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A PRACTICAL HANDBOOK OF PANCHAKARMA PROCEDURES

Authors:
  • • Free Lance Ayurved Herbal Industry Pharma Consultant Scientist and Clinician • Lybrate- Online Clinical Consultation

Abstract

Panchakarma is a Minimal Invasive Bio-Cleansing Procedure advised in Life Style, Metabolic, Autoimmune diseases and also periodic in Healthy individuals as preventive measure.
A PRACTICAL HANDBOOK
OF
PANCHAKARMA PROCEDURES
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A PRACTICAL HANDBOOK
OF
PANCHAKARMA PROCEDURES
C
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FE
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DI
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TO
OR
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Prof. G. S. Lavekar
Director General
Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha, New Delhi
CONTRIBUTORS
Dr. T.V. Menon
Ex. Assistant Director (Ayurveda) Incharge
Dr.(Mrs.) Bharti
Assistant Director (Ayurveda)
Central Research Institute (Ayurveda), New Delhi
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A PRACTICAL HANDBOOK
OF
PANCHAKARMA PROCEDURES
E
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DI
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TO
OR
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S
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Dr
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.M
M.
.M
M.
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Dr. Sharda Ota
Reseach Officer (Ayurveda) CCRAS, New Delhi
Dr. M.M. Sharma
Reseach Officer (Ayurveda) CCRAS, New Delhi
Dr. B. Venkateshwarlu
Reseach Officer (Ayurveda) CCRAS, New Delhi
REVIEWED BY
Dr. Bhima Bhat
HOD, Ayurveda Department, Holy Family Hospital, New Delhi
Vd. R.S. Sharma
Asso. Professor & Head, Department of Panchakarma, N.I.A., Jaipur
Dr. Nandini K. Kumar
Consultant, Division of Basic Medical Sciences, ICMR, New Delhi
Dr. S.C.Mahapatra
Professor, Department of Physiology, AIIMS
4
Publisher
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ISBN :978-81-907420-9-2
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2009
Reprint 2010
5
PREFACE
Practical handbook of Panchakarma Procedures is a brief knowledge several of
Panchakarma procedures followed in different parts of the country. It also
includes some of the common therapeutic procedures popular in Kerala.
Panchakarma therapy is an integral part of Ayurvedic treatment. All the learned
scholars of Ayurveda since beginning of the present era have highly appreciated
the importance and therapeutic efficacy of Panchakarma therapy. The description
of Panchakarma is found to be popular in Ayurvedic classics viz Charak Samhita,
Sushrut Samhita, Ashtang Hridayam, Ashtang Sangraha, Sharangdhara and
Vangsena etc. Classical Panchakarma includes Vamana, Virechana, Anuvasan
Basti, Niruh Basti, Nasya and Raktamokshana, which require more attention and
care from the physician. The procedures are also time taking. Due to these facts
some of the physicians developed easier techniques with better therapeutic effects.
These procedures are popular in India but now they are becoming popular all over
world.
This book deals with the commonly practiced, popular Panchakarma procedures
minutely in simplified form for the benefit of students and Ayurvedic
practitioners. It has been tried to give the material requirements, names and doses
of commonly used medicines with administration time, indications and
contraindications with necessary photographs. The assessment of minimum
required man power in various procedures has also been done. This book is
recommends space and staff requirements for a model Panchakarma unit. Textual
references are also given wherever possible.
I appreciate Dr. M.M. Sharma, Dr. B.S Sharma, Mr. Upendra Singh and Mr.
Narender Singh from publication section for their tireless efforts in bringing out
this publication.
I hope that this handbook will serve as a ready reckon document for students,
practitioners, academicians, research scholars and certainly help to establish a
good Panchakarma center for better health care services.
Place: New Delhi Prof. G.S. Lavekar
Director General
CCRAS
6
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INTRODUCTION:
Ayurveda, an ancient Indian System of Medicine, has been in vogue from times
immemorial to impart natural healing for various ailments. The system was nurtured by ancient
scholars on the basis of sound underlying philosophy, oriental methodology and practices
prevalent in that era. This system is believed to be quite safe and free from side effects as it is
more close to nature.
Ayurvedic treatment comprises of two major parts viz. Samshodhana Chikitsa (Bio-
cleansing therapy) and Samshaman Chikitsa (Pacifying therapy). Samshaman Chikitsa consists
of conservative treatment like Langhana, Pachana, drug administration etc. Samshodhana
Chikitsa envisages Panchakarma treatment which is basically a Bio-cleansing regimen intended
to eliminate the toxic elements from the body and thereby enhances the immunity of the body.
Samshodhana Chikitsa is considered superior to Samshamana Chikitsa as the chances for
recurrence of the disease so treated are remote1.s
Pancakarma increases the acceptability of body to various therapeutic regimens like
Rasayana (Rejuvenation) and Vajikarana (Aphrodisiac). Thus, Panchakarma therapy is
believed to impart radical elimination of disease causing factors and maintain the equilibrium of
Doshas. Five fold measures2comprehended as Pancakarma are:
1. Vamana (Therapeutic Emesis)
2. Virechana (Therapeutic Purgation)
3. Anuvasana (Medicated Oil Enema)
4. Asthapana (Medicated Decoction Enema)
5. Nasya (Nasal administration of Medicaments)
Description of these five procedures is available in Charaka Samhita Kalpa Sthana,
Shusruta Samhita Chikitsa Sthana and Ashtanga Hridya Sutra Sthana. Vagabhatta in Ashtanga
Hridya has enumerated five types of samshodhanas3i.e.
1. Niruha
2. Vamana
3. Virechana
4. Nasaya
5. Rakatmokshana
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Prior to these five Pradhan Karmas (main procedures), Purva Karma (preparatory
measures) given to the patient are:
Pachana (Ama Pachana & Deepana medicines like Shunthi Kwatha may be given)
Snehana (Oleation) and
Swedana (Sudation).
After the main procedures, Pashchat Karma (Samsarjana Krama), a special diet and life
regimen (period of convalescence) is advocated as post operative measures. Panchakarma
therapy plays a definite role in the management of diseases especially of neuromuscular,
rheumatological and gastrointestinal origin. In addition to this Panchakarma procedures are
utilized for the purpose of preservation, maintenance and conservation of health and the
promotion of longevity.
Based on Ayurvedic principles and own experiences, the Ayurvedic scholars in
South India have modified certain techniques/ procedures according to Dosha, Prakriti (body
constitution), Kala (season), drug availability etc. and found them quite effective. Later on,
these procedures got popularized as Keraliya specialities of Panchakarma which are
extensively practiced in India and abroad as main procedures. Shashtika shali pinda sweda,
pizhichil, Shirovasti, shirodhara, shirolepana are some of these practices. These procedures are
specialized varieties of Snehana and Swedana which have more nutritive/ nourishing effect than
bio-cleansing or depleting effect.
With the spread of Buddhism to the southern parts of India, Ayurvedic treatment got
popularized as it was practiced in the monasteries. After the decline of the Buddhism, many of
these monasteries were converted to temples and the practice of Ayurvedic treatment through
these temples still continues in Kerala. One such example is Tiruviza of Allappy Distt. of
coastal area where Vamana procedures are done daily. Panchakarma procedures were not
confined to the higher societies only. Rather lower classes of the society also contributed to the
promotion, progress and development of these specialized techniques. Due to this fact,
modified techniques of Panchakarma treatment developed in Kerala, unlike North India. With
the modernization and globalization of Ayurveda, more and more people are showing interest in
these treatment procedures due to their effectiveness in addition to the conventional
Panchakarma practices. Physicians from other parts of the country and the western world wish
to acquire this knowledge.
This Practical Handbook of Panchakarma Procedures is written with a view to impart
simple and basic knowledge of these procedures to the learners. It has also been tried to put the
textual references wherever possible and to give the photographs of different procedures.
However, before administration of Panchakarma procedures, one must carefully select,
assess and prepare the patient explaining all the procedures to be followed. The doses of drugs,
vegas and frequency of procedures may vary according to condition of the patient and/ or
severity of the disease. While under going procedures, it is duty of the physician to assess the
patient’s strength, constitution, age, season, disease stage and other relevant factors4.
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The Samshodhana Chikitsa (Bio-cleansing therapy) of Ayurveda, which includes
Panchakarma treatment, basically intends to eliminate the toxic elements from the body and thereby
enhances the immunity of the body. The toxic products of body metabolism can be broadly divided
into water soluble, fat soluble and volatile substances. The volatile substances like carbon-di-oxide
can easily be removed from the body through lungs. While there are number of mechanisms
available to get rid of the water soluble toxic materials through kidney, sweat and other body
secretions, removal of fat soluble toxic materials is very difficult and only liver can play a small
role. Hence it is likely that, there would be accumulation of fat soluble toxic products in the body.
Liberal use of oil and ghee in various Panchakarma procedures makes it possible to eliminate these
toxic products. In modern day medicine, we understand that molecules moves from higher
concentration to lower concentration when separated by a diffusible membrane. The skin and the
mucous membrane provide an excellent opportunity for this maneuver. While skin of an average
adult only provides a surface area of less than 2 square meters, the gastrointestinal tract is many
meters long with a highly permeable mucous membrane. The mucous membrane of gut has many
folds and projections in the form of villi and microvilli, which help to increase the total exchange
area, equivalent to a tennis court. Various Panchakarma procedures like. Vamana (Therapeutic
Emesis), Virechana (Therapeutic Purgation) and Anuvasana (Medicated Oil Enema) use oil
liberally, there by removing toxic fat soluble waste materials. Prior to the five Pradhan Karmas
(main procedures), Purva Karma (preparatory measures) i.e. Bahya Snehana (External oleation) and
Sarvanga Swedana (Whole Body Sudation) are given to the patient. These procedures further helps
in removing toxic materials from the body. Swedana procedure using hot steam increases the local
skin blood flow there by enhancing the exchange process. It is known that the fat soluble toxic
substances are stored in the body fat. Fat in human body is largely located below the skin and inside
abdomen around the mesentery of the gut. During various Panchakarma procedures, exposure of
skin and gut mucous membrane (which are very close to the fat stores) to a large quantity of oil
seems to be a logical and ideal procedure. Repetition of these procedures over several days will
largely remove the toxic wastes by concentration gradient. The Ayurvedic medicines added to the oil
might give additional benefits.
One of the important features of these procedures is the safety and easiness by which these can be
administered without any major side effects. Although the practitioners of modern system of
medicine do realize the individual variations in patient population suffering from the same disease,
most of them fail to appreciate these variations in practice. In Ayurvedic practice of Panchakarma,
Dosha (fault or disease), Prakriti (body constitution), Kala (season), drug availability etc. are
always of prime concern.
SNEHANA (OLEATION)
Snehana stands for lubrication of body systems by the administration of fatty substances
internally and externally. Snehapana (internal administration of sneha) is an important
preparatory procedure for Panchakarma. Four types of Snehana dravyas are mentioned in the
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classics viz. Ghrita (Ghee), Taila (Oil), Vasa (Fat) and Majja (bone marrow). Out of these
Ghrita is considered as the best5.
Snehana (Oleation) includes:
Abhyantara Snehana (Internal Oleation)
Bahya snehana (External Oleation)
Abhyantara snehana is again classified into Achhapana and Vicharana.
Achhapana is the oral intake of medicated or non medicated Sneha (Ghee/ oil) without mixing
with food or other medicinal preparations and used for the purpose of softening and lubricating
of body tissues prior to the Shodhana therapy.
Materials required:
Medicated ghee or oil according to the requirement.
Measuring glass
Hot water for drinking (boiled with Shunthi+Dhanyaka).
Medicines commonly used:
Indukanta Ghrita
Maha tiktaka Ghrita
Sukumara Ghrita
Dhanwantara Taila
Ksheera Bala Taila etc.
Man Power:
Ayurvedic Physician : 1
Attendant/ Nurse : 1
Procedure for Snehapana:
Agnibala may be assessed in the patient prior to Snehapana, so as to assess the dose of
Sneha dravya (Hina, Madhyama, Uttama, Hrisyasi matra). For the patient with unknown
doshas, agni etc. one may start with Hrisyasi matra6(which digests within two yamas).
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The patient who is intended to under go Snehapana is to take the Sneha in the early
morning (within 15 minutes of sunrise) in the prescribed dose based on his Agnibala (digestive
capacity), nature of disease, condition of body etc. The usual dosage is between 50 to 75ml for
Ghrita and 30 to 50 ml for Taila on the first day. The dose for the next day should be fixed after
assessing the time taken for digestion. Hot water boiled with a piece of Shunthi (dry ginger) +
Dhanyaka (dry coriander seeds) is given in small doses to enhance the digestion (Deepan,
Pachana).
