Prevention and Management of Non-Communicable Disease: The IOC Consensus Statement, Lausanne 2013

VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands
British Journal of Sports Medicine (Impact Factor: 5.03). 11/2013; 47(16):1003-1011. DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2013-093034
Source: PubMed


Morbidity and mortality from preventable, non-communicable chronic disease (NCD) threatens the health of our populations and our economies. The accumulation of vast amounts of scientific knowledge has done little to change this. New and innovative thinking is essential to foster new creative approaches that leverage and integrate evidence through the support of big data, technology, and design thinking. The purpose of this paper is to summarize the results of a consensus meeting on NCD prevention sponsored by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in April, 2013. Within the context of advocacy for multifaceted systems change, the IOC’s focus is to create solutions that gain traction within health care systems. The group of participants attending the meeting achieved consensus on a strategy for the prevention and management of chronic disease that includes the following:1.
Focus on behavioural change as the core component of all clinical programs for the prevention and management of chronic disease.

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    • "Competitive sport requires regular physical activity with a huge array of physical and psychological benefits, associated with and resulting from cardiorespiratory fitness, which will benefit athletes in these situations.1–3 The benefits of regular physical activity for people living with cancer and undergoing chemotherapy are considerable, leading to improved clinical outcomes and better quality of life.3 4 When FIFA first coined the terms ‘Football for Health’ and ‘Football for Hope’ they may not necessarily have expected such literal sporting applicability for a professional footballer, for whom health and psychological benefits can be easily forgotten, with performance the over-riding elite sport goal.5 6 FIFA and the IOC have demonstrated support and commitment for the promotion of health and well-being through regular physical activity and sport.7 8 "
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    • "Currently, no single clinician is dedicated to providing exercise, physical activity, and health education,8 and recommendations made to patients are based on the National Physical Activity Guidelines for Australians,19 which outline the minimum levels of physical activity required to gain a health benefit. Provision of these guidelines needs to be expanded to provide more comprehensive, tailored recommendations to individuals who may be suffering from complex conditions and/or injuries to support behavior change.15 "
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    • "For instance, Naci and Ioannidis (2013) recently found that exercise had a stronger effect than anticoagulants and antiplatelets in the treatment of stroke. Moreover, there is convincing evidence that those who exercise are much less likely to develop CVD over time (Lee et al., 2012; Matheson et al., 2013). The same is true for depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (Leardmann et al., 2011). "

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