The inactivation and injury of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Listeria monocytogenes in Tryptic soy broth stored at −5, −18 and −28°C were studied. Regardless of storage temperature, viable populations of E. coli O157:H7 and L. monocytogenes determined with TSA (uninjured and injured cells) or TSAB (uninjured cells), decreased as the storage time increased. However, the least surviving population ... [Show full abstract] of both test organisms was noted when stored at −18°C followed by those stored at −28 and −5°C. The viable populations of E. coli O157:H7 determined either with TSA or TSAB, was reduced most drastically during the first day of storage then decreased slowly thereafter. Viable populations of L. monocytogenes declined slightly and gradually during the entire storage period. Furthermore, E. coli O157:H7 was found more susceptible to the freezing storage than L. monocytogenes. After 21-day storage at −18°C, population reduction of E. coli O157:H7 determined with TSA was ca 1.72 log CFU/ml. On the other hand, a population reduction of only 0.64 log CFU/ml was noted with L. monocytogenes. Besides, the surviving population of E. coli O157:H7 contained a larger proportion of injured cells than L. monocytogenes.