Snehapana may be continued till Samyak Snigdha Lakshanas7(symptoms of desired effect) are
observed and usually it is obtained within 3 to 7 days8.
Usual practice of increasing order of Snehapana dosage:
First day : 50ml
Second day : 100ml
Third day : 150ml
Fourth day : 200ml
Up to 7th day : 350ml
Indications9:
Swedya, Samshodhya (Persons undergoing sudation and biocleansing procedures)
Ruksha Sharira (Roughness in the body)
Nithyamadya (Alcoholic)
Krisha (Debility)
Timira (Premature cataract)
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Vatarogas (Neuromuscular disorders)
Kasa (Cough)
Shwasa (Dyspnoea)
Hikka (Hiccough)
Swarbheda (Hoarseness of voice), etc.
Contraindications10:
Sthoola (Obese)
Kaphaja Vikaras (Kapha disorders)
Atisara (Diarrhoea)
Raktapitta (Bleeding disorders) etc.
Regimen during Snehapana:
Rest
Avoid day sleep
Take Rice gruel after feeling hungry (when consumed Sneha is digested).
Complications and management:
Indigestion
Vomiting
Nausea
Anorexia
Headache
Constipation etc.
In such conditions, Snehapana should be discontinued and fasting, Deepana
(Stomachic), Pachana (Digestive) drugs may be given based on the patient/ disease condition.
Scientific observation11:
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Oleation pacifies Vata; lubricates and softens the Doshas. It improves digestion, regularizes
bowels, improves the strength and complexion and prevents premature ageing.
N. B. After completing Snehana (oleation), Swedana (sudation) is to be carried out (1-3 days)
based on the patient/ disease condition.
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SWEDANA
Swedana is a process to induce sweating (sudation) artificially in a patient/volunteer
who has already undergone Snehana.Swedana is of four types12
(i) Tapa Sweda
(ii) Ushma Sweda
(iii) Upnaha Sweda
(iv) Drava Sweda
Snehana and Swedana constitute Poorvakarmas. The patient is given Snehapana for 3-7
days depending upon the appearance of fat in stool which is considered as the end point of
Snehana. Snehana is followed by Swedana and Swedana in turn is followed by Vamana
procedure
Types of Swedana (on the basis of induction of heat):
1. Thermal (Sagni Sweda)-13
2. Non Thermal (Niragni Sweda)-10
Types of Swedana (on the basis of application of heat):
1. Local (Ekanga Sweda)
2. General (Sarvanga Sweda)
Types of Swedana (on the basis of nature of heat):
1. Moist heat (Snigdha Sweda)
2. Dry heat (Rooksha Sweda)
Types of Swedana (on the basis of intensity of heat):
1. High Sweat (Maha Sweda)
2. Medium Sweat (Madhyama Sweda)
3. Low Sweat (Durbala Sweda)
General features of Swedana Dravyas:
The medicines which produce Sweda are generally-
Ushna, Tikshna, Sara, Snigdha, Sukshama, Rooksha, Sthira, Drava, Guru.
12 LosnLrkiksiukgks”enzo HksnkPprqfoZ/k%
¼vñg`ñlwñ] 17@1½
15
Indications of Swedana:
According to Charaka, Swedana relieves:
Stiffness (Stambha)
Heaviness (Gourava)
Cold (Sheeta)
Stambha Gourava Sheetaghnam Swedanam Swedakarkam
Stambhanam Stambhayati yat gatimantam chalam dhruvam
(Carak Sutra-22/11).
Indications of Swedana: 13
Following Snehana
Stiffness of the body
Pain
Cold
Heaviness
Dryness
Vatadosha/ Obstruction to Mala, Mutra and Shukra
Prior to Panchakarma Procedures, as a Poorvakarma.
Swedana is given to even infants by using warm hands14.
Contra indications of Swedana:
Dagdha (burnt)
Vishapeeta (Poisoned)
Madapeeta (Alcoholic)
Trishita (Thirsty/dehydrated)
Nidranasha(Insomnia)
Chhardi (vomiting)
Rakta pitta (Bleeding disorders)
Hridya Rogas (Cardiac Diseases)
13 izfr’;k;s p dkls p fgDdkÜokls”oyk?kosA ------------- lokZaxs”kq fodkjs”kq Losnua fgreqP;rsAA
¼pñ lwñ 14@20&24½
14 tUeçHk`fr ckykuka Losne”Vfo/kafgre~AA
¼dkñlwñ] 23@25½
16
VASHPA SWEDA (STEAM BATH)
This is a kind of sudation by which medicated steam is applied to the patient’s body for
a certain period of time to get perspiration. It removes stiffness, heaviness and coldness from
the body15.
For this purpose Bashpa Sweda Yantra (A steam-bath chamber) is required. Medicinal
herbs /decoction is kept boiling in the Bashpa Sweda Yantra from where the steam is generated
and applied all over the body or any specific part through a tube or pipe. The patient is advised
to lie down inside the steam chamber after massage with warm oil (200-220C). A thick cotton
sheet may be used to cover the body to get proper perspiration.
Materials and Equipments:
Medicated kwathas (Decoction)
Suitable oil for massage (Mahanarayana Taila, Dhanwantara Taila etc.)
Bashpa Sweda Yantra/ Steam Chamber
Bed-sheet
Cloth
Towel etc
Medicated kwathas (Decoction):
Usually Dashamoola is used:
Bilwa (Aegle marmelos)
Agnimadha (Premna integrifolia)
Shyonaka (Oroxylum indicum)
Patala (Ptereospermum suaveolens)
Gambhari (Gmelina arborea)
Brihati (Solanum indicum)
Kantakari (Solanum xanthocarpum)
Gokshura (Tríbulus terrestris)
Shaliparni (Desmodium gangeticum)
15 Å"ek rwRdkfjdkyks"VdikyksiyikalqfHk% A
i=Hkaxsu /kkU;su djh"kfldrkrq"kS% AA
vusdksik;lUrIrS% iz;ksT;ks os'kdkyr% A
f'kxzqokj.kdSj.MdjatlqjlktZdkr~ AA
¼v0 â0 lw0 17@6-7½
okfrdksÙkj okfrdkuka iqueZwyknhuka mRDok/kS% lq[kks".kS%
dqaHkhoZ"kZqfydk% izukMhokZ iwjf;Rok ;FkkgZfl) LusgkH;Dra
xk=a oL=koPNUua ifj"ksp;sfnfr ifj"ksd% AA
¼/kkjkdYi&2½
17
Prishniparni (Uraria picta)
Tulasi (Ocimum sanctum)
Nirgundi (Moola / patra) (Vitex negundo)
Eranda Moola (Ricinus communis), may also be used.
Oils for massage:
Mahanarayana Taila
Rasnadi taila,
Nirgundi taila,
Dhanwantara taila etc.(as indicated by physician)
Man power:
Ayurvedic Physician : 1
Masseur : 1
Mode of administration/ procedure:
Patients are to be massaged properly with suitable oil for 30-45 minutes all over the
body. Then the patient is advised to lie down inside the Bashpa Sweda Yantra and cover the
body with a blanket. Patient is to remain inside the yantra for 15-20 minutes or till he gets
proper perspiration (Samyakswinna Lakshana16). Prior to Virechana it is recommended for 3
days and for Vamana one day. At the end of the procedure, patient may come out of the
chamber and the sweat is wiped off with a towel. Bath is advised with luke warm water
according to the physician’s choice
Indications17:
Neuro muscular disorders - Hemiplegia, Para plegia, sciatica etc
Rheumatological problems - Rheumatoid arthritis, Osteoarthritis, Post fracture
stiffness of joints, etc.
Rejuvenation therapy
Contraindications18:
16 ‘khr’kwyC;qijes LrEHkxkSjofuxzgsA latkrs eknZos Losns Losnukf}jfreZrkAA
¼pñlañlwñ14@13½
17 ‘okldklçfr’;k;fg/ek/ekufocfU/k”kqA LojHksnkfuyO;kf/k’ys”ekeLrEHkxkSjosA
&&&&&&&&&&&& Losna ;FkkoFka dq;kZÙknkS”k/kfoHkkxr%AA
¼vñâñlwñ17@25&27½
18
Visarpa - Erysipelas
Timira - Cataract
Madhumeha - Diabetes Mellitus
Raktapitta - Bleeding disorders
Atisara - Diarrhoea
Complications and management:
Fainting – Sprinkle cold water on the face, apply suitable oil, Drakshadi kwatha
internally can be given.
Burns Apply Madhu (Honey), Ghrita (Ghee), Ghritakumari (Aloe vera) and other
suitable treatment.
Dietary regimen:
Light (liquid or semisolid) diet is advised throughout the procedure.
Scientific explanation19:
Swedana liquefies the Doshas and facilitate to bring them to Koshtha, where they can be
expelled out by subsequent Panchakarma procedures.
18 u Losn;snfrLFkwy:{knqcZyewfPNZrku~AA21AA
LrEHkuh;{kr{kh.k{kkee|fodkfj.k% frfejksnjohliZdq”B’kks”kk<Ójksfx.k%AA 22AA
ihrnqX/knf/kLusge/kwu~ Ñrfojspuku~A Hkz”VnX/kxqnXykfuØks/k’kksdHk;kfnZrku~AA23AA
¼vñâñlwñ17@21&23½
19 LusgfYdUuk% dks”Bxk /kkrqxk ok] L=ksrksyhuk ;s p ‘kk[kkfLFklaLFkk%A
nks"kk% LosnSLrs nªohd`R; dks”Ba uhrk% lE;d~ ‘kqf)HkZfuZfgZ;UrsAA29AA
¼v0 â0] lw0 17@29½
19
BAHYA SNEHANA
VASHPA SWEDA
20
VASHPA SWEDA
21
VAMANA (THERAPEUTIC EMESIS)
Vamana means to induce vomiting; it is a bio-cleansing measure meant for the
elimination of doshas (mainly kapha) accumulated in the upper gastro intestinal tract
(Amasaya)20. Vamana is a treatment of choice in Kaphaja disorders21.
Materials and Equipments:
Comfortable seat (Arm chair) (Vamana Peetha) : 1
Bucket : 1
Vessels : 3
[Mug, Glass, bowl, towels, B.P.Instruments, Weighing Scale, ECG Machine,
Thermometer, Measuring Glass etc.]
Vamana Yoga – (Ingredients in approx. quantities):
Vacha (Acorus calamus) powder : 2 gm
Madanphala (Randia dumatorum) powder : 4gm
Rock Salt : 5gm
Madhu (Honey) : 15ml
Others:
Medicated oil for application on chest, back abdomen : 100ml
(Mahanarayan Taila, Ksheerabala Taila, Chandanbala Taila, Lakshadi
Taila, Dhanwantara Taila etc. may be used according to Dosha and disease).
Milk : 1.5 ltr.
Madhuyashthi Kwatha : 1.5 ltr.
Lavanodaka : 1.5 ltr.
20 r=nks"kgj.ka Å/oZHkkxa oeulaKde~
¼p-d- 1@4½
'ys"e.kks fof/kuk ;qDra rh{.ka oeu fojspue~ A
¼ v-â-lw- 13@10½
viDoa fiÙk'ys"ek.ka cyknw/oZa u;srq ;r~ A
oeua rf) foKs;a enuL;Qya ;Fkk AA
¼'kk- izFke [k.M 1@84½
21 dQs fon/;k)eua la;ksxs ok dQksYo.ks A
r}f}jspua fiÙks A fo'ks"ks.k rq oke;sr~ A
¼v-â-lw- 18@1½
22
Man Power:
Ayurvedic Physician : 1
Masseur : 1
Attendant : 2
Mode of drug administration/ procedure:
The patient is to be prepared for Vamana by performing purvakarma properly as
indicated and prescribed kaphotklesa dravyas like fish, masha (black gram),payasam (rice
cooked in milk with ghee) etc. on the previous day of Vamana.
Vamana is to be conducted in the morning preferably between 7 to 8 A.M. If the patient
is on empty stomach, Yavagu (specific type of rice preparation made from 1:6 ratio of rice and
water) with Ghee are to be given before performing the Vamana22. After Snehan and Swedana,
the patient is to be advised to sit comfortably in a chair (Vaman peeth). Afterwards mixture of
milk or Madhuyashthi Kwatha (Vamanopaga dravya) is to be given full stomach. Vaca powder
with honey is given to lick in between. At the last sip of the decoction Madanphala powder with
honey is given to be licked.
