Laparoscopic hepatic resection for metastatic liver tumor of colorectal cancer: Comparative analysis of short- and long-term results
Department of Surgery, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, 3-18-15 Kuramoto-cho, Tokushima, 770-8503, Japan, . Surgical Endoscopy
(Impact Factor: 3.26).
08/2013; 28(1). DOI: 10.1007/s00464-013-3165-3
With the progress of surgical techniques and devices, laparoscopic hepatectomy (Lap-Hx) became a realizable option for patients with liver tumors. However, the feasibility of Lap-Hx for metastatic liver tumor of colorectal cancer also should be guaranteed oncologically. This study evaluated the short- and long-term outcomes of Lap-Hx compared with open hepatectomy (Open-Hx) for patients with colorectal liver metastasis (CLM) by matched-pair analysis.
This study enrolled 21 patients who underwent Lap-Hx and compared them with 21 matched patients who underwent Open-Hx. The following parameters were matched between the two cohorts: tumor size, tumor location, and operative procedures. Both short- and long-term outcomes of Lap-Hx were compared with those of Open-Hx.
No difference was observed between the two groups in terms of age, gender, tumor size, or operative procedures. With regard to short-term outcomes, the operative time for Lap-Hx (377 ± 29 min) was similar to that for Open-Hx (369 ± 31 min), whereas the blood loss for the patients who underwent a Lap-Hx (198 ± 39 ml) was significantly less than for those who underwent an Open-Hx (326 ± 50 ml). The incidence of postoperative complications among the patients who underwent Lap-Hx tended to be lower than for the patients who underwent Open-Hx, and intraabdominal abscess was observed only in the Open-Hx group. The hospital stay for Lap-Hx (average, 18.3 days) tended to be shorter than for Open-Hx (27 days). With respect to long-term outcomes, the two groups did not differ significantly in terms of 5-year overall and disease-free survival rates.
Lap-Hx is a safe and feasible option for selected patients with CLM. The short- and long-term outcomes of Lap-Hx also are considered to be acceptable.
Available from: PubMed Central
- "For the other 11 studies, 5 studies reported all patients underwent single liver resection , , , , . The residual 6 studies reported a portion of patients underwent liver resection and the other patients underwent synchronous hepatectomy and colectomy in each study , , , , , . Table 1 offers the baseline characteristics of all studies. "
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ABSTRACT: To compare short-term and long-term results of colorectal patients undergoing laparoscopic and open hepatectomy. Moreover, outcomes of laparoscopic versus open procedures for simultaneous primary colorectal tumor and liver metastasis resection were compared.
A systematic search was conducted in the PubMed and EmBase databases (until Oct. 22. 2013) with no limits. Bibliographic citation management software (EndNote X6) was used for extracted literature management. Quality assessment was performed according to a modification of the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. The data were analyzed using Review Manager (Version 5.1), and sensitivity analysis was performed by sequentially omitting each study.
Finally, 14 studies, including a total of 975 CLM (colorectal liver metastasis) patients, compared laparoscopic with open hepatectomy. 3 studies of them, including a total of 107 CLM patients, compared laparoscopic with open procedures for synchronous hepatectomy and colectomy. Laparoscopic hepatectomy was associated with a significantly less blood loss, shorter hospitalization time, and less operative transfusion rate. In addition, lower hospital morbidity rate (OR = 0.57, 95%CI:0.42-0.78, P = 0.0005) and better R0 resection (OR = 2.44, 95%CI:1.21-4.94, P = 0.01) were observed in laparoscopic hepatectomy. For long-term outcomes, there were no significant differences between two surgical procedures on recurrence and overall survival. In comparison of synchronous hepatectomy and colectomy, laparoscopic procedure displayed shorter hospitalization (MD = -3.40, 95%CI:-4.37-2.44, P<0.00001) than open procedure. Other outcomes, including surgical time, estimated blood loss, hospital morbidity, and overall survival did not differ significantly in the comparison.
Laparoscopic hepatectomy with or without synchronous colectomy are acceptable for selective CLM patients. We suggest standard inclusion criteria of CLM patients be formulated.
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Liver resection can improve long-term survival for liver metastases from colorectal cancer. Laparoscopic hepatectomy is gaining increasing applications in colorectal liver metastases. We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of laparoscopic liver resection compared with open hepatectomy for patients with colorectal liver metastases.
Materials and methods:
We performed both database and manual searching for comparative studies published before June 2013 without language or region restriction. Outcomes of interest consisted of perioperative outcomes and oncologic outcomes.
Seven observational studies including 624 patients (241 in the laparoscopic group, 383 in the open group) were included. No randomized controlled trials were available. Pooled long-term oncologic outcomes of overall survival (hazard ratio=0.844; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.412, 1.730; P=.644; I(2)=80.6%) and disease-free survival (hazard ratio=1.234; 95% CI 0.652, 2.333; P=.518; I(2)=79.6%) were similar in both groups. Subgroup analyses of studies with high quality and homogeneity confirmed the above outcomes. However, a lower incidence of R1 resection was observed in the laparoscopic group (relative risk [RR]=0.357; 95% CI 0.180, 0.708; P=.003; I(2)=0.0%) than in the open group. As for perioperative outcomes, laparoscopic hepatectomy presented a lower occurrence of postoperative complications (RR=0.647; 95% CI 0.477, 0.877; P=.005; I(2)=0.0%) and similar mortality (RR=0.625; 95% CI 0.12, 3.25; P=.576; I(2)=0.0%); less blood loss and less need for transfusion were also found in laparoscopic patients, whereas comparable operative time and length of hospital stay were required in the two groups.
Laparoscopic hepatectomy is a safe procedure for colorectal liver metastases with long-term survival comparable to that of open hepatectomy. More prospective studies with adequate subgroup analyses are awaited to construct defined criteria for patient selection. Future randomized controlled trials are needed to eliminate potential selection bias and to confirm this conclusion.
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Laparoscopic hepatectomy (Lap-Hx) has been increasingly performed for patients with liver tumors as surgical techniques and devices have progressed. However, the long-term outcomes of Lap-Hx for malignant liver tumors are not oncologically guaranteed. This study compared the short- and long-term outcomes between Lap-Hx and open hepatectomy (Open-Hx) for malignant liver tumors by matched-pair analysis.
The indications for Lap-Hx at our department are a tumor size of
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