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The coevolution of IT innovation and copyright institutions: The development of the mobile music business in Japan and Korea

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In order to understand how IT impacts at the industry level, this paper adopts a theory of the coevolution of technological innovations and copyright institutions and applies it to examine how the mobile music business in Japan and Korea has developed. In Japan, mobile music business is controlled by incumbent recording companies and is complementary to offline CD sales. In Korea, however, the online music business (including mobile and fixed-internet) is dominated by mobile carriers and has replaced offline businesses, which has caused disruptive changes in the music industry structure. This paper suggests that diverging national copyright institutions give rise to the contrasting industrial changes, which in turn emphasizes how political processes drive the interactions between technologies and institutions.
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... t coins with specific value were introduced. These primitive coins formed the basis of the modern forms of money. In fact, today, people can engage in the exchange of services and goods in various ways other than coin and paper money. This should be attributed to the inception of electronic forms of money (Mathiesen, 1997;Flanagin & Metzger, 2014).Lee (2012)reported that since the early 1990s, the Internet has grown rapidly in terms of the quantity of both users and applications. On the other hand, merchants and consumers have noted the endless commercial potential of the Internet and thus commercial transactions emerged on the Internet (Shipps & Philips, 2013). One should be quick to indic ...
... The Internet has provided many opportunities for sharing information, art, music and other works globally (Lee, 2012). Yet, whilst the Internet has opened up a wide range of benefits to its users, there are serious concerns amongst those who have copyright to sustain control over the copying, using and distribution of their material. ...
... Yet, whilst the Internet has opened up a wide range of benefits to its users, there are serious concerns amongst those who have copyright to sustain control over the copying, using and distribution of their material. This relates to the ethical issues emanating from copyright in the Internet arena (Lee, 2012;Wu & Sun, 2013). It should also be emphasised that copyright in the computing environment lends itself to information security problems, challenges and crimes. ...
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E-commerce is growing rapidly due to the massive usage of the Internet to conduct commercial transactions. This growth has presented both customers and merchants with many advantages. However, one of the challenges in E-commerce is information security. In order to mitigate e-crime, the South African government promulgated laws that contain information security legal aspects that should be integrated into the establishment of information security. Although several authors have written about legal and policy aspects regarding information security in the South African context, it has not yet been explained how these aspects are used in the provision of information security in the South African corporate environment. This is the premise upon which the study was undertaken. Forty-five South African organisations participated in this research. Data gathering methods included individual interviews, website analysis, and document analysis. The findings of this study indicate that most organisations in South Africa are not integrating legal aspects into their information security policies. One of the most important outcomes of this study is the proposed Concept Model of Legal Compliance in the Corporate Environment. This Concept Model embodies the contribution of this study and demonstrates how legal requirements can be incorporated into information security endeavours. The fact that the proposed Concept Model is technology-independent and that it can be implemented in a real corporate environment, regardless of the organisation’s governance and management structure, holds great promise for the future of information security in South Africa and abroad. Furthermore, this thesis has generated a topology for linking legislation to the provision of information security which can be used by any academic or practitioner who intends to implement information security measures in line with the provisions of the law. It is on the basis of this premise that practitioners can, to some extent, construe that the integration of legislation into information security policies can be done in other South African organisations that did not participate in this study. Although this study has yielded theoretical, methodological and practical contributions, there is, in reality, more research work to be done in this area.
... Step 4: ClassificaƟon of Papers • Final unique and relevant papers: 32 arƟcles • CategorizaƟon based on the framework of Keeley et al. (2013): 10 types of innovaƟon • ClassificaƟon based on Lee (2012) and ...
... Because of the massive digitisation of the present era and the changing market situations, actors and entities in the music business ecosystem must also consider the importance of cross-industry innovation (Power and Jansson, 2004). This will mainly focus on the combined experiences of musical products through the advancement of information technology, which can be effectively gained through collaborative experts engagement in these two different fields (see for examples Pine and Gilmore, 1999;Lee, 2012). ...
Article
Purpose This study aims to present a state of the art review pertaining to the topic of multi-actor innovation in the music industry. Due to the changing nature of the marketing paradigm from product dominant to service dominant, as well as the emerging paradigm of open, collaborative, and co-innovation, this study attempts to integrate and map the previous papers that have examined the concept of multi-actor innovation in the context of the music industry. Methodology A systematic review is carried out to produce the analysis. Various scholarly articles from well know databases are taken into considerations in this study. These papers are then classified based on the types of innovation, category and sub-category of innovation, value capture and value creation, as well as its general characteristics. This classification is primarily aimed at mapping the development of previous studies in the current field and examining the current research gaps to propose future research agendas. Findings Previous researchers have shown that innovation concepts have been developed into various streams, namely closed, open, collaborative, and co-innovation. In addition to this point, the debates regarding the consumers’ roles in the market have pinpointed that innovation also calls for more participative forms rather than isolated. Nevertheless, discussions that pertain to open, collaborative and co-innovation in the context of the music business, have still been lacking and therefore demand more explanations. Originality/Value This study is the first to present the topic of multi-actor innovation in the music business to the scholarly literature. Based on the review carried out in this study, scholars that are particularly interested in the field of open, collaborative and co-innovation within the context of the music industry can comprehend the development of previous discussions and therefore justify future research agendas.
