In this closing chapter, Brennan re-examines the dominant narrative on television in Ireland through the lens of a radical narrative. A Marxist perspective, that sees changes in media and culture as economically driven, provides a different vision of the social transformations that the dominant narrative celebrates as progress. This approach ultimately points to state nationalism as the heart of ... [Show full abstract] the dominant narrative. However, Ireland is only a particular case of a general problem. Internationally, institutional histories over-emphasise the power of media and ignore the capacities of viewers. Brennan concludes by arguing that the experience of television is personal and global. Histories written from the perspective of nation states overlook the push and pull of capitalist modernity as an intrinsic part of the experience of electronic media.