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Validation of eight names of Chinese taxa in Ranunculaceae, Rosaceae and Scrophulariaceae

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Abstract

Summary Eight names in five genera Delphinium (Ranunculaceae), Lindernia and Mimulicalyx (Scrophulariaceae), Sorbus and Spiraea (Rosaceae) from China were not validly published because two gatherings were simultaneously designated as types in the protologues, or were simultaneously cited, without indicating the type in the protologues. These eight names are validated here, with one specimen designated as the holotype.
Validation of eight names of Chinese taxa in Ranunculaceae,
Rosaceae and Scrophulariaceae
Qi Lin
1
, Miao Sun
1
, Qian Sun
1
, Shu-Qing Bei
2
, Hong-Li Li
3
& Zhi-Rong Yang
1
Summary. Eight names in ve genera Delphinium (Ranunculaceae), Lindernia and Mimulicalyx (Scrophulariaceae),
Sorbus and Spiraea (Rosaceae) from China were not validly published because two gatherings were simultaneously
designated as types in the protologues, or were simultaneously cited, without indicating the type in the protolog-
ues. These eight names are validated here, with one specimen designated as the holotype.
Key Words. China, Ranunculaceae, Rosaceae, Scrophulariaceae, validation.
Introduction
Based on the examination of type specimens housed
at PE, eight names published after 1 Jan. 1 958,
Delphinium beesianum W. W. Sm. var. latisectum W. T.
Wang, D. elatum L. var. sericeum W. T. Wang and D.
naviculare W. T. Wang var. lasiocarpum W. T. Wang
(Ranunculaceae), Lindernia megaphylla P. C. Tsoong,
Mimulicalyx paludigenus P. C. Tsoong (Scrophularia-
ceae), Sorbus folgneri (C. K. Schneid.) Rehder var.
duplicatodentata T. T. Yu & L. T. Lu, S. salwinensis T. T.
Yu & L. T. Lu and Spiraea hingshanensis T. T. Yu & L. T.
Lu (Rosaceae), were published simultaneously desig-
nating two gatherings as types in the protologues
(Tsoong 1979;Yuet al. 1975), either one owering and
one fruiting, or simultaneously citing two gatherings
without indicating the type in the protologues
(Tsoong 1959; Wang 1962). After this, these four
species and four varieties were included in Flora of
China (Hong et al. 1998; Wang & Warnock 2001;Lu&
Alexander 2003; Lu & Spongberg 2003).
According to Art. 37.1 & 37.2 (with Art. 8.1) of the
International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Vienna Code)
(McNeill et al. 2006), a name published after 1 Jan.
1958 is not validl y published if more than one
gathering is indicated as type, or if more than one
gathering is cited without indicating the type. The
names of these four species and four varieties, there-
fore, were not validly published. We re-examined these
type specimens housed at PE, and believe that these
eight taxa are good species and varieties, and so their
names need to be validated. The present paper
validates these eight names by designating one speci-
men as the holotype for each one.
Delphinium beesianum W. W. Sm. var. latisectum W. T.
Wang var. nov. Validating diagnosis: W. T. Wang, Acta
Bot. Sin. 10: 265 (1962). Type: China, Yunnan, Deqen,
alt. 3500 m, 3 5 Aug. 1935, C. W. Wang 64995
(holotype PE000026961!; isotype PE!).
Delphinium beesianum W. W. Sm. var. latisectum W. T.
Wang, Acta Bot. Sin.
10: 265 (1962), nom. inval.
Specimens cited by W. T. Wang (without indicat-
ing the type): China, Yunnan, Deqen, alt. 3500 m,
3 5 Aug. 1935, C. W. Wang 64923 (PE), 64995
(PE).
ADDITIONAL SPECIMEN EXAMINED. C. W. Wang 64923
(PE).
Delphinium elatum L. var. sericeum W. T. Wang var.
nov. Validating diagnosis: W. T. Wang, Acta Bot. Sin. 10:
81 (1962). Type: China, Xinjiang, Fuhai, alt. 1890 m, 4
Aug. 1957, J.Z.He&S.L.Li550 (holotype
PE00133859!; isotype PE!).
Delphimium elatum L. var. sericeum W. T. Wang, Acta Bot.
