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Bees of the subfamily Nomiinae (Hymenoptera, Halictidae) of Russia and adjacent countries: Keys to genera and species

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Abstract

Original illustrated keys to 4 genera and 25 species of the subfamily Nomiinae (Halictidae) from Russia and adjacent countries are given, including Nomiapis Cockerell (9 species), Pseudapis W.F. Kirby (11), Nomia Latreille (2), and Lipotriches Gerstäcker (3). In addition to the external morphology, characters of the male genitalia are used and illustrated.
... General distribution: Europe to east Asia (Ebmer, 1988;Pesenko et al., 2000;Niu et al., 2005;Pesenko and Astafurova, 2006;Astafurova, 2013;Ascher and Pickering, 2016). General distribution: Europe to east Asia, North Africa (Ebmer, 1988;Pesenko et al., 2000;Astafurova and Pesenko, 2005;Astafurova and Pesenko, 2006;Astafurova, 2008;Astafurova, 2013;Ascher and Pickering, 2016 Published record: Morice (1921b); Popov (1967); Ebmer (1978Ebmer ( , 1988; Talebi et al. (1995); van der Zanden (1997); Pesenko et al. (2000); Khodaparast and Monfared (2012). ...
... General distribution: Europe to east Asia (Ebmer, 1988;Pesenko et al., 2000;Astafurova and Pesenko, 2005;Astafurova and Pesenko, 2006;Astafurova, 2008;Astafurova, 2013;Ascher and Pickering, 2016 Published record: Blüthgen (1937); Warncke (1982); Ebmer (1978); Izadi et al. (1998);Pesenko (2005); Khodaparast and Monfared (2012). ...
... For identification we used the keys of Terzo, Iserbyt, and Rasmont (2007) for Xylocopinae, Pesenko (1986), Pesenko et al. (2000), Amiet, Herrmann, Müller, and Neumeyer (2001), Astafurova (2008) and Dikmen (2012) for Halictidae, and Warncke (1980Warncke ( , 1992 and Banaszak and Romasenko (1998) for Megachilidae. Brief descriptions of diagnostic features are given for some rare species. ...
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The paper presents the results of the taxonomic study of the bees of the subfamily Nomioidinae mostly deposited at the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (St. Petersburg). A total of nine species were found in the Eastern Palaearctic Region. A key to species is given. An annotated list of the species includes data for each of species on its synonymy, general geographical distribution, and the material examined from the Eastern Palaearctic Region.
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Results of the study of over 10 thousand specimens of Nomiinae, mostly from the collection of the Zoological Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences (St. Petersburg). Two new synonyms are ascertained: Nomia inermis Morawitz, 1894 = Nomia orientana Warncke, 1976, syn. n. = Pseudapis guichardi Pauly, 1990, syn. n. The lectotypes of the following nominal taxa of the species group are designated: Nomia areocincta var. turcomanica Radoszkowski, N. edentata ssp. elengantissima Popov, N. inermis Morawitz, N. latipes Morawitz, N. squamata Morawitz, and N. tadzhica Popov. Distribution ranges of 11 species are significantly extended owing to the new material examined: Pseudapis elegantissima (Popov) are recorded from Russia, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan for the first time; Pseudapis inermis (Morawitz), from Georgia; Nomiapis armata (Olivier), N. equestris (Gerstäcker), Pseudapis bytinski (Warncke), and P. edentata (Morawitz), from Azerbaijan; Nomiapis valga (Gerstäcker) and Pseudapis rufescens (Morawitz), from Kazakhstan; Nomiapis bispinosa (Brullé), from Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrghyzstan; N. squamata (Morawitz), from Kyrghyzstan and Iran; N. femoralis (Pallas), from Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. An annotated list of 26 species of Nomiinae provided with data on their synonymy and distribution is given.
