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Validation of Anema tumidulum (Lichinaceae, Lichenized Ascomycota), A Widespread Cyanophilic Lichen

  • Plant Science and Biodiversity Centre, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia

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Anema tumidulum Henssen nom. nud. is validated by a formal description. The species is shown to be widespread in Europe. Most records come from Central Europe and Norway, but the species might still be under-collected in other regions. It is confined to calcareous habitats, sporadically moistened, sunny, open calcareous rock faces in thermophilous, mountainous situations. A list of selected examined specimens is presented. A first finding for Kazakhstan is published, whereas a published report from eastern Siberia (Russia) is shown to be based on a misidentification.
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Herzogia 26 (1), 2013: 1–7 1
Validation of Anema tumidulum (Lichinaceae, lichenized
Ascomycota), a widespread cyanophilic lichen
Per Magnus Jørgensen, Matthias Schultz & Anna Guttová
Abstract: Jørgensen, P. M., Schultz, M. & Guttová, A. 2013: Validation of Anema tumidulum (Lichinaceae,
lichenized Ascomycota), a widespread cyanophilic lichen. – Herzogia 26: 1–7.
Anema tumidulum Henssen nom. nud. is validated by a formal description. The species is shown to be widespread in
Europe. Most records come from Central Europe and Norway, but the species might still be under-collected in other
regions. It is confined to calcareous habitats, sporadically moistened, sunny, open calcareous rock faces in thermo-
philous, mountainous situations. A list of selected examined specimens is presented. A first finding for Kazakhstan
is published, whereas a published report from eastern Siberia (Russia) is shown to be based on a misidentification.
Zusammenfassung: Jørgensen, P. M., Schultz, M. & Guttová, A. 2013: Validierung von Anema tumidulum
(Lichinaceae, lichenisierte Ascomycota), einer weit verbreiteten Cyanobakterien-Flechte. – Herzogia 26: 1–7.
Anema tumidulum Henssen nom. nud. wird validiert und formal beschrieben. Die Art ist weit verbreitet in Europa.
Die meisten Funde stammen aus Zentral-Europa und Norwegen, doch dürfte die Art in anderen Regionen teilweise
auch übersehen worden sein. Sie besiedelt sporadisch befeuchtete, sonnige Kalkfelsen in thermophilen Berglagen. Ein
erster Fund aus Kasachstan wird mitgeteilt, wohingegen eine publizierte Angabe aus Ostsibirien (Russland) auf einer
Fehlbestimmung beruhte.
Key words: Cyanolichens, nomenclature.
Whilst working on the Lichinaceae for the volume of cyanolichens for the Nordic lichen flora
(Jørgensen 2007), the first author came across some unusually crustose and shiny specimens,
which appeared to belong to the genus Anema. As he was unable to find a name for it, he ap-
proached the great expert in the field Aino Henssen, who immediately answered that this was
a species which she preliminary had named Anema tumidulum, but had hoped to find an older
name for as it appeared to be quite widespread and locally common. The search for an older
name revealed only one possible such name, Thyrea cernohorskyi Servít, the type of which
could not be found in PR. Preparing a paper mainly confined to nomenclatural matters in the
Lichinaceae (Henssen & Jørgensen 1990), we decided to transfer that name to Anema, since
there was nothing in the original description and in the illustrations that contradicted such a
placement, and we did not know of any other lichen to which this name would be applicable.
Then, the third author located the type of T. cernohorskyi Servít and showed that it belonged
to Peccania (Czeika et al. 2004). This was shortly before the manuscript to the Nordic lichen
flora was submitted and Henssen (pers. comm.) agreed that it was best to use her original name
for it there. She promised to publish the name, hopefully before we had managed to publish
the book or shortly afterwards. Unfortunately she was struck by bad health and unforeseen
2 Herzogia 26 (1), 2013
problems (Jørgensen 2011), so she never managed to formally describe it. We now, after her
death, find it best to formalize the name especially since it has been in use already since 1994
in the German lichenological literature (Wirth 1994, 1995a, 1995b, 1996, Schöller et al.
