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Telephone products such as answering machines, caller-ID services, and cell phones simplify modern-day life yet present an increasing challenge for survey researchers. In particular, contact and response rates have suffered due to changes in telephone usage patterns. To understand the effect that these technologies have on our research center, we examine cell phones, whose growing presence stands to greatly impact survey research. Through an RDD telephone survey, we examined cell phone usage, screening behavior of unknown numbers, reactions to survey research, and incentives, as well as potential cell phone behavior. Our study revealed a high prevalence of cell phone usage even among those who also own a landline telephone. We found that overall data quality is not impacted, as simple weighting techniques ensure that our collected data are representative. However, this dual telephone usage and the increasing future use of cell phones are still potential challenges to our research institution.
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The effect of the advance letter was examined by experiments during two mail surveys. Results show the advance letter significantly improved response rates. The advance letter, however, did not affect how fast a questionnaire was returned, how many questions were not answered, and how the respondent answered the questions.
Widely praised as an outstanding contribution to social welfare and feminist scholarship, Regulating the Lives of Women (1988, 1996) was one of the first books to apply a race and gender lens to the U.S. welfare state. The first two editions successfully exposed how myths and stereotypes built into welfare state rules and regulations define women as "deserving" or "undeserving" of aid depending on their race, class, gender, and marital status. Based on considerable new research, the preface to this third edition explains the rise of Neoliberal policies in the mid-1970s, the strategies deployed since then to dismantle the welfare state, and the impact of this sea change on women and the welfare state after 1996. Published upon the twentieth anniversary of "welfare reform," Regulating the Lives of Women offers a timely reminder that public policy continues to punish poor women, especially single mothers-of-color for departing from prescribed wife and mother roles. The book will appeal to undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate students of social work, sociology, history, public policy, political science, and women, gender, and black studies - as well as today's researchers and activists.
Acknowledgements - The Great Breast-Feeding Question - A Tidal Wave of Good Advice - Infant Feeding in Women's Lives - Public Space and Private Bodies - Breast-feeding, Sex and Bodies - 'She said the baby belonged to the state': Health Professionals and Mothering - Control and Resistance in Infant Feeding Regimes - Feminism and Infant Feeding: Theory and Policy - Bibliography - Index