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Eine phylogenetische Analyse paläarktischer und orientalischer Nomaniinae bestätigt die bisher übliche Praxis, sie zwei Gattungen, Pseudapis W. F. Kirby, 1900, und Nomiapis Cockerell, 1919, zuzuordnen. - Ein regionaler synoptischer Katalog wird erstellt. Einige in Gebrauch befindliche Namen wurden bisher fehlgedeutet. Insbesondere gilt dies für Pseudapis nilotica (Smith, 1875) und Nomiapis bispinosa (Brullé, 1832), für die bislang fälschlich die Namen armata (Olivier) bzw. unidentata (Olivier) verwendet wurden. Nomia armata Olivier, 1812, ist ein älteres subjektives Synonym von N. monstrosa Costa, 1861, syn. nov.; N. unidentata Olivier, gehört zwar zu den Nomiinae, kann aber weder Pseudapis noch Nomiapis zugerechnet werden. Die folgenden weiteren Synonymien werden erkannt (nach Datum geordnet): Nomiapis bispinosa (Brullé, 1832) = Nomia basalis Smith, 1875; Pseudapis oxybeloides (Smith, 1875) = Nomia latispina Cameron, 1898 = Nomia lepidota Cockerell,1905 = Nomia biroi Friese, 1913; Pseudapis edentata (Morawitz, 1876) = Nomia orientana Warncke, 1976 = Nomia orientana negevensis Warncke, 1976 = Pseudapis guichardi (Pauly, 1990); Steganomus nodicornis (Smith, 1875) = Nomia matalea Strand, 1913; Pseudapis siamensis (Cockerell,1929) = Nomia umesaoi Sakagami, 1961 = Nomia megalobata Wu, 1983, synn. nov. Nomia (Paranomia) lutea Warncke, 1976 wird in die Gattung Leuconomia, Nomia (Clavinomia) clavicornis Warncke, 1980, in die Gattung Austronomia gestellt, beide comb. nov. Für Nomia oxybeloides Smith, 1875, Cyathocera nodicornis Smith, 1875, Nomia latispina Cameron, 1898; Nomia biroi Friese, 1913; und Nomia matalea Strand, 1913 werden Lektotypen designiert. Aus Nordostafrika und Südwestasien werden beschrieben: Pseudapis fayumensis, P. stenotarsus, Nomiapis kophenes, N. carcharodonta spp. nov. Eine regionale Bestimmungstabelle wird vorgelegt. Für Nomiapis diversipes (Latreille, 1806) und Pseudapis nilotica (Smith, 1875) werden biologische Daten zusammengestellt.Stichwörtertaxonomy, synonymy, biodiversity, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, Afghanistan, India, Pseudapis fayumensis, Pseudapis stenotarsus, Nomiapis carcharodonta, Nomiapis kophenes, sp. nov.Nomenklatorische Handlungenclavicornis (Warncke, 1980) (Austronomia), comb. n. hitherto Clavinomia clavicornisLobonomia Warncke, 1976 (Halictidae), syn. n. of Pseudapis W. F. Kirby, 1900lutea (Warncke, 1976) (Leuconomia), comb. n. hitherto Nomia luteabasalis (Smith, 1857) (Lipotriches), comb. n. hitherto Nomia basalis, described as Halictus basalisbasalis Smith, 1875 (Nomia), syn. n. of Nomiapis bispinosa (Brullé, 1832)biroi Friese, 1913 (Nomia), Lectotype; syn. n. of Pseudapis oxybeloides (Smith, 1875)latispina Cameron, 1898 (Nomia), Lectotype; syn. n. of Pseudapis oxybeloides (Smith, 1875)lepidota Cockerell, 1905 (Nomia), syn. n. of Pseudapis oxybeloides (Smith, 1875)matalea Strand, 1913 (Nomia), Lectotype; syn. n. of Steganomus nodicornis (Smith, 1875)umesaoi Sakagami, 1961 (Nomia), syn. n. of Pseudapis siamensis (Cockerell, 1929)megalobata Wu, 1983 (Nomia (Lobonomia)), syn. n. of Pseudapis siamensis (Cockerell, 1929)orientana Warncke, 1976 (Nomia (Lobonomia)), syn. n. of Pseudapis edentata (Morawitz, 1876)carcharodonta Baker, 2002 (Nomiapis), spec. nov.kophensis Baker, 2002 (Nomiapis), spec. n.fayumensis Baker, 2002 (Pseudapis), spec. n.guichardi Pauly, 1990 (Pseudapis), syn. n. of Pseudapis edentata (Morawitz, 1876)oxybeloides (Smith, 1875) (Pseudapis), Lectotype described as Nomia oxybeloidesstenotarsus Baker, 2002 (Pseudapis), spec. n.gracilis Cameron, 1898 (Steganomus), syn. n. of Nomada bipunctata Frabricius, 1804: nom. oblitumnodicornis Smith, 1875 (Steganomus), Lectotype described as Cyathocera nodicornis