1996, Scholz 2000, Dürhammer 2003, Wirth 2008, Wirth et al. 2011). At the same time,
we outline the distribution and ecology of the species. As the type, we have chosen a specimen
which we know Aino Henssen placed in the species.
The study was based on the samples deposited in the herbaria BG, BM, BRA, CBFS, FH, G,
H, M, O, PRA, SAV, UPS, W and the second authorʼs herbarium (herb. M. Schultz). Herbarium
registration numbers follow the acronym of the relevant herbarium. Microscopical examina-
tions were performed on hand-cut sections mounted in water and 10 % KOH. The measure-
ments of the thallus and apothecia given in the description of the species are based on the selected
examined material. Cryotome sections were prepared for illustration of anatomical details.
Results and Discussion
Anema tumidulum Henssen ex P.M.Jørg., M.Schultz & Guttová sp. nov. [MycoBank
MB 803985] (Figs 1–5)
Anema nummularium similis, sed thallo effuso, nitido, isidioideo vel granulato.
Type: Germany, Hessen, Oberlahn, Arfurt, 30 km E of Runkel, 30.10.1964, leg. A. Henssen
17744b (Lichenes cyanophili et fungi saxicolae exsiccati 47a [as Anema cernohorskyi], H ho-
lotype!, BM isotype!) [note that 47b is a topotype collected later by Henssen & Jahns].
Anema tumidulum is quite easily recognized from all other species in the genus by its shining,
not pruinose thallus forming effuse black-brown crusts. The squamules (diameter up to 3 mm)
– shield-like rosettes, frequently clearly lobed on the edges – are densely packed and often
isidiate (Figs 1, 2). Isidia are spherical. Based on the observations and measurements of Czech,
Italian and Slovak material, the fruiting bodies (pycnoascocarps, diameter 0.5 0.8 mm) are
concentrated in the centre of the rosettes. The asci have (4 –)8 ascospores of 8 –13(–17) × 6 8
(–11) mm (Figs 3 –5). Conidiomata were not observed.
Habitat and distribution
Anema tumidulum is a species of open calcareous, vertical rock surfaces, often in seepage
tracks. It prefers warm and sunny habitats, but appears to have a broader ecological amplitude
than other members of the Lichinaceae (Jørgensen 1988). So far it is known mostly from
Europe. At least in eastern Central Europe (Fig. 6), it is the most commonly recorded species of
the genus, being locally frequent in calcareous parts of the Western Carpathians Mts, Slovakia
(Pišút 2001, 2003, Guttová & Pišút 2004, Guttová & Palice 2002, 2004, Guttová
2004, 2005, 2008), Hungary (Bükk Mts, Uppony Mts, Vondrák et al. 2009), and the adja-
cent areas in Austria. Further to the west, it grows in the karst area of the Bohemian massif,
Czech Republic (Liška & Palice 2010, Svoboda 2007, Vondrák et al. 2007), in southern
Germany (Wirth 2008, Dürhammer 2003) and in France in the basin of the river Meuse,
Ardennes (Diederich & Sérusiaux 2000). In the south, A. tumidulum was reported from
Italy in Friuli, Molise, Abruzzo and Toscana (Nimis & Martellos 2008). In Scandinavia,
A. tumidulum is as yet only known from the warm Oslofjord region, Norway and valleys in
Jørgensen et al.: Validation of Anema tumidulum (Lichinaceae, lichenized Ascomycota) 3
eastern Norway (Oppland, Buskerud, Telemark). These locations are known to have several
members of a continental lichen element (Ahlner 1949, Kleiven 1959), with an outlaying
site in Nord-Trøndelag (Hassel et al. 2009). Anema tumidulum is particularly common in the
Tyrifjord region, which is well-known for the occurrence of many rare calcareous, xerother-
mic lichens, with 15 known collections. There is one very eastern collection of A. tumidulum
from Kazakhstan (see the Selected specimens examined). The species was published from
eastern Siberia, Russia (Urbanovichus 2010); however, the revision of the material by the
first author showed that the specimen is difficult to place in A. tumidulum. The margins of well
developed rosettes are coarsely ‘sorediate’; we assign the specimen to Anema cf. decipiens.
