Our objective is to determine the accuracy of multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) in predicting pathologic grade of prostate cancer (PCa) after radical prostatectomy (RP) using simple apparent diffusion coefficient metrics and, specifically, whether mpMRI can accurately separate disease into one of two risk categories (low vs. higher grade) or one of three risk categories (low, intermediate, or ... [Show full abstract] high grade) corresponding to the new prognostic grade group (PGG) criteria.
This retrospective, HIPAA-compliant, IRB-approved study included 140 patients with PCa who underwent 3 T mpMRI with endorectal coil and transrectal ultrasound-guided (TRUS-G) biopsy before RP. MpMRI was used to classify lesions using a two-tier (low-grade/PGG 1 vs. high-grade/PGG 2-5) or a three-tier system (low-grade/PGG 1 vs. intermediate-grade/PGG 2 vs. high-grade/PGG 3-5). Accuracy of mpMRI was compared against RP for each system.
The predictive accuracy of mpMRI using the two-tier system is higher than when using three-tier system (0.77 and 0.45, respectively). There were similar rates of undergrading between mpMRI and TRUS-G biopsy compared to RP (16% & 21%; respectively); rate of overgrading was higher for mpMRI vs. TRUS-G biopsy compared to RP (42% & 17%, respectively). When mpMRI and TRUS-G biopsy are combined, rate of undergrading is 1.4% and overgrading is 11%.
MpMRI predictive accuracy is higher when using a two-tier vs. a three-tier system, suggesting that advanced metrics may be necessary to delineate intermediate- from high-grade disease. Rates of under- and overgrading decreased when mpMRI and TRUS-G biopsy are combined, suggesting that these techniques may be complementary in predicting tumor grade.