The Dead Sea transform (DST) extends 1000 km from the Sinai triple junction in the south to the Tauros- Zagros collision zone in Turkey in the north. In Jordan, the DST consists of three morphotectonic elements; the Wadi Araba in the south, the Dead Sea basin in the middle and the Jordan Valley in the north. The Dead Sea is a pull- apart basin that formed due to the overlap of the Wadi Araba fault (WAF) and the Jordan Valley fault (JVF). The movement along the transform is active as indicated from both the geomorphological features and from the seismic activity. The DST is a major left lateral strike slip fault that accommodates the relative motion of the Arabian plate to the east and the Sinai plate to the west, where 107 km of cumulative left lateral offset has occurred over the last 18 million years. Based on this offset, the accumulated slip rate is estimated to be 5-10 mm/yr. Based on aerial photographic analysis of the DST and earthquake catalogue information, it is suggested that the present day slip rate has been slower (1.5-3.5 mm/yr) when compared with the Pleistocene rates. Recent work on offset alluvial fan surfaces and drainage along the northern Wadi Araba fault indicates a slip rate of 4.7 mm/yr (Niemi et al., 2000) and 4 mm/yr (Klinger, 2000). In the Jordan Valley fault a slip rate of 7 mm/yr in the last 13000 years was estimated based on aerial photograph and satellite image interpretation (Al-Taj, 2000). Active strike slip faults display distinct morphological features along its trace. The DST in Jordan Valley has a series of morphotectonic features, such as pressure ridges and sag ponds. These features are formed in the place of fault steps or bends (Keller and Pinter, 1996). Fault scarps are formed along most of the trace indicating a dip slip component of displacement. Historical, archeological and paleoseismic data are combined from two trench sites to build a unique composite catalogue of large past earthquakes. On that basis, evidence for surface rupture during the AD 749 and AD 1033 earthquakes was shown. Overall, 8 surface-rupturing events for the last 14 kyr were identified. A temporal analysis displays clusters of seismicity as well as quiescence periods as well as a 600- to 1000-yr-long recurrence interval for large earthquakes in the last 14 kyr.