Association of exercise with quality of life and mood symptoms in a comparative effectiveness study of bipolar disorder

The Massachusetts General Hospital, USA. Electronic address: .
Journal of Affective Disorders (Impact Factor: 3.38). 08/2013; 151(2). DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2013.07.031
Source: PubMed


Individuals with bipolar disorder lead a sedentary lifestyle associated with worse course of illness and recurrence of symptoms. Identifying potentially modifiable predictors of exercise frequency could lead to interventions with powerful consequences on the course of illness and overall health.
The present study examines baseline reports of exercise frequency of bipolar patients in a multi-site comparative effectiveness study of a second generation antipsychotic (quetiapine) versus a classic mood stabilizer (lithium). Demographics, quality of life, functioning, and mood symptoms were assessed.
Approximately 40% of participants reported not exercising regularly (at least once per week). Less frequent weekly exercise was associated with higher BMI, more time depressed, more depressive symptoms, and lower quality of life and functioning. In contrast, more frequent exercise was associated with experiencing more mania in the past year and more current manic symptoms.
Exercise frequency was measured by self-report and details of the exercise were not collected. Analyses rely on baseline data, allowing only for association analyses. Directionality and predictive validity cannot be determined. Data were collected in the context of a clinical trial and thus, it is possible that the generalizability of the findings could be limited.
There appears to be a mood-specific relationship between exercise frequency and polarity such that depression is associated with less exercise and mania with more exercise in individuals with bipolar disorder. This suggests that increasing or decreasing exercise could be a targeted intervention for patients with depressive or mood elevation symptoms, respectively.

Download full-text


Available from: Vivek Singh
  • Source
    • "Of note, YMRS and CGI-Mania scores increased over the study duration. These data support other recent findings that more frequent exercise is associated with greater manic symptom severity (Sylvia et al. 2013); however, it is also possible that this is a chance finding as these changes were not clinically meaningful. In short, further research is warranted to investigate the association of elevated mood and exercise/ lifestyle interventions. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This pilot study examines the proof of concept of a consolidated Nutrition, Exercise, and Wellness Treatment (NEW Tx) for overweight individuals with bipolar disorder. Five participants completed NEW Tx, a 20-week individual cognitive behavioral therapy-based treatment comprising three modules: Nutrition teaches appropriate serving sizes and balanced diet; Exercise emphasizes increasing weekly physical activity; Wellness focuses on skills for healthy decision-making. Participants attended most sessions and reported high satisfaction with the treatment. Participants' weight, cholesterol and trigyclerides decreased over the study duration as well as number of daily calories and sugar intake. We found that weekly exercise duration more than tripled over the study duration and depressive symptoms and functioning have improved. These results offer proof of concept that consolidated NEW Tx is feasible and acceptable and has the potential to improve nutrition, exercise, wellness, and mood symptoms in bipolar disorder. Future iterations of NEW Tx will reflect the strengths and lessons learned from this study.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2013
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: With the recognition that bipolar disorder (BD) develops in a series of predictable clinical stages, clinical and research focus has shifted increasingly into early intervention and prevention. The heritability of BD is estimated to be around 85 %; therefore, children of affected parents are an identifiable and important high-risk group. Lessons from early psychosis and other areas of medicine suggest that education for high-risk families regarding recognizable clinical stages and modifiable risk factors are a reasonable starting place. Specifically, reinforcing the importance of healthy nutrition, cardiovascular exercise, maintaining normal body mass index, and healthy coping strategies are important topics to cover. Early risk syndromes include sleep and anxiety disorders, which should be addressed with low-risk treatments, including sleep hygiene and individual psychotherapy. Typically, adolescence marks the age of onset of depressive disorders related to the bipolar diathesis. This is also the time when poor coping through substance abuse emerges. It is very important when assessing a depressed adolescent to understand the familial risk of psychiatric disorders. While psychotherapy is typically effective for mild non-psychotic depression, the acute treatment of moderate–severe major depression in adolescents and young adults with a confirmed family history of BD is a topic of considerable debate. The treatment decision should be taken together with the patient and family, with full discussion of the risks and potential benefits. Options include a closely monitored trial of low-dose antidepressant, discontinued immediately upon resolution of the depressive episode, or mood stabilizer that fits the patient profile, or a combination of these two, in addition to psychotherapy and reducing modifiable risk factors. When a high-risk subject manifests a diagnosable manic or hypomanic episode (typically years after the first depressive episode in late adolescence or adulthood) the question arises of whether to initiate prophylactic treatment. Potential candidates are those with a high recurrence risk and/or concern about the recurrence of a severe episode. Research has shown that most patients can be stabilized, with selected monotherapy individualized on the basis of the nature of the clinical course (episodic vs. non-episodic), quality of the spontaneous remission, and family history of psychiatric disorders and treatment response. Novel adjunctive treatments including nutraceuticals, antioxidants, and anti-inflammatory agents are being studied and may be helpful in high-risk individuals during the early stages of illness development.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014
  • Source

    Full-text · Article · May 2014 · Frontiers in Psychiatry
Show more