Interactions of serum cholesterol with anti-herpesvirus responses affect disease progression in clinically isolated syndromes

Department of Neurology, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA.
Journal of neuroimmunology (Impact Factor: 2.47). 08/2013; 263(1). DOI: 10.1016/j.jneuroim.2013.07.010
Source: PubMed


To investigate whether anti-herpesvirus antibodies are associated with serum cholesterol profiles in clinically isolated syndromes (CIS).
Pre-treatment serum samples from 118 high-risk CIS patients were analyzed for IgG antibodies against cytomegalovirus (anti-CMV), Epstein Barr virus (EBV) viral capsid antigen (VCA) and EBV nuclear antigen-1 (EBNA-1). A lipid profile consisting of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and total cholesterol (TC) was obtained. Clinical and MRI assessments were obtained at baseline, 6, 12, and 24months after start of interferon-beta treatment.
The study included 118 CIS patients (77 females, 41 males, 65.3% female; mean age: 28.1±SD 8.1years). Anti-EBV EBNA-1 antibody levels were associated with LDL-C (p=0.009) and TC (p=0.008) levels. Anti-CMV positivity status was associated with reduced time to relapse (p=0.006) and the greater number of relapses (p=0.009) in patients with high HDL-C. Anti-EBV VCA antibody levels were associated with greater number of new T2 lesions (p=0.002) and with increased brain atrophy (p<0.001) in patients with high LDL-C.
Our results indicate that higher levels of anti-EBV EBNA-1 antibodies are associated with higher LDL-C and TC levels. Anti-CMV positive individuals have greater disease progression in the presence of higher HDL-C levels. Individuals with higher levels of anti-EBV VCA antibodies have greater progression on MRI measures in the presence of higher LDL-C.

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