The medicines for Vamana should be administered in proper quantity, according to the
age, strength, constitution, season etc. Usually, Vamana starts within 10-15 minutes after
giving the medicine. While the patient is vomiting, masseur should massage back and chest in
upward direction. To stimulate the urge for the bouts of vomiting, warm water mixed with
Saindhava (Lavanodaka) or milk should be given repeatedly. Assessment criteria of vamana
procedure are elaborately mentioned in the classics23.Usually the fluid comes out.
Within 48 minutes. If not vomited out the pharynx may be gently irritated with a finger
or Kamalanala.
22 vFk PNnZuh;ekrqja };ga «;ga ok LusgLosnks &&&&&&
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&bR;s”k loZ’NnZu;ksxfof/k%AA
¼pñlañdñ1@14½
23 t?kU;e/;çojs rq osxkJ~pRokj b”Vk oeus “kM”VkSA
+ + + + + + + fiÙkkolkua oeua fojsdkn/kZa + + oeus rq ihre~
¼vñâñlwñ18@32½
23
Vegas (bouts) of Vamana: 24
According to No. of bouts (Vegas) Vamana may be classified into-
Jaghanya vamana –4 vegas (bouts)
Madhyama vamana – 6 vegas (bouts)
Pravara vamana – 8 vegas (bouts)
Post Vamana regimen:
When Samyak yoga25 of Vamana is observed the patient should clean his mouth and face
with warm water and Dhumapana with the prescribed drugs e.g. Haridra (Curcuma longa), is
to be performed. In the evening the patient may be instructed to take hot water bath. When the
patient is having good appetite, Samsarjana karma 26 is to be followed. Semi solid diet
preferably rice gruel may be given.
Indications27:
Gastric problems - Amlapitta (Acid peptic disorders), indigestion etc.
Respiratory diseases - Kasa (Cough), Shwasa (bronchial Asthma)
Other diseases - such as Madhumeha (Diabetes), Unmanda (Schizophrenia),
Peenasa (Sinusitis), Kushtha (Skin diseases), Granthi
(Tumour), Shlipada (Filariasis)
24 t?kU;eè;izojs rq osxk’pRokj b”Vk oeus “kM”VkSA
¼pñflñ1@13½
¼vñâñlwñ18@31½
25 fufoZcU/ka çorZUrs dQfiÙkkfuyk% Øekr~A
¼vñâñlwñ18@25½
26 is;ka foysihed`ra d`ra p] ;w”ka jla =huqHk;a rFkSde~A
Øes.k lsosr ujks∙Uudkyku~ ç/kkue/;k∙oj’kqf)’kq)%A
¼vñâñlwñ18@29½
27 -----------------------------fo'ks"ks.k rq oke;sr~ A
uoTojkfrlkjk/k% fiÙkkl`xzkt;f{e.k% A
dq"BesgkiphxzfUFk'yhinksUekndkflu% AA
'oklâYyklohliZLrU;nks"kks/oZjksfx.k% A
¼vñâñlwñ18@1&2½
24
Contraindications28:
Acute peptic ulcer
Atikrisha (Emaciated body)
Bala (Children)
Vriddha (Old age)
Garbhini (Pregnancy)
Shranta (Exhausted)
Pipasita (Thirsty)
Kshudhita (Hungry)
Hridroga (Cardiac disorders)
Complications of Vamana therapy29:
Atiyoga (excessive) of vamana may cause –
(i) Froth in vomitus
(ii) Hematemesis
(iii) Weakness
(iv) Dryness of throat
(v) Feeling of darkness
(vi) Giddiness
(vii) Vatarogas
(viii) Fresh bleeding
Scientific observation:
Certain diseases originate due to accumulation/ vitiation of phlegm/ Kapha. The elimination of
this dosha will help to prevent and cure the disease.
28 vokE;k xfHkZ.kh :{k% {kqf/krks fuR;nq%f[kr%AA
Ckyo`)’kLFkwyg`nªksfx{krnqcZyk%A çlDroeFkqIyhg&frfejfØfedksf”Bu%AA
m/oZço`Rrok[kL=nRrcfLrgrLojk%A ew=k?kkR;qnjh xqYeh nqcZeks~R;fXuj’kZl%AA
mnkorZHkzek”Bhyk&ik’oZ:Xokrjksfx.k%A _rs fo”kxjkth.kZfo:)kH;ogkjr%AA
¼vñâñlwñ18@3&6½
29 vfr;ksxs rq QsupUnzdjDror~AA
¼vñâñlwñ18@25½
ofera {kkerk nkg% d.B'kks"kLreks Hkze%A
?kksjk ok¸oke;k e`R;qthZo’kksf.krfuxZekr~
¼vñâñlwñ18@26½
25
VAMANA PROCEDURE
26
VIRECHANA (THERAPEUTIC PURGATION)
Virechana is the procedure by which the vitiated Doshas are eliminated through the anal
route. It is the treatment of choice for Pitta predominant conditions30.
Materials and Equipments:
Attached toilet (lavatory) is a must.
Towels, Bed sheets etc.
Medicines:
Single drugs:
Any of the following medicines may be selected according to the condition of the patient:
Trivrit (Operculina turpethum) - root powder – 5gm
Aragvadha (Cassia fistula) - fruit pulp – 10gm
Eranda (Castor oil) -oil – 15 to 25 ml
Compound preparations:
Any of the following medicines may be selected according to the condition of the patient:
Ichhabhedi Rasa - 60-120mg with cold water
Kalyana guda/ Manibhadra guda - 10-15gm
Bindu Ghrita - 4-5 drops
Hingu triguna taila - 15-25ml
Avipattikara churna - 10-20gms
Man power:
Ayurvedic Physician (for supervision) : 1
Attendant : 1
Mode of administration/procedure
Selected patient should undergo first Purvakarma i.e.Snehapana for 3-7 days, then
Abhyanga & Swedana for three days. The medicine for purgation is to be given in early
morning at 6 AM preferably on empty stomach. Usually the purgation will start after three
hours. Warm water may be given in small doses, when the patient feels thirsty or the urge for
evacuation is not felt sufficient. Cold water should be used for drinking when the preparation of
Jayaphala is used for purgation. When the evacuation of bowel is complete as per the lakshanas
30 v/kksHkkxa fojspu laKde~AA
r}f}jspua fiÙks fo’ks”ks.k rq oke;sr~A
¼vñ âñ lwñ] 18@1½
27
described for Samyak virechana31 , the patient is advised to take complete rest. Thereafter
Samsarjana krama32 is to be followed as per the directions of the physician. Assessment criteria
of virechana procedure are elaborately mentioned in the classics33
(Jaghanya- 10 Vegas, Madhyama- 20 Vegas, Pravara- 30 Vegas).
Indications34:
Gastrointestinal disorders - Constipation, Krimi (Worm infestation), Kamala
(Jaundice)
Dermatological disorders - Eczema, Allergic dermatitis etc.
Other major conditions - Pakshaghat (Hemiplegia), Jeerna Jwara (Chronic fever),
Madhumeha (Diabetes), Arbuda (Tumour), Tamak
Shwasa (Bronchial Asthma), Galganda (Goitre), etc.
Contraindications35:
Navajwara (Acute fevers)
Krisha (Emaciated patients)
Rajayakshma (Tuberculosis)
Garbhini (Pregnant women)
Hridroga (Cardiac problems)
Complications:
The complications during Virechana therapy may be in the form of Ayoga / Atiyoga.
Symptoms of Ayoga:
1. Hridya Ashuddhi (Heaviness of Precordium)
31 fiÙkkolkua oeua fojsdkn)Za dQkUra p fojsdekgq%A
f}=ku~ lfoV~dkuiuh; osxku~ es;a fojsds] oeus rq ihre~AA
¼vñ âñ lwñ] 18@32½
32 is;ka foysihed`ra d`ra p] ;w”ka jla =huqHk;a rFkSde~A
Øes.k lsosr ujks∙Uudkyku~] ç/kkue/;k∙oj’kqf)’kq)%A
¼vñ âñ lwñ] 18@29½
33 n’kSo rs f}f=xq.kk fojsds çLFkLrFkk L;kn~ f}prqxqZ.kÜpAA31AA
+ + + + + dQkUra p fojsdekgq%A + + + +fo=ku~ lfoV~dkuiuhrosxku~ es;a fojsds] + + + +
¼vñ âñ lwñ] 18@32½
34 fojsdlkè;k xqYek’kksZ ------------------------ dks”Bxk% d`e;ks oz.kk%
¼vñ âñ lwñ] 18@8&9½
35 + + + +u rq jsP;k uoTojh
vYikXU;/kksxfiRrklz{krik¸ofrlkfj.k%A
l’kY;LFkkfirØwjdks”BkfrfLuX/k’kksf”k.k%A
¼vñ âñ lwñ] 18@10&11½
28
2. Udara Ashuddhi (heaviness of abdomen)
3. Aruchi (Anorexia)
4. Kapha-pitta ulklesha
5. Kandu (itching)
6. Daha (burning sensation)
7. Pitika (eruptions)
8. Peenasa (sinusitis)
9. Obstruction of Vata & Mala
Symptoms of Samyak virechana36
The symptoms of Samyak virechana are opposite to that of Ayoga.
Symptoms of Atiyoga
1. Malena
2. Prolapse of rectum
3. Thirst
4. Giddiness
5. Sunken eyes
Scientific observations
This process cleans the channels by the removal of accumulated waste products,
undigested material and the toxins mainly from the gut (Gastrointestinal tract). It enhances the
appetite, power of digestion and absorption of food.
Benefits of Samshodhana37:
Samshodhana (Vamana & Virechana) procedures provide the following benefits:
* Clarity of the mind
* Strength to the sense organs
* Stability to the tissues
* Improves the digestion
* Slows down the Ageing process
36 âRdq{;’kqf)j#fp#RDys’k% ‘ys”efiÙk;ks%AA38AA
d.MqfoZnkg% fiVdk% ihulks okrfoM~xzg%A v;ksxy{k.ke~&
& ;ksxks oSijhR;s ;Fkksfnrkr~AA39AA
¼vñ âñ lwñ] 18@38&39½
37 cqf)çlkna cyfefUnz;k.kka /kkrqfLFkjRoa ToyuL; nhfIre~A
fpjkPp ikda o;l% djksfr la’kks/kua lE;xqikL;ekue~AA60AA
¼vñ âñ lwñ] 18@60½
29
VASTI (MEDICATED ENEMA)
Vastikarma is the procedure by which the medicines in suspension form are
administered through rectum or genitourinary tract using Vastiyantra38. It is the most important
procedure among Panchakarma procedures and the most appropriate remedial measure for
Vatadosha..
Materials and Equipments:
Vastiputaka (Bladder or polythene bag approx. 1.5 Lt. capacity) - 1
Vasti netra (Nozzle) - 1
Lavatory facilities
Others (thread, vessels, churner, heating apparatus, table/ bench, towel, hot water for
bath etc.)
Medicines- usual ingredients:
Medicated oils for Abhyanga
Swedana Karma materials
Medicated oils for Vasti
Kwatha (Decoction) & Kalka (Paste) made from prescribed medicines –
Madhu (Honey)
Saindhava (Rock-salt)
Man Power:
Ayurvedic Physician : 1
Masseur : 1
Types of Vasti (Classified into many ways):
According to the nature of medicine used, two types of enemas are:
Astapana/Kashaya/ Niruha Vasti - Decoction based enema
Anuvasana/ Sneha Vasti - Oil based enema
Matra (dose) of Vasti dravyas:
It depends upon age, sex, strength (bala) of the patient and state of Doshas / disease.
Apparatus for Vasti:
Vasti yantra is composed of a Vastiputaka (animal bladder/polythene bag) and Vastinetra or
nozzle made up of metals like gold, silver, copper, etc. (Charak Siddhi 3/7). The length of
Vastinetra may be 6 to12 fingers according to age of the patient (Sushrut Cikitsa 35/8)
38 cfLrfHknhZ;rs ;Lekr~ rLekr~ cfLrfjfr Le`r%
¼'kkñ mñ [kañ 5&1½
30
1. NIRUHA VASTI/ KASHAYA VASTI (DECOCTION ENEMA):
Decoction enema is given before meals (i.e. 8-9 AM) and usually consists of
Medicated oil/ghee : 240ml
Madhu (Honey) : 180ml
Decoction made from prescribed drugs : 480ml
Shatahwa kalka : 30gm
Rock-salt : 15gm
Preparation of Vasti dravya39
Powdered rock-salt is added to honey and stirred in a clean vessel with a pestle. Oil is
added to this mixture little by little and again stirred. Then paste of Shatahwa followed by
decoction is to be added little by little quantity and mixed properly to make homogenous
emulsion, and heated gently in a water bath (slightly above body temperature). This mixture is
poured into a Vastiputaka (polythene bag/ animal bladder) and fixed with Vasti Netra (tied by
using thread).