Anema tumidulum was also reported from Idaho, USA (Björk 2010), but it would be neces-
sary to revise the material.
Selected specimens examined:
Austria: Niederösterreich: an sonnigen Kalkfelsen bei Gumpoldskirchen, 300 m, leg. Baumgartner 1921 (as A. moed-
lingense, UPS, W).
Czech Republic: Moravia austro-occid. Distr. Moravský Krumlov, in valle fluvii Rokytná, ad saxa conglomerata
aprica, 1992, leg. A. Vězda (as A. moedlingense, SAV); C Bohemia, Praha – Butovice, nature reserve Prokopské údolí,
loc. Hemrovy skály, on ESE-facing diabase-limestone bouldery slope, with Lichinella nigritella, Collema auriforme,
Peccania cernohorskyi, 280 m, fertile, 2011, leg. Z. Palice (PRA 14839, 14865).
France: Distr. Mosan, Ardennes, Givet, rive gauch de la Meuse a sortie de la ville, sous le fort Charlemont, P.
Diederich 15689 (herb. P. Diederich).
Germany: Bayern, Oberfranken, Pottenstein, near Teufelshöhe, 1963, leg. G. Degelius (UPS); Henssen: Lich. Cyan.
Fungi Sax. Exs. no 47 (as Anema cernohorskyi, BRA, FH, G, M, W); Baden-Württemberg, Schwäbische Alb, Seeburg
near Bad Urach, limestone, 600 m, 1998, leg. M. Schultz (herb. M. Schultz); Rhineland-Palatinate, Nordpfälzer
Bergland, Bad Münster am Stein, 24.05.1997, leg. V. Wirth 30372 (STU); Bavaria, Mittlere Frankenalb, Laabertal
zwischen Eichhofen und Zielsbrunn, Schönhofen, 20.08.1990, leg. Breuss 4628 (UPS).
Italy: Lombardia, Prealpi Bresciane e Gardesane: Gargnano, area of Lago di Valvestino (valle di torrente Toscolane),
side valley Val di Sas (ca 300 m from the junction Molino di Bollone – Turano – Vantone), south-facing slope with
relic Pinus sylvestris, on perpendicular limestone rock faces and fissures, 573 m, ! fertile, 2012, leg. A. Guttová, M.
Slovák & M. Gorylová (SAV).
Kazakhstan: Taldy-Kugan, 25 km E of Teleki, above mining community, 09.06.1993, leg. R. Moberg & A. Nordin
K5:03 (UPS).
Norway: Telemark, Bamble, Langesundtangen, 1997, leg. H. Bratli & E. Timdal 1096, 8738 (O); Telemark, Porsgrunn,
Kotøya, 1996, leg. H. Bratli & E. Timdal (O); Buskerud, Hole, Storøta nature reserve, S and W side of Storøya, 1997, H.
Bratli 1462 (O); Buskerud, Hole, the island Storøya in lake Tyrifjorden, 1981, leg. E. Timdal 3142 (O); Buskerud, Hole,
Buskerud, Hole, Lemostangen in lake Tyrifjorden, alt. 65 m, 1981, leg. E. Timdal no 3105 (O); Buskerud, Hole, cliffs S
of Stammes at the shore of lake Tyrifjorden, 1989, leg. J. Holtan-Hartwig & E. Timdal (O); Buskerud, Hole, limestone
cliffs c. 500 m SE of Bønsnes church, 1994, leg. R. Haugan & E. Timdal 7873 (O); Buskerud, Hole, Burudåsen, between
Kongelv and Kleiva, 1989, leg. J. Holtan-Hartwig & E. Timdal (O); Purkøya, the SW-side, 1997, leg. H. Bratli & E.
Timdal 8720 (O); Oppland, Vågå, Ekren, rest-area by main road, 1995, leg. R. Haugan. & E. Timdal 8101 (O); Nord-
Trøndelag, Steinkjer, Snåsavatnet, Hjartøya, 1998, leg. R. Hollås & R. Haugan 6402 (BG, O).
