Interactions of serum cholesterol with anti-herpesvirus responses affect disease progression in clinically isolated syndromes
Department of Neurology, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA. Journal of neuroimmunology
(Impact Factor: 2.47).
08/2013; 263(1). DOI: 10.1016/j.jneuroim.2013.07.010
To investigate whether anti-herpesvirus antibodies are associated with serum cholesterol profiles in clinically isolated syndromes (CIS).
Pre-treatment serum samples from 118 high-risk CIS patients were analyzed for IgG antibodies against cytomegalovirus (anti-CMV), Epstein Barr virus (EBV) viral capsid antigen (VCA) and EBV nuclear antigen-1 (EBNA-1). A lipid profile consisting of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and total cholesterol (TC) was obtained. Clinical and MRI assessments were obtained at baseline, 6, 12, and 24months after start of interferon-beta treatment.
The study included 118 CIS patients (77 females, 41 males, 65.3% female; mean age: 28.1±SD 8.1years). Anti-EBV EBNA-1 antibody levels were associated with LDL-C (p=0.009) and TC (p=0.008) levels. Anti-CMV positivity status was associated with reduced time to relapse (p=0.006) and the greater number of relapses (p=0.009) in patients with high HDL-C. Anti-EBV VCA antibody levels were associated with greater number of new T2 lesions (p=0.002) and with increased brain atrophy (p<0.001) in patients with high LDL-C.
Our results indicate that higher levels of anti-EBV EBNA-1 antibodies are associated with higher LDL-C and TC levels. Anti-CMV positive individuals have greater disease progression in the presence of higher HDL-C levels. Individuals with higher levels of anti-EBV VCA antibodies have greater progression on MRI measures in the presence of higher LDL-C.
Available from: Tomas Uher
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Gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) pathology has an important role in disease progression of multiple sclerosis (MS).
To investigate the association between the development of GM and WM pathology and clinical disease progression in patients with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS).
This prospective, observational, 48-month follow-up study examined 210 CIS patients treated with 30 µg of intramuscular interferon beta-1a once a week. MRI and clinical assessments were performed at baseline, 6, 12, 24, 36 and 48 months. Associations between clinical worsening [24-weeks sustained disability progression (SDP) and occurrence of a second clinical attack] and longitudinal changes in lesion accumulation and brain atrophy progression were investigated by a mixed-effect model analysis after correction for multiple comparisons.
SDP was observed in 32 (15.2%) CIS patients, while 146 (69.5%) were stable and 32 (15.2%) showed sustained disability improvement. 112 CIS patients (53.3%) developed clinically definite MS (CDMS). CIS patients who developed SDP showed increased lateral ventricle volume (p < .001), decreased GM (p = .011) and cortical (p = .001) volumes compared to patients who remained stable or improved in disability. Converters to CDMS showed an increased rate of accumulation of number of new/enlarging T2 lesions (p < .001), decreased whole brain (p = .007) and increased lateral ventricle (p = .025) volumes.
Development of GM pathology and LVV enlargement are associated with SDP. Conversion to CDMS in patients with CIS over 48 months is dependent on the accumulation of new lesions, LVV enlargement and whole brain atrophy progression.
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ABSTRACT: There is increasing evidence that serum lipoprotein cholesterol biomarkers are associated with disease progression in clinically isolated syndromes (CIS). Apolipoproteins (Apo) are recognition ligands that mediate the physiological interactions of cholesterol-containing lipoproteins. The objective of this study was to investigate whether serum Apo levels are associated with CIS disease progression.
ApoB, ApoAI, ApoAII, ApoE and lipoprotein (a) (Lpa) levels were measured in serum samples obtained prior to the start of treatment from 181 CIS patients (123 women, 58 men, 68% women; mean age: 28.1±SD 8.1 years). All patients were treated with intramuscular interferon-β as part of the prospective study. Clinical and MRI assessments were obtained at baseline, 6, 12 and 24 months after start of interferon-β treatment.
Greater ApoB levels were associated with increased number of new T2 lesions (p<0.001) and increased number of new or enlarging T2 lesions (p<0.001) over 2 years. Each 10 mg/dL of greater baseline ApoB is associated with a 16% increase in the number of new T2 lesions over 2 years. ApoAI, ApoAII, ApoE and Lpa were not associated with T2 lesions. Greater ApoE levels were associated with greater deep grey matter atrophy (partial correlation rp=-0.28, p<0.001). Each 1 mg/dL increment in ApoE levels was associated with a 1% increase in deep grey matter atrophy over 2 years.
Serum ApoB levels are associated with new lesion accumulation whereas ApoE levels are associated with deep grey matter atrophy in high risk CIS patients treated with interferon β-1a.
Available from: Bert 't Hart
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ABSTRACT: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disabling autoimmune disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Cytomegalovirus (CMV), a beta herpes virus, may have a detrimental or beneficial role in MS pathology. Accumulating evidence indicates that CMV contributes to MS disease via interplay of different mechanisms such as molecular mimicry, bystander activation, and epitope spreading. The activation and expansion of a specific T cell subset, CD4(+)CD28(null)T cells, via CMV infection could also contribute to MS pathology. Various additional observations also indicate a protective effect of CMV on autoimmune diseases. CMV immune evasion may mitigate the autoimmune reactions and proinflammatory milieu that contribute to MS.
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