Procedure40:
Having undergone Abhyanga and Swedana, the patient is advised to lie down in left
lateral position. Apply little quantity of oil on patient’s anus and nozzle of Vasti yantra. The
nozzle is gently inserted into the anal canal up to a specific length and Vastiputaka containing
mixture is pressed with a uniform pressure. The pressure is continued till only small quantity of
fluid remains in the bag (to avoid air insertion). Then the nozzle is removed gently and the
patient is allowed to lie down on supine position till he feels urge to excrete.
The Vasti dravya along with faeces normally comes out within 10 minutes when a full
dose of Niruha Vasti is given. The maximum time specified for retention of Vastidravya is 48
minutes41. After evacuation of the bowel, the patient may take hot water bath and semi solid
diet.
Usually Niruha Vastis are not to be given alone. Wherever required, Niruha Vasti must
be given alternatively with Snehavasti. Arrangement of SnehaVastis in the beginning, Niruha
Vastis and SnehaVastis alternatively later followed by SnehaVastis in the last is done in three
specific patterns according to total number of Vastis, the severity of disease and condition of the
patient etc. These are known as:
39 ekf{kda yo.ka Lusga dYda DokFkfefr Øekr~ AA
vkoisr fu:gk.kkes"k la;kstus fof/k%
¼vñ âñ lwñ 19@45½
40 rykDrxk=a d`rew=foV~da ukfr{kq/kkrZa ‘k;us euq”;e~A
les·Fkos”kUur’kh”kZd ok ukR;qfPNzrs LokLrj.kks iiUusAA
¼pñflñ3@17½
41 vkxrkS ije% dkykS eqgwrksZ e`R;os ije~AA
¼vñ âñ lwñ 19@47½
31
Karmavasti 42- 30 in number (12 Niruha, 18 Anuvasana)
Kalavasti 43 - 16 in number (6 Niruha, 10 Anuvasana)
Yogavasti - 8 in number (3 Niruha, 5 Anuvasana).
Commonly used Vasti Yogas:
Madhutailika vasti
Bala guduchyadi vasti
Patolanimbadi vasti
Vaitarana vasti
Indications44:
Neurological disorders - Hemiplegia, Paraplegia, Sciatica, parkinson’s
disease etc.
Rheumotological disorders - Gout, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Lumbago, Osteo
Arthritis, Myalgia etc.
Digestive disorders
Chronic Fever
Secondary Amenorrhea, etc.
Contraindications45:
Urakshata (Chest Injuries)
Krisha (Emaciated body)
Amatisara (Diarrhoea with mucus)
Chhardi (Vomiting)
Kasa (Cough)
Swasa (Asthma)
Madhumeha (Diabetes)
Arsha (Piles)
42 izkDLusg ,d% iapkUrs }kn’kkLFkkiukfu pA
lkUoklukfu deSZoa oLr;fL=a’knhfjrk%AA
¼vñ âñ lwñ 19@63½
43 dky% iapn’kSdks·= izkd~ Lusgks·Urs =;LrFkkA
“kV~ iapoLR;Urfjrk ;ksxks·Vks oLr;ks·=rqAA
¼vñ âñ lwñ 19@64½
44 ‘ks”kkLRokLFkkI;k% fo’ks”krLrq ---------------- iz/kkurefeR;qäa ouLifr ewyPNsnor~AA
¼pñ flñ 2@16½
45 vukLFkI;kLRofrfLuX/k% {krksjLdks Hk`’ka d`’ka%A
vkekfrlkjh ofeeku~ la’kq)kSnRrukou~ AA
‘okldklçlsdk’kksZfg/ek/ekukYiogu;%A ‘kwuik;q% d`rkgkjks c)fPNnªksndksnjhAA
dq"Bh p e/kqesgh p eklku~ lIr p xfHkZ.khA
¼vñ âñ lwñ] 19@4&5½
32
Shoona Payu (Inflammed Anus)
Kritahara (Immediately after taking food)
Udakodara (Ascitis)
Garbhini (Pregnant woman)
2. SNEHA VASTI (OIL ENEMA):
Administration of medicated oil through anal /genitourinary route is called Sneha vasti.
The dosage through anal route may vary from 100 ml to 250 ml according to the Doshika
predominance, disease condition / patient’s condition etc. The usual time of administration is
after noon immediately after lunch.
Procedure:
After Abhyanga and Swedana, the patient is advised to lie down in left lateral position.
The Vastidravya (Sneha) is administered in similar manner as Niruha vasti. As it is a retention
enema, the contents should be allowed to retain inside for a minimum period of three hours and
all efforts are to be done for the same. It is not harmful even though it is retained for one day.
Indications46:
Neurological & Arthritic conditions - Katishoola (backaches), Gridhrasi
(Sciatica) and other Vata vyadhis
Jeerna Jwara (chronic fevers)
Contraindications47:
Arsha (Piles)
Bhagandara (Fistula)
Raktapitta (bleeding disorders)
Navajwara (Acute fever)
Pushpita (menstrual period)
Pandu (Anemia)
Kamla (Jaundice)
Prameha (Diabetes)
Peenasa (Sinusitis)
Sthoola (Obese)
Krimi Koshtha (Worm infestation)
Galganda (Thyroid disorders)
Shlipada (Filariasis)
46 ; ,okLFkkI;kLr ,okuqokL;k% fo’ks”krLrq #{krh{.kkXu;%
dsoyokrjksxkrkZ’p% ,rs”kq áuqoklua iz/kkurefeR;qäa ewysnzqeizlsdor~AA
¼pñ flñ 2@19½
47 ; ,okukLFkkI;kLr ,okuuqokL;k% L;q% --------------- xq#dks”B‘yhinxyx.MkifpfØfedksf”Bu%
¼pñ flñ 2@17½
MATRA VASTI48:
Matra vasti is the method of administration of medicated oil in small dose, which
can be given daily and is totally harm less. It is a type of Sneha Vasti and indications are
similar to Snehavasti. It can be indicated irrespective of age and no precautionary
measures are required. The usual dosage is 60 ml.
Indications:
Vyayama (excess physical and mental exertion)
Madyapana (Alcoholism)
Dourbhalya (Debility)
Vataroga (Neurological disorders)
Bala, Vriddha (Children & Elderly persons) etc.
Complications during Vasti Cikitsa:
The complications of Vasti are dealt in detail in texts (Caraka Samhita Siddhi Sthana)
There are:
Doshas (defects) of Netra (nozzle) – 8 types
Doshas of vasti - 8 types
Doshas of vastidata (technician) – 10 types
Snehavasti vyapat – 6 types
These may result into various symptoms related with:
Local anal injury
GIT symptoms like pain abdomen, vomiting etc.
Generalized symptoms like murchha, angamarda etc.
Management is done accordingly.
48 deZO;k;keHkkjk/o;k ¼ik½ uL=hdf”kZrs”kq pA
nqcZys okrHkXus p ek=kofLr% lnk er%AA
¼pñ lñ flñ 4@52½
34
VASTI DRAVYAS
VASTI YANTRA
VASTI YANTRA
35
VASTI KARMA
VASTI KARMA (MEDICATED ENEMA)
NASYA (NASAL INSUFFLATIONS)
36
NASYA (NASAL INSUFFLATIONS)
Administration of medicines through nostrils is called Nasya. Nasya is indicated
mainly in aggravated and accumulated Doshas of head and neck49.
Materials and Equipments:
Chair
Droni/ Panchakarma table
Gokarna (special type of vessel)
Oil for massage
Towel
Medicines:
Commonly used oils are-
Dhanvantara taila
Anu taila
Ksheera Bala taila
Shadbindu taila etc.
Medicated Powder in Pradhamana Nasya
Medicated Juice in Avapida Nasya
Medicated Smoke in Dhooma Nasya
Types of Nasya: 50
1. Snehanasya
(a) Marsha Nasya (b) Pratimarsha Nasya
2. Avapida nasya (when kalka/swarasa of leaf/ fruit etc. are used)
3. Shirovirechana nasya (when tikshna dravyas are used)
4. Pradhamana nasya (insufflations of drug-powder )
Types of Nasya (according to action):
1.Virechana Nasya
2.Brimhana Nasya
3.Shamana Nasya
49 vkS"k/ke~ vkS"k/k fl)ks ok Lusgks ukfldkH;ka nh;rs bfr uL;e~ AA
¼lqñ fpñ 40@21½
Å/oZ t=qfodkjs"kq fo'ks"kkUuL;fe";rs A
uklkfg f'kjlks }kja rsu rn~O;kIr gfUr rku~ AA
¼vñ âñ lwñ 20@1½
50 e’kZÜp izfre’kZÜp f}/kk Lusgks·= ek=k;kA dYdk|SjoihMLrq l rh{.kSewZ)ZjspuS% /ekua fojspuÜpw.kksZ
¼vñ âñ lwñ 20@7½
37
Man power:
Ayurvedic Physician : 1
Masseur : 1
Doses of Nasya:
Matra Marsha Avapida
Uttama matra 10 drops 8 drops
Madhyam matra 8 drops 6 drops
Hriswa matra 6 drops 4 drops
Pratimarsha nasya matra: 2 drops
Time of Pratimarsha nasya51
1. In the night
2. In the day
3. After food
4. After Vamana
5. After day sleep
6. After traveling
7. After exhaustion
8. After sexual relation
9. After Siroabhyanga (head massage)
10. After Gandoosha (gargles)
11. After urination
12. After Anjana
13. After defecation
14. After teeth cleaning
15. After laughing
Procedure:
The patient should sit or lie down in a comfortable posture. He has to undergo
gentle massage over the head, forehead and face followed by mild Swedana. Slightly
warm oil should be instilled in the prescribed dose in each nostril. Gentle massage is to
be performed on the plantar and palmar regions, shoulder and back. The patient is
allowed to spit if patient feels discomfort due to oil in the throat. After completion of the
procedure, oil on the face is to be wiped off and complete rest is advised to the patient.
Gargling with hot water may follow.
Dhoomapana (inhalation of medicated smoke) through mouth may be given after Nasya.
Dose of the oil: 4-8 drops per sitting.
51 fu’kkgHkZqäokUrkg% LoIuk/oJejsrlke~A
f’kjksH;atux.Mw”kizlzkokatuopZlke~AA
¼vñ âñ lwñ 20@28½
38
Duration of the treatment: 7-14 days.
Indications52:
Shirashula (Headache)
Udharwajatrugata- Roga (E.N.T. diseases)
Ardita (Facial paralysis)
Manyastambha (Cervical spondylitiss)
Timira (cataract)
Vyanga (Hyper pigmentation)
Contraindications53:
Pregnancy
Immediately after taking food, water, alcohol etc.
Ajeerna (Indigestion)
52 ‘ks”kkLRogkZ%] fo’ks”krLrq f’kjksnUreU;kLrEHk ----------- dsoya fodkjdja nks”keid”kZfrA
¼pñ flñ 2@22½
53 vf’kjksfojspukgkZLrq vthf.kZHkqäHkDrihrLusg ---------- vu`rkSnqfnZuspsfrAA
¼pñ flñ 2@20½
39
NASYA
DHOOM AFTER NASYA
40
ABHYANGA (MASSAGE)
Abhyanga can be defined as the procedure of application of Sneha Dravya over
the body with mild pressure. Abhyanga word is derived from Abhi’ upsarga and ‘anga’
dhatu. Thus taila/ghrita/vasa etc. are rubbed over the body in directions comfortable to
the patient. It improves strength and alleviates Vata. Abhyanga is a type of Bahya
Snehana. It can be performed as therapeutic procedure as well as preventive procedure.
Materials and Equipments:
Abhyanga table - 1
Medicated oil - 100 to 150ml
Vessel - 200ml. capacity
Tissue paper/soft towel
Green gram powder/ Medicated Snana Churna/ Medicated soap
Oils commonly used in the Abhyanga:
Masha taila
Narayana taila
Dhanvantara taila
Karpasasthyadi taila
Ksheera bala taila etc.
Man power:
Ayurvedic Physician : 1
Masseur : 2
Procedure:
The patient is made to sit on the Abhyanga table with leg extended. The oil is to
be heated to optimum temperature and applied over the head, ears, and soles of feet. Then
the oil should be applied uniformly with mild pressure over the body by two masseurs
standing on both sides of the table. Massage is to be started from scalp, head and move
down to neck, upper back, shoulders, upper arms, fore arms, hands and then chest,
abdomen, low back and lower limbs.
