutants by soil and water, human health and ecological risk assessment, and measures for preventing soil pollution are fundamental for the sustainable management of soil and food safety. Students should be aware of the need to avoid the three types of soil pollution (chemical, radioactive, and biological) in industrial, agricultural, forest, and urban soils. This article provides a broad view of the knowledge taught in subjects related to soil pollution and introduces learning activities for undergraduate students.
... Audio-visual aids are the best tools for making effective teaching and best knowledge dissemination. So there is no doubt that technical tools have a greater impact and dynamic information systems (Rasul, Bukhsh, & Batool, 2011). Moreover, with the rapid development of mobile devices, users can now read on the screen. ...
Article
Full-text available
Technology has become an unavoidable part of education and must be used. The purpose of this study was to obtain the need for digital learning media for reading comprehension English classes. This research is a qualitative descriptive study that was conducted using a survey method. The participants were students (38 boys and 22 girls) and 2 teachers. Data collection techniques are documents, observations, interviews, and questionnaires. Data analysis consists of three steps, namely data reduction, data presentation, and concluding. Furthermore, the data analysis technique used expert judgment. The results of the study concluded that digital learning media had not been used comprehensively by teachers and students during online teaching and learning activities. From the results of data analysis, the digital learning media needed varies according to the function or role. For online discussion activities, you can use the zoom or google meet. Delivering material and assignments are LMS, google classroom, social media, reading sources are learning websites and electronic textbooks, exercises using online or manual, and communication processes using WA groups.
Article
The biggest challenge for current education system is to use technology blended teaching in a innovative way. As per current advancement in technology the teachers should be well acquainted to integrate technology in teaching and learning along with traditional way of teaching. New technology helps students to observe and understand the topic in a much easier way. All streams of education have now ingress of technology and now it is the turn of teachers to make optimal utilization of technology to enhance the learning capacity of the students and groom the young minds to become good citizens and play a vital role in nation building. Now a days technology has reached everybody’s home. It is the main component of infrastructural facilities that an institution should provide for teachers and student community for sustenance of quality education and make them competent enough to face global challenges.
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the development of media development with the Ciro model as an evaluation of the tajwid learning program at Miftahul Mu'arif Kampar Islamic boarding school. This is very important to increase the success rate of conducting media development when learning Tajid reading. The subjects of this survey were principals, Islamic boarding school management teams, and students. Methods of collecting data were questionnaires, observations, interviews, and documentation. The data analysis technique in this research is descriptive quantitative to analyze the percentage level of effectiveness of each component in the Ciro model. The results of the evaluation of media development as an evaluation of the tajwid learning program at Miftahul Mu'arif Islamic boarding school that the effectiveness of media development in Miftahul Mu'arif Islamic boarding school there is a difference in the average pretest and posttest scores of 7.77 with an N-Gain of 0.421, it can be concluded that there is an increase in the average of 5,866 and in the implementation of recitation learning media it is in the very practical category with a practical percentage level of 92.81%.
Article
Healthcare professionals frequently communicate complex medical information among colleagues and students. This paper aims to determine gaps in healthcare professionals’ presentation skills and identify barriers to improving. Eighty-eight individuals at a Midwest Academic Medical Center completed a survey that consisted of three parts: (1) respondents’ current presentation slide deck, (2) respondents’ perceptions of their current presentation skills, and (3) barriers to and motivations for improving their presentation skills. A mixed-methods approach was used to collect and analyze data. Respondents used bullet points and text the most (74%), and videos the least in their presentations (51%). When assessing respondents’ perceptions of their current presentation skills, they rated themselves the lowest as a storyteller (median = 6/10) and as an overall presenter (median = 6/10). The biggest barrier reported was “lack of training on best practices” (58%). Respondents reported “interested in improving” and “enhance opportunities” as their main motivations for improving presentation skills. Four themes emerged from the open-ended survey items: Practical tips and best practices, Ability to communicate effectively, Professional development, and Practice opportunities. Effective presentation skills should be included in every healthcare professionals faculty development curriculum. This is especially crucial for junior faculty members to ensure their continued success.
Article
Full-text available
Students’ achievement in Biological Concept is not encouraging over the years in Nigeria Colleges of Education. This may be due to Biology lecturers' failure to make use of audio-visual materials in their classes, which could be due to lack of audio-visual materials and lack of knowledge of how to use the materials where they are available, lack of enthusiasm and inventiveness on the part of lecturers. This study was conducted on the “Effect of Audio-visual Materials on Students Achievement in Biological Concepts in College of Education in Oyo. A quasi-experimental design which involves pre-test, posttest and non-equivalent intact group was used for the study. One hundred and ninety-six (196) 200 Level NCE students’ were randomly selected from the College of Education in Oyo. Two (2) research questions were asked and answered using mean and standard deviation while ANCOVA was used to test the formulated hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The Biological Concept Achievement Test (BCAT) was the tool used for data collection. A reliability index of 0.80 using KudderRichardson formular (Kr 20). The findings revealed that students taught with audio-visual material have a higher achievement score of 2.03 and 2.15 in Biological Concept than their counterpart while p=0,000 . It was recommended that lecturers of colleges of education should practice the use of Audiovisual materials in teaching Biological concept for better achievement.
Article
Full-text available
Students’ achievement in Biological Concept is not encouraging over the years in Nigeria Colleges of Education. This may be due to Biology lecturers' failure to make use of audio-visual materials in their classes, which could be due to lack of audio-visual materials and lack of knowledge of how to use the materials where they are available, lack of enthusiasm and inventiveness on the part of lecturers. This study was conducted on the “Effect of Audio-visual Materials on Students Achievement in Biological Concepts in College of Education in Oyo. A quasi-experimental design which involves pre-test, posttest and non-equivalent intact group was used for the study. One hundred and ninety-six (196) 200 Level NCE students’ were randomly selected from the College of Education in Oyo. Two (2) research questions were asked and answered using mean and standard deviation while ANCOVA was used to test the formulated hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The Biological Concept Achievement Test (BCAT) was the tool used for data collection. A reliability index of 0.80 using KudderRichardson formular (Kr 20). The findings revealed that students taught with audio-visual material have a higher achievement score of 2.03 and 2.15 in Biological Concept than their counterpart while p=0,000 . It was recommended that lecturers of colleges of education should practice the use of Audiovisual materials in teaching Biological concept for better achievement. Keywords: Audio-visual, ANCOVA
Instructional Media and Technology for learning,Macmila: United stated of America
  • References Heinich
References Heinich,R.et al.(1996),Instructional Media and Technology for learning,Macmila: United stated of America Jain,P..(2004); Educational Technology, Delhi Moujpur publication.
  • Saima Rasul
Saima Rasul et al. / Procedia -Social and Behavioral Sciences 28 (2011) 78 -81
Instructional Technology in Education, published by Darya ganj new Delhi
  • Y Singh
Singh, Y.k(2005);Instructional Technology in Education, published by Darya ganj new Delhi ;