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Phylogenetic analyses and the classification of the family Halictidae by Alexander and Michener (1995) are revised, mostly by replacement of Nomioides, used by these authors as an exemplar of the nomioidines, with Ceylalictus subg. Atronomioides. The main results of this reanalysis are as follows: all the three subfamilies of the family Halictidae, Rophitinae, Nomiinae and Halictinae (including Nomioidini), are strictly monophyletic (holophyletic); the Rophitinae is a sister-group in relation to the Nomiinae and Halictinae combined; all the three tribes of the subfamily Halictinae, Nomioidini, Augochlorini and Halictini, are strictly monophyletic; Nomioidini is a sister-group in relation to the Augochlorini and Halictini combined; two of three subtribes of the tribe Halictini, Sphecodina and Gastrohalictina, are strictly monophyletic; the Halictina is paraphyletic in relation to two other subtribes. A revised classification of the subfamily Halictinae is proposed. It contains the following novelties and changes: The Nomioidini is restored as a tribe within the Halictinae; it is established as including three separate genera, Nomioides, Ceylalictus and Cellariella; the tribe Halictini is subdivided into three subtribes - Halictina (corresponding to the group of non-parasitic genera with "strong venation"), Gastrohalictina (corresponding to the group of genera with "weak venation") and Sphecodina (including the parasitic genus Sphecodes and close genera). The taxonomic rank of Halictus s. str., Seladonia and Vestitohalictus (these taxa were considered as subgenera of Halictus s. 1.), Lasioglossum s. str., Lucasiellus, Ctenonomia, Evylaeus and some others (usually considered as subgenera of Lasioglossum s. 1.), is raised to the generic level.
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This paper presents the results of a taxonomic study of the bees of the genus Seladonia from the Eastern Palaearctic Region. Two new species, S. leleji sp. n. and S. nikolskayae sp. n. from the Primorskii Territory of Russia, are described. A new synonymy is established: S. tumulorum ferripennis (Cockerell, 1929) = S. tumulorum higashi (Sakagami et Ebmer, 1979), syn. n. The taxonomic rank of S. gobiensis (Ebmer, 1982), originally described as a subspecies of S. pseudovestita (Blüthgen, 1925), is raised to specific status. The lectotypes of Halictus semitectus Morawitz, 1874; H. mongolicus Morawitz, 1880; H. confluens Morawitz, 1890 [= S. aeraria (Smith, 1873)] and H. pjalmensis gaschunicus Blüthgen, 1935 are designated. Seven species, S. aeraria (Smith), S. argilos (Ebmer), S. gobiensis (Ebmer), S. indefinita (Blüthgen), S. petraea (Blüthgen), S. pjalmensis (Strand) and S. placidula (Blüthgen), are recorded from Mongolia for the first time. A total of 24 species of the genus Seladonia were found in the Eastern Palaearctic Region. A key to all species is given, except for the female of S. opacoviridis (Ebmer, 2005). An annotated list of the species includes data for each species on its synonymy, general geographical distribution, published records from the Eastern Palaearctic Region, and the material examined.
Subfamily Halictinae, Tribe Nomioidini (in the Scope of the Palaearctic Fauna), Fauna of the USSR, New Series (Nauka, Leningrad, 1983) (In series: Fauna of the USSR
  • Yu A Pesenko
  • Halictidae
Pesenko, Yu.A., Halictidae. Subfamily Halictinae, Tribe Nomioidini (in the Scope of the Palaearctic Fauna), Fauna of the USSR, New Series (Nauka, Leningrad, 1983) (In series: Fauna of the USSR. Hymenoptera, Vol. 18, No. 1, New Series, No. 129) [in Russian].
Zur Systematik und Verbreitung der Bienengattung Nomia Latr
  • K Warncke
  • K. Warncke
Warncke, K., " Zur Systematik und Verbreitung der Bienengattung Nomia Latr. in der Westpaläarktis und dem turkestanischen Becken (Hymenoptera, Apoidea), " Reichenbachia 16 (7), 93–120 (1976).
Tribe Nomioidini (in the Scope of the Palaearctic Fauna
  • Yu A Pesenko
  • Halictidae
  • Subfamily Halictinae
  • P. Yu.A