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Locus of control and well-being at work: How generalizable are Western findings?
Managers from 24 geopohtical entities provided data on work locus of control, job satisfaction, psychological strain, physical strain, and individualism/collectivism. The hypothesis that the salutary effects of perceived control on well-being are universal was supported hecause relations of work locus of control with well-heing at work were similar in almost all the sampled areas. Furthermore, the individualism/collectivism level of each sample did not moderate the magnitude of correlations of work locus of control with measures of well-being. Findings indicate that control beliefs contribute to well-being universally, hut we suggest that how control is manifested can still differ.