The management of hypertension and cardiovascular risk factors is the predominant activity of healthcare professionals in France, particularly in primary care. To estimate the management of hypertension and risk factors, the data obtained from the French League Against Hypertension Survey (FLAHS) carried out in 2007, 2012 and 2017 were analyzed. The indicator chosen in the population aged 35 ... [Show full abstract] years and over was the percentage of prescription of antihypertensive drugs, lipid-lowering drugs and antidiabetic drugs, and an active smoking. In 2007, the prevalence of subjects aged 35 and over treated for hypertension was 32 % [95, 30-34], those treated for dyslipidemia were 22% [95, 21-23], those treated for diabetes was 8% [95% CI, 7-9], those with active smoking was 19% [95,18-20]. In 2017, the percentages were respectively: 28 % [95 % CI, 27-29], 17% [95 % CI, 16-18], 9 % [95 % CI], 8-10] and 16 % [95 % CI]. 17]. These changes, whose causes are multiple, have the potential to unfavorably influence the risk factors related to the incidence of cardiovascular diseases in the next decade in France.