Slovakia: Kysucká vrchovina Mts, Kysucké Nové Mesto, Lopušné Pažitie, limestone outcrops on Prašivá Mt., 2002,
leg. A. Guttová (SAV); Strážovské vrchy Mts, ad rupes calcareas supra Súľov, 1922, leg. J. Suza (PRM, as A. deci-
piens, rev. H. & G. Czeika); Strážovské vrchy Mts, Manín, Malý Manín Mt., limestone crest Jašteričí hrebeň, fer-
tile, 2003, leg. A. Guttová, K. Kresáňová & J. Smatanová (SAV); Pieniny Mts, Červený Kláštor, National Nature
Reserve Prielom Dunajca, limestone cliffs on Poľana Mt., 2001, leg. A. Guttová (SAV); Ľubovnianska vrchovina
Mts, Jarabina, limestone cliff Čertova skala, 2001, leg. A. Guttová (SAV); Muránska planina Mts, Muráň, Cigánka
Mt., limestone outcrops on the summit, 2001, leg. A. Guttová (SAV); Muránska planina Mts, National Nature Reserve
Poludnica, Klin Mt., limestone outcrops, 2002, leg. A. Guttová, J. P. Halda & Z. Palice (SAV); Muránska planina Mts,
National Nature Reserve Javorníková, Vrbiarka Mt., fertile, 2000, leg. A. Guttová, J. P. Halda & Z. Palice (SAV).
Switzerland: Engadin, Ardez, 04.08.1927, leg. A. H. Magnusson 10906a (UPS); Wallis, Raron, top of Heidnischbiel,
limestone rock outcrops in grassy, south-facing slope, 750 m, 23.11.2012, p.p. fertile, leg. M. Schultz 08497a (herb.
M. Schultz); Wallis, Raron, limestone rock outcrops in south-facing, grassy slope near Felsenkirche and old fortress,
650 m, 23.11.2012, leg. M. Schultz 08460 (herb. M. Schultz).
4 Herzogia 26 (1), 2013
Fig. 1: Anema tumidulum, habitus, squamules with granulose surface and adnate apothecia with thick margin (BM-Isotypus),
section 9.4 mm.
Fig. 2: Anema tumidulum, habitus, single rosette shaped squamule with short marginal lobules and characteristic
granulose surface in the centre (Diederich 15689, herbarium P. Diederich), section 5.5 mm.
Jørgensen et al.: Validation of Anema tumidulum (Lichinaceae, lichenized Ascomycota) 5
Fig. 3: Anema tumidulum,
anatomy, ecorticate and
unlayered sterile thallus
plectenchyma with single-
celled cyanobionts and
loose reticulate hyphae,
stained in lactophenol cot-
ton blue (BM-Isotypus),
section 219 µm.
Fig. 4: Anema tumidulum,
anatomy, unstained sec-
tion of mature apothecium
with thick thalline and
thin proper margin, club
shaped, thin walled as-
cus with hyaline, simple
spores (BM-Isotypus),
section 219 µm.
Fig. 5: Anema tumidulum,
anatomy, section through
juvenile apothecium with
narrow disc and bulging
thalline margin, proper
margin of few interwoven
hyphae, stained in lacto-
phenol cotton blue (BM-
Isotypus), section 438 µm.
6 Herzogia 26 (1), 2013
Fig. 6: Occurrence of Anema tumidulum in Europe.
We acknowledge the curators of the above cited herbaria for assistance and Zdeněk Palice for putting his specimens
at our disposal. Matthias Schultz would like to thank Volkmar Wirth for access to material from SW Germany. We
thank Dušan Senko for elaboration of the map. Anna Guttováʼs work was supported by the project VEGA 2/0034/13.
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Manuscript accepted: 28 March 2013.
Adresses of the authors
Per Magnus Jørgensen, Department of Natural History, University Museum of Bergen, Pb.