Sin. 10: 81 (1962), nom. inval. Specimens cited by
W. T. Wang (without indicating the type): China,
Xinjiang, Fuhai, alt. 2080 m, 11 July 1957, S. L. Chen
184 (PE); ibid., alt. 1890 m, 4 Aug. 1957, J. Z. He &
S. L. Li 550 (PE).
Accepted for publication November 2008.
1
Herbarium (PE), State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, Peoples
Republic of China. e-mail: linqi@ibcas.ac.cn
2
College of Life Sciences, Langfang Normal University, Langfang 065000, Peoples Republic of China.
3
College of Life Sciences, West China Normal University, Nanchong 637002, Peoples Republic of China.
KEW BULLETIN VOL . 64: 573575 ( 2009)
© The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 2009
ADDITIONAL SPECIMEN EXAMINED. S. L. Chen 184 (PE).
Delphinium naviculare W. T. Wang var. lasiocarpum
W. T. Wang var. nov. Validating diagnosis: W. T. Wang,
Acta Bot. Sin. 10: 83 (1962). Type: China, Xinjiang,
Toli, 6 Aug. 1957, K. C. Kuan 2559 (holotype
PE00027024!).
Delphinium naviculare W. T. Wang var. lasiocarpum W. T.
Wang, Acta Bot. Si n. 10: 83. 1962, nom. inval.
Specimens cited by W. T. Wang (without indicating
the type): China, Xinjiang, Gongliu, alt. 1700, 10
Aug. 1957, Linye Exped. 521 (PE); Toli, 6 Aug. 1957,
K. C. Kuan 2559 (PE).
ADDITIONAL SPECIMEN EXAMINED. Linye Exped. 521
(PE).
Lindernia megaphylla P. C. Tsoong sp. nov. Validating
description and diagnosis: P. C. Tsoong, Acta
Phytotax. Sin. 8: 67 (1959). Type: China, Hainan,
Baisha, 19 March 1936, S. K. Lau 25775 (holotype
PE00031351!).
Lindernia megaphylla P. C. Tsoong, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 8:
67 (1959), nom. inval. Specimens cited by P. C.
Tsoong (without indicating the type): China,
Hainan, Baisha, 19 March 1936, S. K. Lau 25775
(PE); ibid., 24 Feb. 1936, S. K. Lau 25425 (PE).
ADDITIONAL SPECIMEN EXAMINED. S. K. Lau 25425
(PE).
Mimulicalyx paludigenus P. C. Tsoong sp. nov. Validat-
ing diagnosis: P. C. Tsoong, Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 67
(2): 400 (1979). Type: China, Yunnan, Mengzi, alt.
1400 m, 5 Sept. 1939, C. W. Wang 81476 (holotype
PE00031416!).
Mimulicalyx paludigenus P. C. Tsoong, Fl. Reipubl.
Popularis Sin. 67 (2): 400 (1979), nom. inval.
Specimens cited by P. C. Tsoong as types: China,
Yunnan, Mengzi, alt. 1400 m, 5 Sept. 1939, C. W.
Wang 81476 (as Typus fr.,PE);Yanshan,alt.
1200 m, 9 Oct. 1939, C. W. Wang 84255 (as Typus
.,PE).
ADDITIONAL SPECIMEN EXAMINED. C. W. Wang 84255
(PE).
Sorbus folgneri (C. K. Schneid.) Rehder var. duplicato-
dentata T. T. Yu & L. T. Lu var. nov. Validating
diagnosis: T. T. Yu & L. T. Lu in Yu et al., Acta Phytotax.
Sin. 13 (1): 103 (1975). Type: China, Zhejiang, Kaihua,
1964, J. X. Wang 2098 (holotype, PE00020828!).
Sorbus folgneri (C. K. Schneid.) Rehder var. duplicato-
dentata T. T. Y u & L. T. Lu in Y u et al., Acta Phytotax.
Sin. 13 (1): 103 (1975), nom. inval. Specimens cited
by T. T. Yu & L. T. Lu as types: China, Zhejiang,
Kaihua, 1958, K. R. Chen 2521 (as Typus fr., PE);
ibid., 1964, J. X. Wang 2098 (as Typus ., PE).
ADDITIONAL SPECIMEN EXAMINED. K. R. Chen 2521
(PE).
Sorbus salwinensis T. T. Yu & L. T. Lu sp. nov.