Abhyanga should be done in sitting, supine, right lateral and left lateral positions
and prone position. At the end of the procedure the oil on the body is wiped off with
tissue paper or towels.
Duration:
Usually 30 - 40 minutes.
Post operative procedure
Patient should take complete rest for half to one hour in a comfortable manner.
Bath can be taken with hot water and medicated powder (Snana churna) or soap may be
used to remove the oil and to clean the body. Light semisolid digestible diet may be
advised after bath.
41
Indications:
Neuromuscular disorders - Pakshavadha (Hemiplegia), Shaishaveeya-
vata (Poliomyeliti Pangu (paraplegia) and
Gridhrasi (Sciatica)etc.
Rheumotological problems- Arthritis, Lumbago etc.
Vriddhavastha (Old age)
Shirahshula (Headache)
Angamarda (Bodyache)
Rejuvenation of the body
Contraindications: 54
Navajwara (Acute fevers)
Ajeerna (Indigestion)
Raktapitta (Hemorrhagic disorders)
Atisara (Diarrhoea)
Immediately after Panchakarma
Actions55:
It provides smoothness and improves luster of the skin.
It takes care of body-exhaustion
It controls Vata (Neurological disorders)
It improves vision
It induces sound sleep
It strengthens the body and gives longevity
Scientific explanation:
The Abhyanga with oils provides stimulation to the nerves. It improves the
sensory motor integration. It also gives passive exercise to the muscles thereby
strengthening them. The gentle pressure used during massage relaxes the muscles.
Abhyanga also removes skin dryness and improves skin lustre.
54 oT;ksZ·H;ax dQxzLr d`r la’kq);thf.kZfHk%AA
¼vñ âñ lwñ 2@9½
55 vH;axekpjsfUuR;a l tjkJeokrgk A
n`f"V izlkn iq"V;k;q%LoIulqRoDRonk<;Zd`r AA
f'kj% Jo.k ikns"kq ra fo'ks"ks.k 'khy;sr~ A
¼v- â-- lw- 2@8&9½
42
ABHYANGA (IN VARIOUS POSITIONS)
ABHYANG IN VARIOUS POSITIONS
43
ABHYANG IN VARIOUS POSITIONS
44
KAYASEKA (PIZICHIL)
Kayaseka or Pizhichil with oil is a modified form of Parisheka Sweda developed
as a specialty of Kerala. Pizhichil is the process by which the body is made to perspire by
means of pouring warm medicated oil in a specific manner. It is a preparatory procedure
of Panchakarma which has the advantage of producing Snehana and Swedana effect at
the same moment.
Materials and Equipments:
Panchakarma Droni (Dhara table) - 1
Pillow (soft and comfortable) - 1
Cotton cloth (40X40 cms) - 4 pieces
Vessels 5 liter capacity - 4 no.
Warm water for bath
Towel/ tissue paper to wipe the oil from the body
Heating arrangements (stove etc.)
Piece of cloth rolled lengthwise, to be tied around the forehead to prevent flow of
oil to the eyes.
Medicines:
Medicated oil as per the prescription of physician. - 5 to 6 liters
Medicated oil for head - 10ml
Rasnadi churna - 5gms
Gandharva hasthadi kashaya - 60ml
Man Power:
Ayurvedic Physician : 1
Masseurs : 2
Attendant ; 2
Procedure:
The patient should be made to sit on the Droni with legs extended. Cotton swab
(Taila Pichu) is to be applied over the scalp after soaking in suitable oil and
Karnapurana (application of oil in the ears) is to be done. The rolled cotton cloth has to
be tied above the ears around the head at the level of forehead. Ears should be plugged
with cotton and oil is to be applied all over the body. Gentle massage is to be performed
by two masseurs attending either side of the patient.
45
The oil for Kayaseka is to be heated by keeping the vessel on a hot water bath.
The temperature of oil must be comfortable to the patient. Then piece of cloth is to be
dipped in the warm oil and squeezed over body with the right hand .Simultaneously
gentle massage is done with left hand. The oil should flow in uniform stream from the
thumb facing down wards from a height 12 to 20 cms. or as per the condition of the
disease / patient. The process is to be continued in seven positions as given below.
Positions for Kayaseka:
Basically three positions Sitting, Supine and prone are described but practically
following seven positions can be followed:
1. Sitting 2. Supine 3. Left lateral
4. Prone 5. Right lateral 6. Supine
7. Sitting
Post process measures:
After Kayaseka, the body of the patient is to be massaged gently and oil to be
wiped off with clean towel over the scalp and body. Then fresh oil is to be applied all
over the body and covered with blanket or cotton cloth. Rest is advised for few minutes
followed by hot water bath. Rasnadi Churna is to be applied over the scalp and
Gandharva hasthadi kwatha (60 ml) is to be given orally.
Duration:
The duration of the procedure may be 45 to 60 minutes and usually performed for
7, 14 or 21 days according to the condition of the disease/ patient.
Use of Oil:
It is desirable to use fresh medicated oil for Kayaseka every day. But as it is very
costly, the same oil may be reheated, filtered and used for further three days. Another
quantity of fresh oil is again to be taken and used as before for the next three days. The
quantity of oil preserved after 1st and 2nd course of treatment can be used for the 7th day
after heating and removing the sediments. Being completed the course of seven days; the
residual oil is to be discarded.
Indications:
Neuromuscular disorders - Hemiplegia, Paraplegia, Peripheral
Neuropathy and other Degenerative conditions,
Muscular and Ligamentous injuries
46
Orthopaedic &
Rheumatological problems - Rheumatoid Arthritis Osteoarthritis, other
Degenerative joint disorders, Contusion injuries,
Post fracture stiffness of joints, Dislocation of joints
Rejuvenation therapy
Contraindications:
Painful inflammatory conditions
Acute stages of fever
Gastro intestinal problems - Diarrhoea, Digestive disorders etc,
Respiratory disorders - Cough, Breathing difficulty, Infections etc
Dietary regimen:
Normal diet can be prescribed. For rejuvenation, meat soups can also be given.
Scientific explanation56:
This process stimulates neuromuscular system; increases the peripheral
circulation, improves the functions of skin, sense organs and provides nourishment.
56 /kkrwuka n`<+rka djksfr o`"krka nsgkfXu o.kkSZtlk A
LFkS;aZ ikVofEkafnz;L; tjlks ek/ka fpjathfore~ AA
vLFkkuka Hkxzeikdjf"k furjka nks"kku~ lehjkfndku~ A
loZLusgd`rk lq[kks".k lqHkxk lokZax/kkjk u`.kke~ AA
¼/kkjkdYi&2½
47
KAYASEKA (PIZICHIL)
48
SHASHTIKA SHALI PINDA SWEDA (NAVARAKIZHI)
Shashtikashali pinda sweda also known as Navarakizhi is a Kerala specialty of
treatment in which the whole body or any specific part is made to perspire by the
application of heated medicinal rice (Navara) puddings externally in the form of boluses
tied up in a cotton cloth57.
Materials and Equipments:
Panchakarma Droni - 1
Gas Stove - 1
Vessels - 2 or 3
Cotton pieces (1ft x 1 ft) - 4 no.
Cotton thread - 2mtrs
Palm leaves -8-10 in No.
Towel
Hot water for bath
Medicated oils commonly used for Abhyanga:
Mahamasha taila
Dhanwantara taila
Ksheera bala taila
Karpasasthyadi taila
Ashvagandha Bala taila
Quantity required: approx.100ml
Medicated kwatha:
Dashmoola Kwatha/ Balamoola Kwatha – 3 litres
Gandharva Hastadi Kwatha – 60ml (orally)
Amalaki Kalka (paste of Emblica officinalis):
Paste prepared after boiling in butter milk – 100gm
57 fryek”kdqyRFkkEy ?k`rrSykfHk”kkSnuS%A
ik;lS% d`’kjSekalS% fi.MLosna iz;kst;sr~AA
¼pñ lwñ 14@25½
49
Others:
Cows milk – 3 litres
Shastika shali (Special variety of rice) – 300 to 500gm
Man power:
Ayurvedic Physician : 1
Masseur : 2
Attendant : 2
Mode of administration/ procedure58:
300 to 500gm of Shashtika shali (specific variety of rice, which is yielded after 60
days) is cooked with 1.5 liters of milk and decoction of Balamoola (root of Sida
cordifolia) or Dashamoola. This mixture is to be kept in four pieces of cloth to make 4
boluses. Another portion of decoction and milk of the same quantity should be mixed
and heated in low temperature to dip the above boluses for warming the Pottali (Kizhi).
The patient should be properly massaged with suitable warm oil all over the body
and head. The paste of Amalaki Kalka should be applied on the scalp. The warm
Pottalis (kizhi) should be gently applied in synchronized manner by two masseurs on two
sides of droni. They should ensure that the heat of the boluses is bearable to the patient
by touching them over the dorsum of their hand. The temperature of the boluses should
be maintained throughout the procedure by continuous use of four boluses. The process
should be continued till the patient gets Samyak Swinna Lakshana59. This process is also
done in seven positions as in Kayaseka or as per the requirement.
58 la'kksf/krkuka dqMo};a&izkd~ la'kksf/kre~ "kf"Vd raMqykuke~
cyd"kk;s i;lk ;qrRoku~ foikp;sr~ "kM+xqf.krs ;Fkkor~ raMqykuke~ A
fiaMku~ fon/;kn~ vequk"VpSdk [k.Ms"kq uwrus"kq lqlqozc)ku~ A
foikP;ekus DofFkrs cyk;k f{kisn/kSuku~ i;lk lesrs AA
vHkh{.k fo{ksidoksf".krSLrS% foH;"; e`nuku~ ;Fkksins'ke~ A
'kqHkseqgwrsZ d`riwT;iwta ;FkksDrLrSykdr ruqa euq";e~ AA
;kek}Zdkysu lekfIresfr ;Fkkd"kk;% liLd ,"ks% A
rFkk ipsr~ r= e`nqf{kisPp fiaMku~ lq[kks".kh dj.kk; rs"kka
Åukiuh;f[ky ysieaxk;FkkLorSykftZrloZxk%
Lukr% lq[kks".ksu tysu iF;Hkksth Hktsr~ Lusgfo/kku peZRew
¼vk;qosZfnd VªhVesUV vkWQ dsjy i`0 5&6½
59 ‘khr’kwyC;qijes LrEHkxkSjofuxzgsA
latkrs eknZos Losns Losnukf}jfrZeZrkAA
¼pñ lwñ 14@13½
50
Post operative procedure:
At the end of the procedure, the paste of medicine remaining over the body should
be scrapped off with palm leaves or in similar way and the body should be wiped off with
dry soft towels. Then Taila swab is to be removed and Rasnadi churna is applied over the
scalp. Medicated oil should be applied over the body and Gandharva hasthadi kwatha is
given orally. The patient should take complete rest for at least half an hour and then take
a bath with warm water.
Duration:
The total duration of the procedure may be 45 to 60 minutes. The procedure is
usually performed for 7, 14 or 21 days according to the requirement.
Indications:
Neuromuscular disorders - Hemiplegia, Paraplegia, Muscular wasting
Diseases of joints -Osteoarthritis and other degenerative conditions
Rejuvenation therapy
Contraindications:
Acute fever
Inflammatory and painful conditions, Myalgia
Gastro intestinal problems like Diarrhoea, digestive disorders etc,
Respiratory disorders - Cough, Breathing difficulty, Infections etc
Dietary regimen:
Light vegetarian diets consisting of liquids or semisolids are usually prescribed
during the course of the treatment.
Scientific explanation:
By performing this procedure, massage, heat and pressure are provided to the
body simultaneously with nourishment to the muscles and nerve endings.
51
ITEMS FOR SHASTIKA SHALI PINDA SWEDA
52
SHALI SHASHTIKA PINDA SWEDA
53
AVAGAHA SWEDA (SITZ BATH)
Avagaha sweda is a type of Swedana (sudation) in which the patient is made to
sit/ lie in a tub containing medicated decoction for a certain period of time so as to give
fomentation to the body60.
Materials and Equipments:
Bath Tub (6ft x 2.6ft x1.4ft) - 1
Vessels - 2
Decoction of medicinal plants - 40-60 litres
Oil for Abhyanga - 100ml
Towel/ tissue paper
Medicines:
Usually the following Decoctions are used for this purpose
Sahachara kwatha
Nirgundi kwatha
Dashmoola kwatha
Man power:
Ayurvedic Physician : 1
Masseur : 2
Mode of administration/ procedure:
The patient should be massaged properly and advised to sit in the tub (containing
warm decoction) for 20 to 30 minutes. It should be ensured that the lower part of the
body is submerged in the decoction. To maintain continuous uniform temperature, fresh
warm liquid may be added to the decoction after small intervals. After completion of this
procedure, body should be wiped off. The patient should be advised to take hot water
bath followed by light food. Gandharva Hastadi Kwatha is to be given afterwards for
drinking. The treatment may be given for 3-7 days or as per Physician’s directives based
on patient/ disease condition.
