The Science of Low Energy
Energy K. Systems
What is Cold Fusion?
•Occurs in a special solid materials
at low applied energy.
•Produces mainly helium-4 and heat
•Small, simple devices can make
•Involves fusion of deuterium and
many other nuclear reactions.
•Has been studied for 18 years and
is not understood.
•Is a clean energy source.
•Is difficult to replicate.
•Occurs in a plasma or upon
application of high energy.
•Produces neutrons, tritium and
•A very large reactor is required to
make useful power.
•Involves fusion of tritium and
•Has been studied for 60 years and
is well understood.
•Is a dirty energy source.
•Is difficult to make useful.
How is Cold Fusion Initiated?
How Much Power is Produced?
0 40 80 120 160 200
All 157 values, 0.005-183 W, 12.7 W mean
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40
Power based on 157 reported studies
What is the Main Source of Energy?
Helium production is the main source of energy
What Reactions Occur?
•d + d >
He + (23.5 MeV)
•d + d > p(3.02 MeV) + t(1.01 MeV)
•n*d + M = fusion, fission, He
•d + d >
He(0.82 MeV) + n(2.45 MeV)
•d + t > n(14.01MeV) +
•d + p >
He + gamma (5.5 MeV)
•The nuclear reactions occur in a special
•Once this NAE is created, the effects are
•When the NAE can be made in large
amounts, this will be an ideal energy
More information at www.LENR.org