Validating diagnosis: T. T. Yu & L. T. Lu in Yu et al., Acta
Phytotax. Sin. 13 (1): 102 (1975). Type: China, Yunnan,
Shangpa (= Fugong), alt. 2700 m, 17 Oct. 1933, H. T
Tsai 54452 (holotype, PE00978157!).
Sorbus salwinensis T. T. Yu & L. T. Lu in Yu et al., Acta
Phytotax. Sin. 13 (1): 102 (1975), nom. inval. Speci-
mens cited by T. T. Yu & L. T. Lu as types: China,
Yunnan, Gongshan, a lt. 3100 m, 30 May 1960,
S. Jiang et al. 10024 (as Typus ., PE); Shangpa
(= Fugong), alt. 2700 m, 17 Oct. 1933, H. T. Tsai
54452 (as Typus fr., PE).
ADDITIONAL SPECIMEN EXAMINED. S. Jiang et al. 10024
(PE).
Spiraea hingshanensis T. T. Yu & L. T. Lu, sp. nov.
Validating diagnosis: T. T. Yu & L. T. Lu in Yu et al., Acta
Phytotax. Sin. 13 (1): 99 (1975). Type: China, Hubei,
Hingshan (= Xingshan), 11 July 1957, H. J. Li 984
(holotype PE00020855!).
Spiraea hingshanensis T. T. Yu & L. T. Lu in Yu et al., Acta
Phytotax. Sin.13(1):99(1975), nom. inval. Speci-
mens cited by T. T. Yu & L. T. Lu as types: China,
Hubei, Hingshan (= Xingshan), 11 July 1957, H. J. Li
984 (as Typus fr., PE); precise locality not known,
26 June 1957, H. J. Li 722 (as Typus .,PE).
ADDITIONAL SPECIMEN EXAMINED. H. J. Li 722 (PE).
Acknowledgements
This work was supported by the Plant Specimen
Digitisation and Chinese Virtual Herbarium Establish-
ment (No. 2005DKA21401).
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575VALIDATION OF EIGHT NAMES OF CHINESE TAXA IN RANUNCULACEAE, ROSACEAE AND SCROPHULARIACEAE
© The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 2009
Article
The aim of this treatise is to revise the taxonomic classification of the ‘Spiraea longigemmis complex’, a group of morphologically similar taxa with compound corymbs on short lateral branchlets, bisexual flowers, stamens much longer than the petals, and homomorphic, more or less doubly serrate leaf blades. Members of this group are mostly distributed in China and were presented in both editions of the ‘Flora of China’, however, following the faulty historical species concept based on the limited herbarium material, though later enriched by abundant collections, yet often incorrectly identified. A new classification of this group, based on a field study of relevant populations, on extensive examination of abundant material from various herbaria worldwide and on comparison with the original literature, is proposed in the present treatment. The revised S. longigemmis complex comprises five species and one interspecific hybrid native to China, and one species native to Japan and North Korea. Spiraea rosthornii E. Pritz. ex Diels is the most widely distributed species in the complex, occupying a nearly 2000-km-long range across Central and Southeast China. The newly described variety S. rosthornii var. ombrophila was discovered c. 600 km eastward of this range in a very limited area in southeastern Xizang (interior Tibet, China). Three Chinese varieties ascribed to the Japanese S. miyabei Koidz. by Rehder in 1913 are synonymized with S. hingshanensis T. T. Yu & L. T. Lu and with each other. The new species S. fornicata, confused with several taxa since the 1970s, is described from southeastern Xizang. The extensive distribution area of a hybrid complex, evolved from the supposed hybridization of S. fornicata and S. longigemmis, was detected in the Tibetan mountain region of the Chinese provinces Sichuan and Yunnan and identified with the old name S. prattii C. K. Schneid. Abundant herbarium material ascribed here to the ‘S. ×prattii hybrid complex’ was examined in herbaria within and outside China, consisting of specimens filed under at least six species names. The nomenclatural types of all accepted taxa and their taxonomic synonyms are identified, six as newly designated lectotypes. The lectotype of S. miyabei and the holotype of S. hingshanensis are supported by epitypes.
Article
Full-text available
Mimulicalyx is an oligotypic genus including two species that are endemic to southwest China. Based on investigation of the rediscovered populations of M. rosulatus and M. paludigenus, examination of their herbarium specimens (including types), as well as consultation of their protologues and distributions, no obvious morphological differences could be found and we thus concluded that they are conspecific. Therefore, M. paludigenus is reduced as a synonym of M. rosulatus. Field photographs and an updated morphological description of M. rosulatus are provided.