... The suggestion is that technology readiness to fulfil the needs of institutions remains a focal point for research (Webster and Gardner 2019;Markey-Towler 2020;Mohsen et al. 2021), and motivates studies on technology co-evolution, employment relations, institutional conflicts (Hung 2000;Costa and Horn 2021), and technological institutional reform (Clark 2002). In some technology readiness studies, researchers focus on technology development (Lee 2012) and available technological capabilities (la Hiz et al. 2019) for global innovations. Authors also explore institutional readiness in the context of technological foresight for facing future challenges (Quiroga and Martin 2017). ...
Article
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Institutional innovation creates smart institutions that idiosyncratically thrive in a world of exponential change. Through policy-driven interventions and experiential learning, managers of institutions become adept at delivering praxis- and crisis-driven innovations required for survival and success. Similarly, the management of institutional innovation remains an interest in research due to links of this form of innovation to economic growth, and the demands of on-going major socioeconomic transformations due to technological advances, increased occurrences of major crises, and emerging socioeconomic challenges. Accordingly, a key question arising from the literature concerns the range of determinants and priorities that influence institutional innovation for delivering society value. Thus, the onus is on scholarship to capture and advance knowledge for harnessing the potency of institutional innovation. The purpose of this article is to analyse the current state of research on institutional innovation. Using the systematic review methodology, we identify and critically appraise 485 peer-reviewed scientific publications between 1969 and 2021. The review finds key determinants and management priorities with a view to developing a multi-level management model of institutional innovation. Guided by insights from the review, the article sets a research agenda for future management studies of institutional innovation. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.
... In order to analyse such evolutionary processes, a coevolution approach has been incorporated in innovation literature. This approach originates in evolutionary economics and organizational theory and implies a bidirectional causality and co-dynamic change (Lee, 2012;Lynskey, 2006;Norgaard, 1994;van de Ven & Garud, 1994;Volberda & Lewin, 2003). This concept is especially helpful when considering regional innovation systems' long-term development. ...
Article
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Public innovation subsidies in a regional environment are expected to unfold a positive economic impact over time. The focus of this paper is on an assessment of the long-run impact of innovation and innovation subsidies in German regions. This is scrutinized by an estimation approach combining panel model and time-series characteristics and using regional data for the years 1980–2014. The results show that innovation and innovation subsidies in the long run have a positive impact on the economic development of regions in Germany. This supports a long-term strategy for regional and innovation policy.
... The shift from tangible objects as music carriers to largely intangible 'files' in the digital context has not removed, but rather 'retuned' the music commodity's previously defining physical manifestation into a more mobile and versatile digital formal that still relies on an ecology of playback devices and other tangible infrastructures. We draw on Morris's insight to begin to think about what appears to be a revolution in musical capitalism in Africa and other parts of the Global Southnotably India (Beaster-Jones 2014), South Korea (Lee 2012), and Bolivia (Stobart 2010) -whereby the ways music is exchanged and experienced are shaped by digital music commodities that constitute and are constituted by the convergence of music and mobile telecommunications. ...
Article
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This paper explores the role of mobile telecommunication and technology firms (MTTs) in the distribution of recorded music in Ghana and Kenya. These countries both have vibrant music markets with weak formal distribution networks. Limited enforcement of copyright regimes and weak market regulation created new entrepreneurial business models. While ‘big tech’ dominates this space elsewhere, in African contexts the main players are mobile service providers (e.g. MTN, Vodafone, Tigo) and digital content firms (e.g. Liberty Afrika, MTech, Cellulant). These transnational players cater to fast-growing consumer markets that do not have easy access to major music distribution platforms such as iTunes and Spotify (which tend to provide very limited access to ‘local’ content, in any case). Despite their particular and increasingly significant roles, very little empirical attention has been paid to the activities of mobile telecommunication and technology firms (MTTs) in music sectors. This paper takes stock of why and how MTTs have entered into the business of recorded music distribution in Ghana and Kenya, and assesses the ramifications of their entry for the music sectors in these and other African countries as part of broader global shifts in the production, distribution and marketing of recorded music.
... Kim and Mauborgne (1997) denoted that it could be the creative processes that were altered (e.g., Compaq and Callaway), the service processes that were re-engineered (e.g., IKEA and Accor) or the consumption methods that were modified (e.g., CNN and Kinepolis). According to these facts, it is evident to assert that value innovation not only seek to result in the end product but takes into account the whole production processes as an integrated value chains that prompt operational effectiveness and bring about distinctive advantages in the market (Lee, 2012;Lin, 2014). ...