7800, 5020 Bergen, Norway. E-mail:
Matthias Schultz, Biocenter Klein Flottbek and Botanical Garden of the University of Hamburg,
Ohnhorststr. 18, 22609 Hamburg, Germany. E-mail:
Anna Guttová, Institute of Botany, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, 84523
Bratislava, Slovakia. E-mail:
... Anema tumidulum Henssen Jørgensen et al. (2013) should be corrected to "Arfurt, 3 km E of Runkel". This species is characterized by having densely packed squamules, up to 3 mm, forming rosettes covered with spherical isidia especially in the centre of the rosettes (Figs 1A, B). ...
... This species is characterized by having densely packed squamules, up to 3 mm, forming rosettes covered with spherical isidia especially in the centre of the rosettes (Figs 1A, B). It develops apothecia of the pycnoascocarp-type, i.e. ascogones are formed beneath a pycnidium, the latter gradually being transformed during ascoma development into an ordinary, lecanorine apothecium, size 0.5 -0.8 mm, with (4 -)8 ascospores of 8 -13(-17) × 6 -8(-11) µm (Jørgensen et al. 2013). Anema tumidulum can be distinguished from the morphologically similar and closely related A. decipiens (A.Massal.) ...
... Anema tumidulum can be distinguished from the morphologically similar and closely related A. decipiens (A.Massal.) Forssell by its shining, epruinose thallus and by the spherical isidia (Moreno & Egea 1992, Jørgensen et al. 2013. Anema decipiens has smaller squamules (1-2 mm) covered by a bluish pruina and lacking isidia. ...
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... The species has a similar ecology to Normandina pulchella and it too may grow on shaded rocks covered by bryophytes, especially by liverworts of the genus Frullania, which is likely the case of both published Czech records (Servít 1936. ( Most published localities are from the Czech Republic (from where it was originally described), especially the area known as the Bohemian Karst (Servít & černohorský 1935, Czeika et al. 2007, Špryňar et al. 2008, Jørgensen et al. 2013. Peccania cernohorskyi is however more widespread (M. ...
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Despite over two centuries of fairly intensive study, the lichen flora of Central European countries is still incompletely known. Based on revision of herbarium material and new field work, we report thirty-four species from the Czech Republic for the first time, and twenty-two from Slovakia. Caloplaca brachyspora, Micarea confuse and Sclerophora amabilis are new to Central Europe. Caloplaca alaskensis is reported outside the Arctic for the first time. Other noteworthy records worth of mention are e.g. Arthonia incarnate, Bacidina etayana, Biatora pontica, Bryoria furcellata, Candelariella lutella, C. viae-lactae, Metamelanea caesiella, Peccania cernohorskyi, Rhizoplaca melanophthahna, Thelocarpon imperceptum,Verrucaria ulmi and Xanthoria papillifera. Eight species (mainly from lowland forests) have not been found over 70 or more years from the territory of the Czech Republic or Slovakia. Four species were reported in the past but were omitted from the current national checklists. Other species new to the explored countries are Bacidia pycnidiata, Bacidina brandii, B. saxenii, B. sulphurella, Buellia arborea, Caloplaca arcis, C. dichroa, C. tominii, C. xerica, Candelaria pacifica, Candelariella plumbea, Catillaria fungoides, Cladonia novochlorophaea, Collolechia caesia, Dendrographa decolorans, Fellhanera viridisorediata, Lecania sordida, Lecidea sphaerella, L. strasseri, Lecidella albida, Leptogium intermedium, Micarea globulosella, M nowakii, Normandina acroglypta, Peltigera extenuate, Reichlingia leopoldii, Rhizocarpon timdalii, Rhizoplaca subdiscrepans, Rinodina capensis, Schismatomma umbrinum, Sclerococcum griseisporodochium, Thelocarpon citrum, Verrucaria beltraminiana, V breussii, V fuscovelutina, V phloeophila, and Xylographa pallens. ITS rDNA was used to confirm the identity of Caloplaca alaskensis and C. arcis. The lichen diversity of Central European countries and their phytogeographical connections are briefly discussed.