60 rSjso ok nzoS% iw.ksZ dq.Ma lok±xs·fuys A
voxkákrqjfLr"Bsn'kZ% d`PNzkfn:{kq p AA
¼vñ âñ lwñ 17@11½
54
Indications:
Lumbo sacral pain and degenerative conditions
Neurological problems of hip and lower limbs
Lower gastro intestinal problems
Urogenital problems like renal calculi, retention of urine etc.
Bhagandara (Fistula-in-ano)
Arsha (Piles)
Contraindications:
Nava Jwara (Acute fevers)
Atisara (Diarrhoea)
Prasuta (Purpeurium)
Madhumeha (Diabetes)
Dietary regimen:
Light easily digestible diet preferably liquids and semisolids.
Scientific explanation:
This is a process in which stimulation to nerves and relaxation to muscles is
provided through heat and fomentation to the back, perineum, thighs and lower abdomen.
It is also a local treatment for Arsha (piles) and Bhagandara (fistula).
55
AVAGAHA SWEDA (SITZ BATH)
56
UPANAHA (POULTICE)
Upanaha is one type type of Swedana (sudation) in which the medicines are made
in to a paste after boiling with suitable liquid and applied over a specific area. It is to be
covered with Vatahara leaves and bandaged with thick cloth which can be removed after
12 hours. Acharya Chakrapani described the Upanaha sweda in to two types (i.e. Sagni,
Niragni).
Materials
Fine powder of prescribed drugs -50gms
Taila/ Ghrita -15-25 ml
Amla dravya
(Dhanyamla/ Curd) -50-100ml
Saindhava (rock salt) -20-30gms
Leaves of Eranda (Ricinus communis) QS
Thick cotton/ woolen cloth QS
Vessel -1
Stirrer (Spoon) -1
Man power:
Ayurvedic Physician : 1
Masseur : 1
Procedure61
Saindhava and powdered drugs are to be taken in a vessel along with sufficient
quantity of Taila/ Ghrita and Amla dravya and then heated. This mixture is stirred
continuously till it becomes thick paste. Warm oil should be applied in the area where
Upanaha is to be done. Then the above paste with bearable heat should be applied. The
area where the paste is applied should be covered with Eranda patra or other prescribed
leaves and bandage to be done with thick cotton cloth. This can be removed and cleaned
after 8 – 12 hours followed by oil to be applied.
61 miukgks opkfd.gkso’krºoknsonk#fHk%A
/kkU;S% leLrSxZU/kSÜo jkLuSj.MtVkfe”kS%AA
mfnªDryo.kS% LusgpqØi;%IyqrS%A
dsoys ious] ‘ys”elal`”Vs lqjlkfnfHk%AA
fiRrsu in~edk|SLrq lkYo.kk[;S% iqu% iqu%A
¼vñâñlwñ 17@2&3½
jk=kS c)a fnok eqUpsUeqUpsnªk=kS fnokd`re~A
fonkgifjgkjkFkZ] L;kr~ çd”kZLrq ‘khrysAA
¼pñ lñ lwñ 14@38½
57
Indications:
Head ache
Arthritis
Bursitis
Frozen shoulder
Varicose vein
Tumor
Plantar fascitis
Cervical spondylosis
Contraindications
Severe inflammation of skin
Infections
Diet:
Normal diet
Scientific observation:
It is a type of Swedana (sudation) that imparts heat to a specific area resulting into
reduction of swelling and pain. It improves the blood circulation and thus, mobilizes the
waste materials of that area.
58
PATRA PINDA SWEDA
Patra Pinda Sweda refers to the Swedana (sudation) performed by specially
prepared bolus of medicinal leaves62. In this process leaves of Vatahara drugs are cut into
pieces and fried with rock salt and suitable medicated oil. This hot mixture is tied in
cotton cloth as boluses for application over the body.
Materials and Equipments:
Panchakarma Droni - 1
Frying pan - 1
Vessels for heating - QS
Gas stove - 1
Ingredients:
Leaves of various herbs (chopped into pieces) -1 kg
Grated coconut -100 gms
Rock salt -15 gms
Lemons - 2
Medicated oil - 100ml
The leaves commonly used:
Eranda (Ricinus communis)
Amlika (Tamarindus indica)
Karanja (Pongamia glabra)
Shigru (Moringa oleifera)
Dhatura (Datura metel)
Arka (Calatropis procera)
Nirgundi (Vitex Negundo)
The Medicated Kwatha:
Gandharva Hastadi Kwatha – 60 ml. (orally)
62 Å"ek rwRdkfjdk yks"VdikyksiyikalqfHk% A
i=Hkaxsu /kkU;su djh"kfldrkrq"kS% AA
vusdksik;lUrIrS% iz;ksT;ks ns'kdkyr% A
¼vñ âñ lwñ 17@6&7½
59
Commonly used oils:
Karpasasthyadi taila
Kottamchukkadi taila
Balaashwagandhadi taila
Dhanwantara taila etc.
Man power:
Ayurvedic Physician : 1
Masseur : 2
Mode of administration/ procedure:
The leaves and lemon are cut into very small pieces and fried with medicated oil
and rock salt in a frying pan by giving proper heat. The mixture so prepared is put into a
small piece of cloth and tied up into two boluses. The bolus (pottali) should be gently
applied in synchronized manner. This bolus is applied hot to the skin already smeared
with warm medicated oil. To maintain its temperature, the bolus is intermittently kept
warm by heating on the frying pan.
Post operative procedure:
At the end of the procedure body should be wiped off with dry soft towel.
Gandharva Hastadi Kwatha is to be given orally. The patient should take complete rest
for at least an hour and then allowed to take bath with warm water.
Indications:
Neuro muscular disorders - Pakshavadha (Hemiplegia), Gridhrasi (Sciatica)
Rheumatological conditions - Arthritis due to various reasons-Amavata,
Sandhivata, Katishula, Avabahuka etc.
Contraindications:
Taruna Jwara (Acute fever)
Atisara (Diarrhoea)
Raktapitta (Hemorrhagic disorders)
Twak Vikara (Infective eczema, Psoriasis etc.)
Dietary regimen:
Light diet preferably liquids and semisolids.
Scientific explanation:
It is a kind of Swedana (sudation) where heat, pressure and oil are applied
simultaneously with some Vatahara drugs. So this may stimulate and strengthen
neuromuscular system resulting in reduction of pain and inflammation.
60
INGREDIENTS FOR PATRAPINDA SWEDA
61
PATRA PINDA SWEDA
CHURNA SWEDA
62
Churna Sweda is a kind of Swedana (sudation) given by powder of various herbs
made as pottalis (bolus) and application of these pottalis over the body after heating.
Materials and Equipments:
Medicinal powder : 200-400gm
Lemon : 2-4 pieces
Rock Salt : 15-30 grams
Oil : 25-50 ml
Gas stove : 1
Others - Cotton cloth, thread, Panchakarma Droni, frying pan, big spoon
Medicines:
Any of the following
Kola Kulutthadi churna
Jatamayadi churna
Tilamashadi churna
The Medicated Kwatha:
Gandharva Hastadi Kwatha – 60 ml. (orally)
Commonly used oils:
Karpasasthyadi taila
Kottamchukkadi taila
Balaashwagandhadi taila
Dhanwantara taila etc.
Man Power
Ayurvedic Physician : 1
Masseur : 2
Mode of administration/ procedure:
Powder of medicinal plants/ seeds, lemon, rock salt are mixed together and fried
with medicated oil. This mixture is tied up in a cotton cloth to prepare a bolus.. This
bolus is heated in oil and applied with mild pressure over the body after gentle massage.
Post operative procedure:
At the end of the procedure body should be wiped off with dry soft towel.
Gandharva Hastadi Kwatha is to be given orally. The patient should take complete rest
for at least an hour and then allowed to take bath with warm water.
Indications:
63
Neuro muscular disorders - Myalgia, Gridhrasi (Sciatica) etc
Rheumatological conditions- Arthritis due to various causes
Cervical spondylitis
Contraindications:
Acute inflammatory conditions
Acute fevers
Haemorrhagic disorders
Pregnancy
Dietary regimen:
Light food preferably liquids and semisolids
Scientific explanation:
It is a kind of fomentation that stimulates nerve endings, relaxes muscles and
relieves pain.
64
SHIRODHARA
Shirodhara is a type of Murdha taila63 (Application of oil to the Head/ scalp), in
which prescribed medicated oil/ liquid is continuously poured over the forehead and then
allowed to flow over the scalp from a specific height for a certain period of time.
Materials and Equipments:
Shirodhara device – 1
Dhara table – 1
Suitable liquids for Shirodhara – 3 litres
Medicines:
Any of the following:
Oils:
Karpasasthyadi taila
Ksheera bala taila
Chandadi taila
Dhanvantara taila
Narayana taila.
Other liquids:
Buttermilk prepared with Amalaki (Emblica officinalis).
Decoction of Yashtimadhu (Glycyrrhiza glabra)
Milk
Coconut water
Man Power:
Ayurvedic Physician : 1
Attendant : 2
Mode of administration/procedure:
The patient is to be massaged on the head with suitable oil. In certain cases whole
body massage is also done before Shirodhara. Patient should lie in supine position on the
Droni with a pillow under the neck and the Shirodhara device is placed over the head. Its
height is fixed in such a way that suitably warm oil/ medicated liquids should fall from a
height of 8 to 10 cm in a continuous stream of the thickness of a little finger over the
forehead. The oil/ liquid poured is recollected and reheated just above the body
63 vH;XM+lsdfipoks cfLrÜpsfr prqfoZ/ke~A
ew/kZrSye~ cgqxq.ka rf}|knqRrjksRrje~AA
¼vñ âñ lwñ 22@23½
65
temperature and again poured in the Dhara Patram. The attendant should move the
vessel to both sides of the fore head so that the flow of liquid reaches both sides properly.
After this process, the oil is to be wiped off and the patient is advised to take bath with
medicated warm water after half an hour.
Duration:
It may be done for 7, 14 or 21 days as per the severity of the disease.
Indications64:
Cerebrovascular disorders - Hemiplegia
Cerebral palsy
Facial palsy
Headache
Insomnia
Cervical Spondylitis
Anxiety Neurosis
Other psychological disorders
Eye diseases of neurological origin etc.
Contraindications:
Space occupying lesion in the brain
Glaucoma
Fever
Conjunctivitis
Inflammatory conditions of head
Dietary regimen:
Light diet, preferably semisolids and liquids
Scientific explanation:
Constant flow of liquid in a specified manner relaxes the mind, calms and
tranquillizes the patients. It pacifies Vata.
64 v#af"kdkf'kjLrksnnkgikdoz.ks"kq rq A
ifj"ksd% fipq% ds'kk'kkrLQqVu/kwius AA
¼vñ âñ lwñ 22@24½
66
MATERIALS FOR SHIRODHARA
67
SHIRODHARA
68
SHIROLEPANA
Shirolepana is a procedure of application of paste of medicines on head for a
specific period of time.
Materials Required:
Musta (Cyperus rotundus) 10-20gm.
Dried Dhatri phala (Emblica officinalis) - 250 gm
Takra (Butter milk) - 500 ml.
Taila (Suitable oil) - 20 ml.
Lotus leaves - QS
Rasnadi Choorna (Pluchea lanceolata) - QS
Preparation of Takra & Paste:
Milk is boiled with Musta (Cyperus rotundus).Curd is made from this boiled and
cooled milk. Takra is prepared from this curd and Amalaki (Emblica officinalis) is to be
soaked in Takra for over night. The next day paste is prepared from this mixture.
Preparation of the patient & Procedure:
The head of the patient is to be shaved and medicated oil applied over the body
and scalp. Patient has to sit comfortably in a chair and Varti is to be tied around his head.
Thereafter paste should be applied on his head with a thickness of 3 inches. At the center,
a dip (trench) is made and taila is poured into it. Lotus leaves are to be covered on the
applied paste and tied around the head. After one hour, lotus leaves and the paste should
be removed. Afterwards head is to be washed and Rasnadi Choorna is to be applied.
Man power:
Ayurvedic physician : 1
Attendant : 1
Time and duration:
Morning, between 8 AM to 10 AM for one hour daily.