Article
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This paper investigates the previous theoretical and empirical studies regarding the current philosophical understandings of co-innovation and subsequently suggests a theoretical framework that exhibits the analytical pillars and the possible outputs of this notion in practice through various case studies. The analysis of this study involved examining secondary sources of scholarly literature by discussing the conceptual understandings and empirical findings on the concepts of co-innovation in several academic databases. Co-innovation is defined as a shared work of generating innovative and exceptional design conducted by various actors from firms, customers, and collaborating partners. This study proposes that there are five principal elements within the idea of co-innovation: collaboration, coordination, co-creation, convergence and complementary. The possible outputs of co-innovation can either be a new business model, new customer base, new customer value, new value chain, or new products and services. This paper attempts to evaluate the emerging concept of co-innovation and propose a conceptual framework rooted in various authentic business cases and theoretical literature.
... Kim and Mauborgne (1997) denoted that it could be the creative processes that were altered (e.g., Compaq and Callaway), the service processes that were re-engineered (e.g., IKEA and Accor) or the consumption methods that were modified (e.g., CNN and Kinepolis). According to these facts, it is evident to assert that value innovation not only seek to result in the end product but takes into account the whole production processes as an integrated value chains that prompt operational effectiveness and bring about distinctive advantages in the market (Lee, 2012;Lin, 2014). ...
Article
This paper investigates the previous conceptual and empirical studies regarding the current understandings of co-innovation and subsequently suggests a conceptual framework that exhibits the analytical pillars and the possible outputs of this notion. The analysis of this study involved examining secondary sources of scholarly literatures by discussing the conceptual understandings and empirical findings on the concepts of co-innovation in several academic databases. Co-innovation is defined as a shared work of generating innovative and exceptional design conducted by various actors from firms, customers, and collaborating partners. There are five principal elements within the idea of co-innovation: collaboration, coordination, co-creation, convergence and complementary. The possible outputs of co-innovation can either be new business model, new customer base, new customer value, new value chain, or new products and services. This paper attempts to evaluate the emerging concept of co-innovation and propose a conceptual framework rooted on various authentic business cases and theoretical literature.
... Another online business models that are suggested are subscription systems model, music service provider model, and super-distribution model, which usually embedded in online downloading service (Buhse and Wetzel, 2003). The digital products offered in online business model include polyphonic ringtones, ring-back songs, true tone ringtones, full-track music downloads and ubiquitous music (U-Music) (Lee, 2012;Levy and Bosteels, 2010;Baym and Burnett, 2009;Lantos and Craton, 2012). The digital products offered in online business models could also expand to provide additional services in accessing mobile music (Buhse and Wetzel, 2003) such as offering the audience to make mix tapes with available sound samples (Muxtape) (Choi et al., 2009). ...
Article
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The music industry is developing and starting to catch up after its downturn in previous years. The number of actors is growing and coming up with different new business models to creatively enter the new market and beat competitors. Unique offerings require new partnerships which change the network structure in the business model. Many companies revise their business models as they deal with various actors with specific terms in constant change. Previous research often captures a single actor's business model and tends not to focus on providing the changing network structures in regards to the different types of business models emerging in the industry. The research reported here was carried out to identify the relationship between the available types of business models and the changing relationship structures in the music industry. The results show that changes in network structures correspond to different business model types in the case of Indonesian music industry. Further research is suggested to gain a better understanding of the implementation and evaluation of the business model types due to the changing network structures.
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The purpose of the study is to develop a model for the co-evolution of the regional economy and economic institutions. The research methods used: abstract-logical for the study of theoretical aspects and the experience of modeling co-evolution; and economic-mathematical for the development of own model of coevolution. The results of the study: approaches to modeling the evolution of economic institutions, as well as the co-evolution of the regional economy and economic institutions are considered, strengths and weaknesses of existing approaches to modeling co-evolution are identified, on the basis of the logistic model and Lotka-Volterra equations, an own co-evolution model has been developed, which includes three entities: regional economy, “good” institution and “bad” institution. Three versions of the model have been developed: the co-evolution of the regional economy and the “good” institution, the co-evolution of the regional economy and the “bad institution,” and a variant of the co-evolution of all three entities simultaneously, in which the “good” and “bad” institutions interact according to the “predator-prey” model, and their the cumulative effect determines the development of the regional economy. Numerical experiments have been carried out in the MathLab, which have shown the capabilities of the model to reflect the results of the co-evolution of the economy of a resource-producing region and economic institutions. In the first variant, a “good” institution promotes economic growth in excess of the level determined by resource availability. In the second variant, the “bad” institution has a disincentive effect on the GRP, as a result of which the GRP falls below the level determined by the resource endowment. In the third variant, the interaction of “good” and “bad” institutions still contributes to economic growth above the level determined by resource availability, but causes cyclical fluctuations in the GRP.
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