Early Results of the Swiss Multicentre Bypass Or Sleeve Study (SM-BOSS): A Prospective Randomized Trial Comparing Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

*Departments of Surgery and Internal Medicine, Claraspital, Basel, Switzerland †Departments of Surgery and Internal Medicine, Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland ‡Department of Surgery, Kantonsspital St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland §Department of Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, University Hospital Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland.
Annals of surgery (Impact Factor: 8.33). 08/2013; 258(5). DOI: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e3182a67426
Source: PubMed


Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been proposed as an effective alternative to the current standard procedure, laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). Prospective data comparing both procedures are rare. Therefore, we performed a randomized clinical trial assessing the effectiveness and safety of these 2 operative techniques.
Two hundred seventeen patients were randomized at 4 bariatric centers in Switzerland. One hundred seven patients underwent LSG using a 35-F bougie with suturing of the stapler line, and 110 patients underwent LRYGB with a 150-cm antecolic alimentary and a 50-cm biliopancreatic limb. The mean body mass index of all patients was 44 ± 11.1 kg/m, the mean age was 43 ± 5.3 years, and 72% were female.
The 2 groups were similar in terms of body mass index, age, sex, comorbidities, and eating behavior. The mean operative time was less for LSG than for LRYGB (87 ± 52.3 minutes vs 108 ± 42.3 minutes; P = 0.003). The conversion rate was 0.9% in both groups. Complications (<30 days) occurred more often in LRYGB than in LSG (17.2% vs 8.4%; P = 0.067). However, the difference in severe complications did not reach statistical significance (4.5% for LRYGB vs 1% for LSG; P = 0.21). Excessive body mass index loss 1 year after the operation was similar between the 2 groups (72.3% ± 22% for LSG and 76.6% ± 21% for LRYGB; P = 0.2). Except for gastroesophageal reflux disease, which showed a higher resolution rate after LRYGB, the comorbidities and quality of life were significantly improved after both procedures.
LSG was associated with shorter operation time and a trend toward fewer complications than with LRYGB. Both procedures were almost equally efficient regarding weight loss, improvement of comorbidities, and quality of life 1 year after surgery. Long-term follow-up data are needed to confirm these facts.

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    • "Subsequently, this procedure has been the most commonly performed bariatric surgery (60–80 %) in the US, with more than 700,000 persons in the US over the last decade having undergone RYGB [2]. In recent years sleeve gastrectomy (SG), a procedure in which there is selective removal of the gastric fundus and greater curvature of the stomach without intestinal bypass, has also become popular, with comparable weight loss to RYGB [3], from a technically easier procedure; SG comprised approximately one-third of bariatric procedures in 2012 [4]. While bariatric surgical procedures are still categorized as restrictive or malabsorptive, this dichotomization has been questioned recently [5] and there is certainly more to be learned about the mechanisms of action of RYBG and SG. "
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    ABSTRACT: To date, weight loss surgeries are the most effective treatment for obesity and glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG), two widely used bariatric procedures for the treatment of obesity, induce diabetes remission independent of weight loss while glucose improvement after adjustable gastric banding (AGB) is proportional to the amount of weight loss. The immediate, weight-loss independent glycemic effect of gastric bypass has been attributed to postprandial hyperinsulinemia and an enhanced incretin effect. The rapid passage of nutrients into the intestine likely accounts for significantly enhanced glucagon like-peptide 1 (GLP-1) secretion, and postprandial hyperinsulinemia after GB is typically attributed to the combined effects of elevated glucose and GLP-1. For this review we focus on the beneficial effects of the three most commonly performed bariatric procedures, RYGB, SG, and AGB, on glucose metabolism and diabetes remission. Central to this discussion will be the extent to which the effects of surgery are mediated by GLP-1. Better understanding of these mechanisms could provide insight to development of novel therapeutic strategies for treatment of diabetes as well as refinement of surgical techniques.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders
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    ABSTRACT: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) are the most common bariatric procedures undertaken globally but there are no evidenced-based criteria that inform the selection of one operation over the other. The purpose of this study was thus to compare weight loss outcomes between RYGBP and SG, and to define patient factors affecting weight loss. A single-centre two-year follow-up retrospective cohort study of all adults who underwent either RYGBP (n = 422) or SG (n = 432) between 2007 and 2012, at University College London Hospitals National Health Service Foundation Trust, an academic tertiary referral centre, was undertaken. Multilevel linear regression was used to compare weight loss between groups, enabling adjustment for preoperative BMI (body mass index) and evaluation for interaction factors. One- and two-year results showed that unadjusted BMI loss was similar between groups; 13.7 kg/m(2) (95% CI: 12.9, 14.6 kg/m(2)) and 12.8 kg/m(2) (95% CI: 11.8, 13.9 kg/m(2)) for RYGBP patients respectively compared with 13.3 kg/m(2) (95% CI: 12.0, 14.6 kg/m(2)) and 11.5 kg/m(2) (95% CI: 10.1, 13.0 kg/m(2)) for SG patients respectively. Adjusting for preoperative BMI, there was 2.2 kg/m(2) (95% CI: 1.5, 2.8) and 2.3 kg/m(2) (95% CI: 1.3, 3.3) greater BMI loss in the RYGBP group compared to the SG group at one and two years respectively (P < 0.001 for both). The interaction analyses demonstrated that age and sex had important differential impacts on SG and RYGBP weight outcomes. Men under 40 and women over 50 years obtained on average far less benefit from SG compared to RYGBP, whereas men over 40 years and women under 50 years experienced similar weight loss with either procedure (P = 0.001 and 0.022 for interaction effects at one and two years respectively). Our results show that patient sex and age significantly impact on weight loss in a procedure-dependent manner and should be considered when choosing between RYGBP and SG. Optimizing procedure selection could enhance the effectiveness of bariatric surgery, thus further increasing the benefit-to-risk ratio of this highly effective intervention.
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