The course of treatment may be continued for 7 days or 14 days.
Indications: 65
Nidranasa (Sleeplessness)
Shirahshula (Headache)
Pitta Raktaja Shirorogas
Twak Rogas (Psoriasis, Eczema etc.)
65 fiÙkjäleqRFkkukS f’kjksjksxkS fuokj;sr~ f’kjksySiS% llfiZ”dS% ifj”ksdS’p’khryS%A
{khjs{kqjl/kkU;kEyeLrq{kkSnzflrk tyS%AA
¼lwñ mñ 26@12&13½
69
Contraindications:
Cold, Fever, Sinusitis and other inflammatory conditions.
Diet:
Normal diet
Scientific observation:
It provides tranquility to the head and brain soothes the mind and nourishes the
brain cells. It is found very effective in mental retardation, loss of memory and in
psychiatric problems.
70
SHIROVASTI
Shirovasti is a type of Murdha taila66, in which the medicated oil is kept over the
head with the help of a cap fixed for a prescribed period of time.
Materials & equipments required:
Rexene/ leather cap (75cm X 25cm) - 1
Black gram floor - 250gms
Medicated oil - 1.5 litres
Cotton cloth (5cm X 60cm) - 2
Gas Stove - 1
Hot water bath - 1
Vessels - 3
Rasnadi churna (Pluchea lanceolata) - 5gm
Arm chair - 1
Medicated oils commonly used :
Dhanwantara taila
Narayana taila
Balataila
Ksheerabala taila
Chandanadi taila
Karpasasthyadi taila
Method of administration & Procedure:
The patient is made to sit comfortably in a armed chair .The strip of cloth smeared
with paste of black gram powder should be wound around the head 2 cm above the eye
brows. It must be tight enough to prevent leaking of oil, but not causing any discomfort.
Then the cap is to be fixed over the strip and the junctions are to be sealed with black
gram paste. To seal the junctions leak free, another layer of cloth smeared with the paste
is also applied over the cap.
The medicated oil heated just above the body temperature is to be slowly poured
inside the cap over the head without any discomfort to the patient .The oil is to be filled
up to a height of 5 cm above the scalp. Temperature of the oil (warmness) is to be
maintained by replacing with warm oil at regular intervals. The process is to be continued
for 45 minutes.
At the end of the procedure, the oil is to be taken out by dipping cotton piece and
squeezing in a container so as to recollect the oil. After this the cap is removed and head
Wash is done. After wiping off the oil with clean and dry towel, Rasnadi Churna is
applied. Gentle massage is performed on shoulder, neck forehead and back.
66 vH;XM+lsdfipoks cfLrÜpsfr prqfoZ/ke~A
ew/kZrSye~ cgqxq.ka rf}|knqRrjksRrje~AA¼vñ âñ lwñ 22@23½
71
Man Power:
Ayurvedic Physician : 1
Attendant : 1
Duration and time:
The usual course of therapy is 7 days and is usually done in the afternoon or
evening (between 3 and 5 PM) for an average time of 45 minutes.
Indications:
Neurological disorders such as Hemiplegia, Facial palsy
Numbness
Sleeplessness
Dryness of mouth and nose
Eye diseases
Severe /chronic diseases of head
Contraindications:
Acute inflammatory conditions
Infections
Dietary regimen:
Light diet, liquids and semisolids are preferable.
Scientific observations:
Treatment for Vata vikaras of head
Useful in neurological complaints, chronic diseases, etc.
Strengthens the organs in the head and soothes the mind
72
SHIROVASTI
73
SHIROVASTI
74
KATI VASTI
Kativasti is a procedure in which comfortably hot medicated oil is kept over the
lumbosacral area or any adjacent part for a certain period of time with the help of a cap
like hollow structure.
Materials and Equipments:
Panchakarma table - 1
Vessels - 3
Spoon - 1
Cotton QS
Hot water for bath - 1
Medicated oil - 1Lt.
Black gram powder - 1 Kg.
Dashamula Kwatha for Nadi Sweda
Medicines:
Any of the following Medicated oils can be used:
Karpasasthyadi taila
Sahacharadi taila
Masha taila
Dhanvantara taila
Kottumchukkadi taila.
Mahanarayana taila
Mode of administration/ procedures:
Black gram powder is to be mixed with sufficient quantity of water to make a
thick paste (dough). It is then rolled into a flat slab like structure having length of about
45 to 60 cm, thickness of 2-3 cm and height 5 cm. Selected patient should undergo
Abhyanga (massage) all over the body and then Nadi sweda (Medicated steam) on the
low back & legs. Patient is advised to lie down in prone position. The prepared dough is
to be fixed on the lumbosacral area in a circular shape, taking care not to cause any
leakage of oil.
The oil should be heated up to warmness over the water bath and poured slowly
inside the ring. Its uniform temperature must be maintained throughout the process by
replacing warm oil. The oil is to be kept for 30-40 minutes. After the prescribed time, oil
is to be removed by dipping cotton and squeezing in a container. Dough can be removed
afterwards, and the area is to be wiped off followed by cleaning with lukewarm water.
Thereafter the patient is advised to take rest. Oil used once may be filtered and reused for
next two days. 4th day the oil to be used should be fresh.
75
Man power:
Ayurvedic physician : 1
Attendants : 2
Time and duration:
30-40 minutes daily.
The course of treatment may be continued for 7 days or 14 days.
Indications:
Lumbo sacral pain - Lumbar spondylosis, PIVD etc.
Neuro muscular disorders - Gridhrasi (Sciatica), Katishula
Contraindications:
Acute fever
Acute stage of Rheumatoid arthritis
Inflammatory or infective conditions
Haemorrhagic disease
Kidney disease
Dietary regimen:
Normal diet
Scientific explanation:
Keeping the medicated oil for specific period of time on the affected area may
nourish the nerves, muscles and joints in the particular region. The heat of the oil also
gives passive fomentation. It gives relief from symptoms.
76
KATI BASTI
77
URO VASTI
Retaining warm medicated oil on specific area of chest for a specified period of
time is called Uro Vasti.
Materials and Equipments:
Panchakarma table - 1
Medicated oil - 500ml
Black gram powder - 500gm - 1 Kg.
Cotton gauze QS
Medicated oil (any of the following):-
Karpasasthyadi taila
Panchaguna taila
Balaashwagandhadi taila
Bala taila
Narayana taila
Kottumchukkadi taila
Man Power:
Ayurvedic Physician : 1
Masseur : 1
Mode of administration/ procedure;
Black gram powder is made in to dough by mixing it with water. The patient has to lie
down in supine position. A trough is to be made with this dough on chest or heart region.
Medicated oil has to be filled in it and retained for 30 to 40 minutes. After the specified
time, the oil is to be removed with the help of cotton gauze. Thereafter, trough can be
removed and oil wiped off. The patient is to be advised to take rest. Usually the
procedure is done for 7days.
Indications:
Muscular pain/stiffness of the chest
Chronic injury of Chest
Contraindications:
Status asthmaticus
Tuberculosis
Bleeding disorders
Dietary regimen:
Normal diet
Scientific explanation;
Keeping the medicated oil for specific period of time on the affected area may
nourish the nerves, muscles and joints in that particular part.
78
URO VASTI
79
AKSHI TARPANA
In this process, medicated ghee is retained over eyes for 15-20 minutes.
Materials and Equipments:
Panchakarma Droni - 1
Medicated Ghee - 50ml
Black gram powder - 250gm
Medicines:
The following medicated ghee preparations are commonly used.
Jeevantyadi Ghrita
Patoladi ghrita
Triphala Ghrita etc.
Man power:
Ayurvedic Physician : 1
Attendant : 1
Procedure67:
Black gram powder is to be made in to dough by using water. The patient is to be
advised to lie down in supine position. Gentle massage is to be done on head, eyes and
face. A trough is to be made with this dough around both eyes, approximately 2 cm in
height around the eyes. Medicated ghee (a little below body temperature but in liquid
form) is to be filled inside the trough. It is to be kept for 15-20 minutes and then the ghee
is to be collected by the gauze. The face should be wiped off with clean dry towel.
Thereafter eyes should be covered with the leaves of lotus or petals of rose and the
patient is to be advised to sit away from the sunlight for a day. It may be done for 7 to 14
days.
67 vkrqjs 'kkUrjkxkJq'kwylajEHknwf"kds A
fuokrs riZ.ka ;ksT;a 'kq);ksewZ)Zdk;;ks% AA
dkys lk/kkj.ks izkr% lk;a oksÙkku'kkf;u% A
¼vñ âñ lwñ 24@3½
80
Indications68:
Ophthalmological conditions
Xeropthalmia
Optic nerve atrophy
Contraindications:
Conjunctivitis
Scientific explanation:
This process may nourish the structures in the eyes. It strengthens the optic
nerve.
68 u;us rkE;fr LrC/ks 'kq"ds #{ks·fHk?kkfrrs A
okrfiÙkkrqjs ftãs 'kh.kZi{ekfoys{k.ks AA
d`PNªksUehyf'kjkg"kZf'kjksRikrreks·tZquS% A
L;UneUFkkU;rksokr okri;kZ;'kqØdS% AA
¼vñ âñ lwñ 24@1&2½
81
AKSHI TARPANA
82
PASHCAT KARMA (POST OPERATIVE REGIMEN)
The patient should take complete rest for an equal period of time for which he has
undergone the therapeutic procedure. Pashcat Karma is done as the patient requires to
regain the strength of Dhatus and to come to normalcy.
Peyadi Samsarjana Karma 69 is to be followed in all cases undergone
Panchakarma procedures i. e., liquids, semisolids and solid diet is given successively.
The patient should use hot water for all purposes and should observe Brahmacharya
(Celibacy) during Pashcat Karma. Sleeping in day time is to be avoided and proper sleep
in the night is to be maintained. Natural urges should not be controlled forcibly. The
patient should be free from physical and mental exertion and should not be exposed to
smoke, excess cold, sun rays, wind etc. Traveling, sitting idle for a long time and talking
in a high voice are to be avoided. Soft and low pillows are to be used. Gandharva
Hastadi Kwatha is usually given for Vatanulomana during the course of therapy.
Rasayana Chikitsa may be administered to the patient after this period.
Some of the important Rasayanas (10-15gm twice daily) used are:
Chayavanprasha
Agastya Haritaki
Sukumar Rasayana
Brahma Rasayana
Naarsimha Rasayana
Single Rasayana/ Vajikarana drugs:
Vardhman Pippali
Lashuna Kalpa
Shilajatu
Ashwagandha
Masha Atmagupta Rasayana
Musali etc.
69 HkksT;ks·Uua ek=;k ikL;u~ 'o% ficu~ ihrokufi A
nzoks".keufHk";fUn ukfrfLuX/keladje~ AA
Å".kksndksipkjh L;kn~czãpkjh {kik'k;% A
u osxjks/kh O;k;keØks/k'kksdfgekriku~ AA
izokr;ku;kuk/oHkk";kR;klulafLFkrh% A
uhpkR;qPpksi/kkukg% LiIu/kwejtkafl p AA
;kU;gkfu ficsÙkkfu rkoUR;U;kU;fi R;tsr~ A
loZdeZLo;a izk;ks O;kf/k{kh.ks"kq p Øe% AA
¼vñ âñ lwñ 16@25&28½
83
LIST OF ESSENTIAL EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED FOR SETTING
UP OF A PANCHAKARMA THEATRE
1) Massage table : 2 Length: 7 feet
(Wooden/ Fibre) Width: 3 feet
Height: 2.5 feet
2) Panchkarma Droni (Dhara Droni) : 2 Length: 9 feet
Width: 2.5 feet
Height: 2.5 feet
3) Shirodhara Vessels : 2 Stainless steel vessels
3 litre capacity
4) Vasti Netra (disposable) : 30 no.
5) Nasya applicator/ dropper : 2
6) Geyser : 1
7) Hot fomentation instruments : 2
(Steam chamber)
8) Leather Cap (for ShiroVasti) : 2
9) Gas Stove/heating apparatus : 2
10) Tub (for Avagaha sweda) : 2
11) Small vessels, Spoons : 4
NB: Automated instruments may also be used as per the availability.
