The Satoyama Initiative is “a global e ort to realise societies in harmony with nature”, started through a joint collaboration between the United Nations University (UNU) and the Ministry of the Environment of Japan. The initiative focuses on the revitalisation and sustainable management of “socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes” (SEPLS), areas where production activities help maintain biodiversity and ecosystem services in various forms while sustainably supporting the livelihoods and well-being of local communities. In 2010, the International Partnership for the Satoyama Initiative (IPSI) was established to implement the concept of the Satoyama Initiative and promote various activities by enhancing awareness and creating synergies among those working with SEPLS. IPSI provides a unique platform for organisations to exchange views and experiences and to nd partners for collaboration. At the time of writing, 220 members have joined the partnership, including governmental, intergovernmental, nongovernmental, private-sector, academic and indigenous peoples’ organisations.
The Satoyama Initiative promotes the concept of SEPLS (through a three-fold approach that argues for connection of land- and seascapes holistically for management of SEPLS (Figure 1). This often means involvement of several sectors at the landscape scale, under which it seeks to: 1. consolidate wisdom in securing diverse ecosystem service and values, 2. integrate traditional ecosystem knowledge and modern science and 3. explore new forms of co-management systems. Furthermore, activities for SEPLS conservation cover multiple dimensions, such as equity, addressing poverty and deforestation, and incorporation of traditional knowledge for sustainable management practices in primary production processes such as agriculture, sheries and forestry. (UNU-IAS & IGES 2015)
Resource use within the carrying capacity of the environment
Societies in harmony with nature
1. Consolidate wisdom on securing diverse ecosystem services and values
2. Integrate traditional ecological knowledge and modern science
3. Explore new forms of co-management systems
Improved community resilience
Cyclic use of natural resources
Recognition of local traditions and culture
Multi- stakeholder participation and collaboration
Contributions to sustainable socio- economies
Figure 1. The conceptual framework of the Satoyama Initiative
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As one of its core functions, IPSI serves as a knowledge-sharing platform through the collection and sharing of information and experiences on SEPLS, providing a place for discussion among members and beyond. More than 110 case studies have been collected and are shared on the IPSI website, providing a wide range of knowledge covering diverse issues related to SEPLS. Discussions have also been held to further strengthen IPSI’s knowledge-facilitation functions, with members suggesting that e orts should be made to produce knowledge on speci c issues in SEPLS in order to make more targeted contributions to decision-makers and on-the-ground practitioners.
It is in this context that a project to create a publication series titled the “Satoyama Initiative Thematic Review” was initiated in 2015 as a joint collaboration between UNU’s Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability (UNU-IAS), which hosts the IPSI Secretariat, and the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), an IPSI partner and research institute based in Japan. The Thematic Review was developed as a compilation of case studies providing useful knowledge and lessons focusing on a speci c theme that is important for “socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes (SEPLS)”. The overall aim of the Thematic Review is to collect experiences and relevant knowledge, especially from practitioners working on the ground, considering their usefulness in providing concrete and practical knowledge and information as well as their potential to contribute to policy recommendations. Each volume is also accompanied by a synthesis chapter which extracts lessons learned through the case studies, presenting them for policy-relevant academic discussions. The rst volume of the Satoyama Initiative Thematic Review was published in 2015 with the theme “enhancing knowledge for better management of SEPLS”. The second volume’s theme was “mainstreaming concepts and approaches of SEPLS into policy and decision- making “, covering topics including advocacy, multi-stakeholder engagement, facilitation and coordination of institutions, concrete tools and information useful for policymakers and stakeholders.
Purpose of the Satoyama Initiative Thematic Review Volume 3 (SITR-3)
A notable characteristic of SEPLS is the ‘intangible cultural’ link, formed between humans and nature through production processes, that has been the basis for resilient landscapes and seascapes and the communities that reside in them (UNU-IAS, Bioversity International, IGES and UNDP, 2014). The cases in this volume depict biodiversity-rich landscapes and seascapes with signi cant traditional knowledge (TK), skills, and practices associated with natural resources that are in decline to various degrees. Despite this decline, these socio-ecological systems continue to maintain certain principles of management and use, and have, according to their individual contexts and various challenges, undertaken to strengthen underlying natural and social features. The focus of this volume is to identify drivers linked to sustainable livelihoods in SEPLS that are crucial to meet needs for human well-being and to foster sustainable use of natural resources.
The eleven case studies in this volume describe experiences from countries in Asia, Europe, Africa and North America, with various socio-political and ecosystem contexts. Authors were asked to identify challenges and opportunities in sustaining livelihoods, social and ecological changes that have occurred and approaches being deployed to strengthen natural and social resilience in the landscapes and seascapes where they work. Some of these experiences are very speci c to certain sites, while others have elements in common, indicating similarities in drivers a ecting the landscape or seascape and thereby livelihoods. Responses vary among the sites, determined primarily by socio-political considerations, but can be clustered under various broad categories from market-based approaches to integrated solutions deploying both modern and traditional practices for management and value addition.
Like previous volumes, this publication was developed through a multi-stage process including both peer review and discussion among the authors at a workshop. Authors had several opportunities to get feedback, which helped them to make their manuscripts more useful and easy to understand for readers. First, each manuscript received comments from the editorial team relating primarily to their contributions to the theme of the volume. Peer review was then conducted by the authors of other chapters, with each author receiving feedback from two other authors who were requested to comment on whether the manuscript was easy to understand and informative, provided useful lessons, and so on. The aforementioned workshop was then held to enable the exchange of feedback between authors. Here, the authors presented their case studies and received comments both from the two designated reviewers and from the other workshop participants. The
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workshop also served as a place for discussion to further deepen understanding on the theme and to extract ndings across all the case studies. The basic ideas contained in the synthesis chapter were developed from the presentations and discussions during the workshop, and the chapter was made available for review by authors and selected experts before nalisation.
We believe that the above process used for developing this publication o ers an opportunity for authors from both academic and non-academic organisations to contribute to knowledge-building in an accessible and interactive way, as well as to provide high-quality papers written in simple language for academics and a broader audience alike. It is our hope that this publication will be useful in providing information and insights on sustainable management of SEPLS for practitioners, researchers and policymakers.
We would like to thank all of the authors who contributed their case studies and the other participants in the case study workshop. We also greatly appreciate the e orts of IGES for their continued collaboration in the publication process of this volume. Our grateful thanks are also due to the Ministry of the Environment, Japan for supporting the activities of IPSI and its secretariat hosted by UNU-IAS.