... Zahlbr. The name Anema tumidulum P. M. Jørg., M. Schultz & Guttová has been validated by Jørgensen et al. (2013), who cited a French specimen from our checklist area. Aptroot et al. (2014) show that Strigula sychnogonoides (Nitschke) R. C. Harris is closely related to Absconditella and must be excluded from Strigula, as Geisleria sychnogonoides Nitschke. ...
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Studies of mainly recent collections of lichens and lichenicolous fungi led to the addition of nine taxa to the flora of Belgium, Luxembourg and northern France: Aphanopsis coenosa, Biatora efflorescens, Burgoa splendens, Caloplaca soralifera, Flavoplaca limonia, Phoma physciicola, Tremella wirthii, Usnea glabrescens var. glabrescens and Xanthomendoza oregana. Seven additional species were reported in recent publications: Caloplaca conversa var. fallax, Ceratobasidium bulbillifaciens, Hainesia brevicladoniae, H. longicladoniae, Punctelia reddenda, Oxneria huculica and Zwackhiomyces peltigerae. New to Belgium: Cornutispora ciliata, Polycoccum pulvinatum, Thelopsis rubella and Zwackhiomyces physciicola; new to Luxembourg: Bacidia carneoglauca, Enchylium limosum, Lempholemma chalazanum, Lichenothelia convexa, Polycoccum slaptoniense, Rinodina pityrea and Thelenella muscorum. Additional notes are given on some rare and threatened species. The following new combination is proposed: Xanthomendoza huculica (S. Y. Kondr.) Diederich (basionym Oxneria huculica).
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Discomycetes are an artificial grouping of apothecia-producing fungi in the phylum Ascomycota. Molecular-based studies have revealed that the discomycetes can be found among ten classes of Ascomycota. The classification of discomycetes has been a major challenge due to the lack of a clear understanding of the important morphological characters, as well as a lack of reference strains. In this review, we provide a historical perspective of discomycetes, notes on their morphology (including both asexual and sexual morphs), ecology and importance, an outline of discomycete families and a synoptical cladogram of currently accepted families in Ascomycota showing their systematic position. We also calculated evolutionary divergence times for major discomycetous taxa based on phylogenetic relationships using a combined LSU, SSU and RPB2 data set from 175 strains and fossil data. Our results confirm that discomycetes are found in two major subphyla of the Ascomycota: Taphrinomycotina and Pezizomycotina. The taxonomic placement of major discomycete taxa is briefly discussed. The most basal group of discomycetes is the class Neolectomycetes, which diverged from other Taphrinomycotina around 417 MYA (216–572), and the most derived group of discomycetes, the class Lecanoromycetes, diverged from Eurotiomycetes around 340 MYA (282–414). Further clarifications based on type specimens, designation of epitypes or reference specimens from fresh collections, and multi-gene analyses are needed to determine the taxonomic arrangement of many discomycetes.
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Urbanavichus, G. & Urbanavichene, I. 2014. An inventory of the lichen flora of Lagonaki Highland (NW Caucasus, Russia). — Herzogia 27: 285–319. The lichen flora of the Lagonaki Highland (NW Caucasus) was examined. A list of 677 species, including 610 lichenized fungi, 60 lichenicolous fungi and 7 non-lichenized saprophytic fungi, is presented based on the authors' original observations. Locality and substrate data are additionally given. 491 species are recorded from the Lagonaki Highland for the first time. 125 species are new records for the Russian Caucasus, including 112 not previously recorded from the Greater Caucasus. Thirty-six species are reported from Russia for the first time: Alyxoria variaeformis, Anema tumidulum, Arthonia calcicola, Arthothelium orbilliferum, Bacidia coprodes, Biatora veteranorum, Calicium victorianum, Caloplaca rouxii, C. schoeferi, Candelariella oleaginescens, Didymellopsis pulposi, Endococcus pseudocarpus, Farnoldia muscigena, Fulgensia fulgida, Gyalecta thelotremella, Lecania coeruleorubella, Lecanora reuteri, Lichenochora wasseri, Lobothallia cheresina, Marchandiobasidium aurantiacum, Niesslia peltigericola, Opegrapha rotunda, Physcia erumpens, Placidiopsis tiroliensis, Placynthium posterulum, Polysporina cyclocarpa, Rinodina furfuracea, R. luridata, Scoliciosporum schadeanum, Stigmidium eucline, S. lecidellae, Verrucaria mortarii, V. ochrostoma, Verrucula elegantaria, Vezdaea stipitata. The ecology of some interesting species and the conservation status of the lichen flora in the study region are discussed. The flora contains some interesting indicators of long ecological continuity of the forests.
