Some Psychological Aspects of Living Lightly: Desired Lifestyle Patterns and Conservation Behavior

Journal of Environmental Systems 01/1991; 20(3):1-1. DOI: 10.2190/030Q-Q4KE-7YFB-4Q0F


It has been argued that an environmentally compatible lifestyle is a necessary if somewhat onerous component of a sustainable society. This perception might lead one to demand compensation for adopting such a lifestyle. An alternative perspective suggests such a lifestyle contains its own compensation. This study explores whether a conservation-oriented lifestyle may be intrinsically satisfying. Data from respondents to a mail-back questionnaire were explored using factor analysis and analysis of variance. Several categories of items emerged, focusing on ecology, technology, self-reliance and acceptance-of-wastefulness. The respondents most preferred an ecologically focused lifestyle. This article also explores the relationships between these desired patterns and reported conservation behavior and intrinsic satisfactions.

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Available from: Raymond K De Young, Dec 30, 2013
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    • "Only recently has research focused on using this direct yet gentler means of encouraging the adoption of behaviors compatible with durable living. Data from over three decades of research provide insight on intrinsic satisfaction (see, for instance [1], [2] and [3]). These data indicate that people derive a series of distinct satisfactions from environmentallyappropriate behavior. "
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    • "Actuar con frugalidad implica que el consumo de los recursos sea prudente y conservador. Investigaciones como las de De Young (1991), Iwata (2002) y Corral y Pinheiro (2004) han estudiado y encontrado relación significativa entre los patrones de consumo conservadores y las conductas pro-ambientales. Se asume que ante un panorama de recursos limitados, el consumo de las personas que se preocupan por el bienestar ambiental se orientará a ser mínimo para satisfacer sus necesidades. "
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    • "Of particular interest to researchers has been the connection between attitudes and beliefs and specific environmentally related behaviors. A sampling of the environmental behaviors studied include patterns of consumption (Linn, Vining, & Feeley, 1994), recycling (De Young, 1991), energy use (Stern, 1992), participation in outdoor recreation activities (Nord, Luloff, & Bridger, 1998) and the relative " wealth " of the country in which the individual is a resident (Diekmann & Franzen, 1999). A number of explanations have been developed as to why public attitudes and expressed concerns do not serve as good predictors of actual pro-environmental behavior. "
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