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Polemics without Polemics: Myxajlo Andrella in Ruthenian (Ukrainian) Literary Space

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A prominent Orthodox polemist of the 17th – early 18th cc., Myxajlo Andrella’s style and language were not representative of the heterogeneous culture in Transcarpathian Rus’ only. The author maintains that Andrella’s script- and language-switching, chaotic as it may appear, is basically identical with that in the works of Berynda, Vysens’kyj, and other Ruthenian authors who as multilingual speakers were likely to spontaneously mix words or phrases. The author argues that, both in form and language, Andrella’s writings were rooted not so much in the Galician cultural and literary tradition as in the Ruthenian cultural model of the 17th c.
... At first sight, neither the first scenario of pattern replication nor the second one of matter borrowing can be dismissed since the sociolinguistic situation in Transcarpathia was more than opportune to long interactions between different languages. In fact, for centuries the region has been favoring pluralism and multiculturalism, showing a mixed discourse of languages and scripts, where Hungarian (and not German) was a language with the highest intelligibility among the non-native languages spoken in this region (Danylenko 2008(Danylenko , 2009). This is why the emergence of the CIP in Transcarpathian Ukrainian either via pattern replication or matter borrowing, based on the notion of a model and a replica language, is not hard to link directly with the multiple causation brought about by heavy multilingual contacts. ...
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A variety of names are traditionally used to refer to the literary language as cultivated by the Belarusians and Ukrainians in the late Middle Ages. It is maintained that the emergence of the term prostaja mova/prostyj jazykъ was brought about by the (German) Reformation in the Polish Kingdom and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Based on a comparative analysis of the names of the prostaja mova attested in Ruthenian, Polish, and Lithuanian writings, the author surmises that the coinage and the use of the corresponding terms was primarily determined by the revival of the indigenous “linguistic democratism” dating back to the time of Constantine and Methodius.
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