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First catalogue of the lichen flora of Russia contains 3388 species, and 488 genera of lichens, lichenicolous and allied non-lichenized fungi, occurring in 14 principal regions. The list is mainly based on the critical analysis and comprehensive compilation of published data, supplemented with data from some key herbaria through the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF). The synonyms include about 1190 infrageneric epithets. Thirteen species are reported for Russia for the first time: Arthonia apotheciorum, Arthonia epimela, Arthonia gelidae, Belonia mediterranea, Biatora pontica, Caloplaca pollinii, Gyalecta subclausa, Peccania cernohorskyi, Porina ginzbergeri, Porina rosei, Stereocaulon tornense, Thyrea plicatissima, Vezdaea dawsoniae.
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Comments on 11 species of cyanophilic lichens are presented. A new combination Peccania cernohorskyi is proposed, commented on and typified. Anema nodulosum, A. prodigulum, Lempholemma intricatum, Leptogium ferax, Porocyphus rehmicus and Zahlbrucknerella calcarea are reported from Slovakia for the first time, Leptogium biatorinum and L. magnussonii from Hungary, and Anema prodigulum, Heppia adglutinata, Leptogium biatorinum and Psorotichia taurica from the Czech Republic. Leptogium cretaceum is lectotypified.
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GUTTOVÁ, A., Character of lichen diversity of Slovak part of the Pie-niny Mts. and its adjacent area. Biosozologia, Bratislava, 3: 23–45, 2005; ISBN 80-223-2156-7. Abstract: Lichen flora of the National Park Pieniny was recently studied from 1996 until now. The results are presented along with the summary of up-to-date knowledge. The list of lichens comprised 287 lichen species. The lichens Sticta fuliginosa, Lobaria pulmonaria, Menegazzia terebrata, Parmotrema chinense, Collema nigrescens have been missing since the sixties, thus considered extinct here. Diversity and threat of particular species is discussed and future prospects for some of the epiphytes is outlined. Úvod Poznanie druhovej pestrosti bioty láka do krajinársky jedinečných Pienin už dlho. Indí-cií na lokalizáciu zaujímavých elementov flóry i fauny je viacero – absencia tatranského i severského ľadovca počas posledného glaciálu, geologická stavba, konfigurácia terénu a klíma. Geomorfologická členitosť územia (úzke i širšie doliny, kaňonovité rokliny, vystupujúce bradlá) ponúka rôznorodosť stanovištých podmienok. Umožňuje tak rozvoj termoxerofytov na južných a juhozápadných, výhrevných expozíciách a naopak uplat-ňovanie montánnych prvkov na severne orientovaných svahoch a v inverzných polo-hách. Geografická poloha tohto prevažne vápencového územia je takisto špecifická. Stýkajú sa tu areály boreálnych a submediteránnych či pontických druhov. Pieniny sú okrem mozaiky fytogeografických elementov pozoruhodné prítomnosťou zástupcov rôznych kategórií endemitov, od karpatských (Campanula carpatica, Carduus glauci-nus, Jovibarba globifera subs. glabrescens, Pyrethrum clusii, Thymus pulcherrimus subsp. pulcherrimus), západokarpatských (Carduus lobulatus, Dianthus praecox subsp. praecox, Hesperis nivea, Pulsatilla slavica) po lokálne pieniské endemity (Artemisia absinthium var. calcigena, Centaruium minus var. pieninum, Dendranthema zawadskii