The EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL questionnaire: validation study for Spanish bone metastases patients

Radiotherapeutic Oncology Department, Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra, Irunlarrea 3, 31008, Pamplona, Spain, .
Quality of Life Research (Impact Factor: 2.49). 09/2013; 23(3). DOI: 10.1007/s11136-013-0511-9
Source: PubMed


Quality of life (QL) is a key outcome for advanced disease cancer patients. The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) has developed the QLQ-C15-PAL questionnaire, a short version of the QLQ-C30 for palliative care. The aim of the present study is to validate the QLQ-C15-PAL for use with Spanish patients with bone metastasis.
For this study, we used a consecutive sample of stage IV cancer patients with bone metastases who started radiotherapy with palliative intention. Two assessments were proposed for each patient: one on the first day of treatment and one a month after the end of the radiotherapy sessions. Psychometric evaluation of the structure, reliability, and validity was undertaken.
One hundred and sixteen patients completed the first questionnaire and seventy five completed the second. Multitrait scaling analysis showed that all items met the standards for convergent validity, and all except the fatigue scale met the standards for divergent validity. Cronbach's coefficient met the 0.7 alpha criterion on all scales except pain (second assessment). Most QLQ-C15-PAL areas had low-to-moderate correlations with the other areas. Significant differences appeared in the comparisons between groups with regard to: patients who died before the second assessment (six areas); patients receiving chemotherapy before starting radiotherapy in the two assessments (three and four areas, respectively); the performance status in the two assessments (nine and eight areas); and the number of RT sessions received (four). Quality of life was better in the second assessment in nine areas.
The QLQ-C15-PAL is a reliable and valid instrument when applied to a sample of Spanish patients. These results are in line with those of other validation studies.

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Available from: Juan I Arraras, Oct 03, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Health related quality of life (HRQOL) is an important outcome in cancer care and needs assessment by a valid questionnaire. HRQOL questionnaires need to be validated after translations to other languages and cultural settings. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Arabic version of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life 15 items Questionnaire for Palliative Care (EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL). Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of a convenient sample of inpatients with cancer. Results: One hundred seventy-five patients completed the EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL questionnaire. Cronbach's alpha coefficient met the 0.7 alpha criterion. Confirmatory factor analysis met the goodness of fit criteria; goodness-of-fit index (GFI), comparative fit index (CFI), normed fit index (NFI) and non-normed fit index (NNFI) >0.90 and root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) <0.06. All item-scale correlation coefficients exceeded the set value of 0.40, indicating satisfactory convergent validity. In terms of discriminant validity, all items in the questionnaire showed a higher item-scale correlation than item-other scale correlation, except for items 1 and 2 (physical function scale) that showed a higher correlation with fatigue. Construct validity was tested by item inter scale correlation coefficient. All constructs had correlation coefficient <0.70. External validity was tested by comparison of scores of patients who had metastasis and who did not have metastasis. Significant differences (P value <0.05) were found in all scales except for nausea. Age groups were compared and showed significant differences for physical function, fatigue, and global score of HRQOL. Conclusion: The Arabic version of the EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL is valid and reliable.
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