84
PANCHAKARMA DRONI (TUB)
85
MEDICINES COMMONLY USED IN
PANCHAKARMA THERAPY
TAILAS (OILS)
1. Anu taila
2. Bala Guduchyadi taila
3. Chandanadi taila
4. Chandanabala Lakshadi taila
5. Dashamoola taila
6. Dhanwanthara taila
7. Eranda taila
8. Karpasaasthyadi taila
9. Kottamchukkadi taila
10. Ksheerabala taila
11. Lakshadi taila
12. Mahamashadi taila
13. Mahanarayana taila
14. Nirgundyadi taila
15. Prabhanjana taila
16. Prasarini taila
17. Sahacharadi taila
18. Saindhavadi taila
19. Shadbindu taila
20. Tila taila (Sesame oil)
21. Pinda taila
86
CHURNAS/ AVALEHA/ RASA
(Powders/ Confectionery/ Herbomineral preparations)
1. Jatamansayadi Churna
2. Dashamula Kwatha Churna
3. Kottam Chukkadi Churna
4. Madanaphaladi Churna
5. Upanaha Churna
6. Kalyanaka Avaleha
7. Icchabhedi Rasa
8. Gandharava Hastadi Kwatha Churna
9. Rasnadi Churna
87
OTHERS
1. Balamula (Root of Sida cordifolia)
2. Nirgundi (Vitex negundo)
3. Amalaki churna (Emblica officinalis)
4. Dhatura (Datura metel)
5. Musta (Cyperus rotundus)
6. Trivrit (Operculina turpethum)
7. Aragwadha (Cassia fistula)
8. Goghrita (Ghee)
9. Saindhava lavana (Rock salt)
10. Madhu (Honey)
11. Shatawha (Anethum sowa)
12. Leaves of Karanja (Pongamia pinnata), Shigru (Moringa oleifera),
Arka (Calotropis procera), Eranda (Ricinus comunis), Amlika
(Tamarindus indica), Padmaka (Nelumbo nucifera) etc.
13. Vacha (Acorus calamus)
14. Mudga and Masha Churna (Green and black gram powder)
15. Shashtika Shali Dhanya (a variety of rice yield after sixty days)
16. Takra (Butter milk)
17. Dugdha (Milk)
18. Narikela jala (Coconut water)
88
ANNEXURE - I
SPECIFICATIONS OF PANCHAKARMA THEATRE
In the existing hospitals, there should be separate wards for males and females to
carry out the various Panchakarma procedures as per following details:
MALE PANCHAKARMA SECTION :
1 Snehan Kaksha (Room) 14’ x 12’
1 Swedan Kaksha (Room) 14’ x 12’
1 Vasti Kaksha (Room) 10’ x 10’
1 Shirodhara Kaksha (Room) 10’x10’
FEMALE PANCHAKARMA SECTION :
1 Snehan Kaksha (Room) 14’ x 12’
1 Swedan Kaksha (Room) 14’ x 12’
1 Vasti Kaksha (Room) 10’ x 10’
1 Shirodhara Kaksha (Room) 10’x10’
SPECIAL PRIVATE ROOM ARRANGEMENT :
At least 4
O.P.DEPARTMENT :
300 sq. ft
DISPENSING AND PHARMACY UNIT :
400 sq. ft
KITCHEN AND CANTEEN :
800 sq. ft
LABS FOR INVESTIGATION :
Routine Biochemical and
Hematological investigation
OFFICE AND RECORD SECTION :
As per requirement
89
ANNEXURE - II
STAFF REQUIRED FOR PANCHAKARMA SPECIALITY
CENTER
1. Medical Superintendent MD (Ay.) in Kayachikitsa (Panchakarma)
With 10-12 years experience in the profession
1
2. Panchakarma specialist (Male) MD (Ay.) 1
3. Panchakarma specialist (Female) MD (Ay.) 1
4. Resident Medical Officers 2
5. Male Masseurs (Panchakarma technicians) 4
6. Female Masseurs (Panchakarma technicians) 4
7. Staff nurses (Round the clock) 5
8. Kitchen staff 3
9. Cleaning services 4
10. Pharmacist 3
11. Record keeper 1
90
SOME PANCHAKARMA CENTRES IN INDIA
1. Central Govt. Health Scheme Ayurvedic Hospital, Lodhi Road, New Delhi.
2. Central Research Institute for Ayurveda, Cheruthuruty, Kerala
3. Central Research Institute for Ayurveda, Road No. 66, Punjabi Bagh, New Delhi.
4. Dept. of Kayachikitsa, Faculty of Ayurveda, Institute of Medical Sciences,
B.H.U., Varanasi.
5. Govt. Ayurvedic College, Tripunithura
6. Govt. Ayurvedic College, Trivandrum
7. Institute for Post Graduate Training and Research, Gujarat Ayurveda University,
Jamnagar.
8. Kerala Ayurveda Pharmacy and Nursing Home, Alwaye, Kerala.
9. Keraleeya Ayurveda Samajam Shoranur, Kerala.
10. Maniben Ayurveda Hospital, Ahmedabad.
11. National Institute of Ayurveda, Madhav Vilas, Amer Road, Jaipur, Rajasthan.
12. Sitaram Ayurveda Health Centre, Press club Road, Trichur
13. Vaidyaratan Aushadhasala & Nursing home Taikkattussay, Ollurtrichur Dist.
Kerala
14. Vasudeva Vilasam Nursing Home, Trivandrum.
15. Aryavaidyasala, Kottakala Post, Mallapuram Distt., Kerala.
16. Holy Family Hospital, Okhala Road, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi.
17. Moolachand Khairati Ram Hospital, Lajapata Nagar, New Delhi.
18. Aryavaidyasala Kottakala, Ayurvedic Hospital and Research Centre, 18X-19X,
Institutional Area, Karkarduma, Delhi-110092.
91
A C K N O W L E D G E M E N T
We express our heartfelt gratitude to Dr. G.S. Lavekar, Director General,
CCRAS for his valuable guidance and encouragement to complete this small
piece of work. His kind consideration for publishing this script has enabled the
readers to get this knowledge. He has been a constant source of inspiration for
accomplishing this job. He took personal interest in the photography required for
the book. His time to time guidance, directions and support proved to be a boon
to us.
We are highly indebted to Dr. M. M. Padhi, Deputy Director (tech) for his
valuable support and suggestions given for the book and the photography. We
also thank Dr. Prem Kishore and Dr. G. Veluchamy, Former Directors, CCRAS,
who inspired us to initiate this work and gave us guidelines to write this
informative book. We thank Dr.M.M.Padhi (DDT), Dr. Sharda Ota RO (Ay), Dr.
G. Venkateshwaralu RO (Ay) and Dr. M.M.Sharma RO (Ay) for editing this
book.
We also thank the Panchakarma staff of CRIA, New Delhi- Shri Nain Singh,
Shri Kaanchhi Singh, Smt. Dhanmati Rawat and Smt. Kanta Devi who rendered
all help and support for photography.
From:
Dr.T.V.Menon
Ex-Assistant Director (Ay.)
Dr.(Mrs.)Bharti
Assistant Director (Ay.)
... The subject is made to lie on a supine position on droni and a dhara pot (earthen/copper/brass) which has a hole at the bottom of approximately to the size of a little finger (standard size) hung above the subject [2,9]. The wick assembly in the Shirodhara pot is aligned around four angulas (approximately 7.5 cm) [10e12] above, from the subject's forehead [2]. ...
... The type of the liquid chosen depends upon the subject's health condition. The liquid is heated to subject body temperature or to the temperature comfortable to subject and spouted via Shirodhara pot along the length of the forehead [2,9]. ...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Shirodhara is an ayurvedic procedure usually administered to alleviate mental stress. The process involves impact on the forehead by a free fall of a continuous stream of temperature controlled fluid. Objective: In this study, the impact force generated on the forehead due to fluid falling from dhara pot held at a standard height of 4 angulas is measured passing through a traditional wick. Materials and methods: The variation of this impact force for different medicinal oils such as Ksheerabala oil, Mahanarayana oil and water is studied. The measurements are made using an Integrated Circuit Piezoelectric force sensor designed to measure low loads. Results: The impact force is found to be order of 10-2 N and is observed to marginally vary with the type of liquid used in the experiment. The force was found to build up an average duration of 7.2 ms linearly over a time. Conclusion: It was observed that the impact force generated on the human forehead due to Shirodhara treatment was low and is invariant to the medicinal oils used in the treatment. The measured forces correlate closely with the force estimates made from simple fluid mechanics. These forces have an important role in the estimate of stresses, displacements and voltage generated due to the impact associated with Shirodhara.
... All ingredients of the pindasweda, ksheer (milk), Shashtika shali and Balamula have santarpana qualities (Antioxidantant and nourishing) and is indicated for balya (strenghthening), brimhana (nourishing) of dhatus with alleviation of vata . Shashtika shali helps in opening up of blocks in nerve conduction and facilitates remyelination of nerves which helps in transmitting nerve impulses (12,13). ...
Research
Full-text available
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a peripheral neuropathy with acute onset, and characterized by rapidly developing motor weakness. It is autoimmune in nature and triggered by a preceding infection. A 48 years old female patient was brought with complaints of paralysis of all the four limbs (quadriplegia), back pain and pain in the right lower limb since one month. She was previously treated in tertiary care hospital with IV Immunoglobulin and plasmapheresis but showed no improvement. So she admitted and treated in Mahatma Gandhi Ayurved College Hospital & Research Centre, Salod (H) Wardha on 21.06.2018. In A yurveda, there is no direct description of this disease but this condition can be correlated with Sarvanga vata (vata affecting all parts of the body), hence she was treated following principles of V atavyadhi chikitsa which include A bhyanga (Oleation therapy), Swedana (Fomentation), Matrabasti (enema with medicated oil), Nasya (Nasal medicated oil administration) and various herbomineral formulations for 51 days. Along with this physiotherapy and Trans Electrical Nerve Stimulation was also applied. Significant results were observed in the form of improvement in the muscle power from zero to four for all the four limbs with improvement in her general condition as well as daily activities
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Transverse Myelitis is an acute, usually monophasic, demyelinating disorder affecting the spinal cord. It is usually thought to be post infectious in origin. It occurs at any age and present with a subacute paraparesis with a sensory level, accompanied by severe pain in the neck or back at the onset. The annual incidence of Transverse Myelitis ranges from 1.34 to 4.60 cases per million. In Ayurveda there is no description of a single disease which can exactly resemble with Transverse Myelitis. It can be correlated with Adhrangghata, which comes under Vatavyadhi. Aim: To study the effect of Panchkarma management with Physiotherapy in Transverse Myelitis and to find out effective Panchkarma management in Transverse Myelitis. Material & Methods: A 30-year-old male patient Vikas Dubey was visited unit OPD 31767 Kayachikitsa Govt. Ayurveda Hospital Bhopal. On 3rd June 2019 presented with Spastic Paraplegia, had involuntary movement in bilateral lower limbs along with moderate pain off and on and irregular bladder bowel movements. The patient was treated with Panchkarma along with Physiotherapy for 76 days. Assessment was done on the basis of symptomatic relief. Observation: The Panchkarma procedures along with physiotherapy yielded improvement in sensory & motor functions of patient. Conclusion: On the basis of result obtained, it can be concluded that Panchkarma along with physiotherapy can be used as effective treatment in management of Transverse Myelitis.
Ayurvedic Hospital and Research Centre, 18X-19X, Institutional Area, Karkarduma
  • Aryavaidyasala Kottakala
Aryavaidyasala Kottakala, Ayurvedic Hospital and Research Centre, 18X-19X, Institutional Area, Karkarduma, Delhi-110092.
Faculty of Ayurveda, Institute of Medical Sciences
  • Dept
  • Kayachikitsa
Dept. of Kayachikitsa, Faculty of Ayurveda, Institute of Medical Sciences, B.H.U., Varanasi.
Rock salt) 10 Madhu (Honey) 11. Shatawha (Anethum sowa) 12. Leaves of Karanja (Pongamia pinnata
  • Saindhava Lavana
Saindhava lavana (Rock salt) 10. Madhu (Honey) 11. Shatawha (Anethum sowa) 12. Leaves of Karanja (Pongamia pinnata), Shigru (Moringa oleifera), Arka (Calotropis procera), Eranda (Ricinus comunis), Amlika (Tamarindus indica), Padmaka (Nelumbo nucifera) etc.
Health Scheme Ayurvedic Hospital, Lodhi Road
  • Central Govt
Central Govt. Health Scheme Ayurvedic Hospital, Lodhi Road, New Delhi.
Ayurvedic College, Tripunithura
  • Govt
Govt. Ayurvedic College, Tripunithura
Ayurvedic College, Trivandrum 7. Institute for Post Graduate Training and Research
  • Govt
Govt. Ayurvedic College, Trivandrum 7. Institute for Post Graduate Training and Research, Gujarat Ayurveda University, Jamnagar.
Green and black gram powder)
  • Masha Mudga
  • Churna
Mudga and Masha Churna (Green and black gram powder)