Article
Full-text available
Mimulicalyx is an oligotypic genus including two species that are endemic to southwest China. Based on investigation of the rediscovered populations of M. rosulatus and M. paludigenus, examination of their herbarium specimens (including types), as well as consultation of their protologues and distributions, no obvious morphological differences could be found and we thus concluded that they are conspecific. Therefore, M. paludigenus is reduced as a synonym of M. rosulatus. Field photographs and an updated morphological description of M. rosulatus are provided.
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Full-text available
available online: http://www.iapt-taxon.org/historic/2006.htm
Validating diagnosis: Type: China, Yunnan, Shangpa (= Fugong), alt
  • T T Sorbus
  • L T Yu
  • T T Lu
  • L T Yu
  • Lu In Yu
Sorbus salwinensis T. T. Yu & L. T. Lu sp. nov. Validating diagnosis: T. T. Yu & L. T. Lu in Yu et al., Acta Phytotax. Sin. 13 (1): 102 (1975). Type: China, Yunnan, Shangpa (= Fugong), alt. 2700 m, 17 Oct. 1933, H. T Tsai 54452 (holotype, PE00978157!).
Wang 2098 (as "Typus fl
ibid., 1964, J. X. Wang 2098 (as "Typus fl.", PE).
Sin. 10: 83. 1962, nom. inval. Specimens cited by W. T. Wang (without indicating the type): China
  • Acta Wang
  • Bot
Wang, Acta Bot. Sin. 10: 83. 1962, nom. inval. Specimens cited by W. T. Wang (without indicating the type): China, Xinjiang, Gongliu, alt. 1700, 10 Aug. 1957, Linye Exped. 521 (PE);
Validating diagnosis: Type: China
  • C K Sorbus
  • T T Schneiddentata
  • L T Yu
  • T T Lu
  • L T Yu
  • Lu In Yu
Sorbus folgneri (C. K. Schneid.) Rehder var. duplicato-dentata T. T. Yu & L. T. Lu var. nov. Validating diagnosis: T. T. Yu & L. T. Lu in Yu et al., Acta Phytotax. Sin. 13 (1): 103 (1975). Type: China, Zhejiang, Kaihua, 1964, J. X. Wang 2098 (holotype, PE00020828!).
), nom. inval. Speci-mens cited by Lu as types: China, Yunnan, Gongshan, alt. 3100 m, 30 May 1960, S. Jiang et al. 10024 (as " Typus fl
  • T T Sorbus
  • L T Yu
  • Lu In Yu
Sorbus salwinensis T. T. Yu & L. T. Lu in Yu et al., Acta Phytotax. Sin. 13 (1): 102 (1975), nom. inval. Speci-mens cited by T. T. Yu & L. T. Lu as types: China, Yunnan, Gongshan, alt. 3100 m, 30 May 1960, S. Jiang et al. 10024 (as " Typus fl. ", PE); Shangpa (= Fugong), alt. 2700 m, 17 Oct. 1933, H. T. Tsai 54452 (as " Typus fr. ", PE).
), nom. inval. Speci-mens cited by PE); precise locality not known Typus fl
  • T T Spiraea
  • L T Yu
  • Lu In Yu
Spiraea hingshanensis T. T. Yu & L. T. Lu in Yu et al., Acta Phytotax. Sin. 13 (1): 99 (1975), nom. inval. Speci-mens cited by T. T. Yu & L. T. Lu as types: China, Hubei, Hingshan (= Xingshan), 11 July 1957, H. J. Li 984 (as " Typus fr. ", PE); precise locality not known, 26 June 1957, H. J. Li 722 (as " Typus fl. ", PE).
Chen 184 (PE) Delphinium naviculare W. T. Wang var. lasiocarpum W. T. Wang var. nov. Validating diagnosis Type: China
  • Additional S L Specimen Examined
ADDITIONAL SPECIMEN EXAMINED. S. L. Chen 184 (PE). Delphinium naviculare W. T. Wang var. lasiocarpum W. T. Wang var. nov. Validating diagnosis: W. T. Wang, Acta Bot. Sin. 10: 83 (1962). Type: China, Xinjiang, Toli, 6 Aug. 1957, K. C. Kuan 2559 (holotype PE00027024!). Delphinium naviculare W. T. Wang var. lasiocarpum W. T.