Die P’šita zu Koheleth textkritisch und in ihrem Verhältnis zu dem massoretischen Text, der Septuaginta und den andern alten griechischen Versionen

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Qo 2:17 is a shocking text, both from the anthropological point of view and from the theological point of view, and that is probably why it was sometimes neglected, sometimes sweetened. However, a textual criticism and structural and literary analysis shows that this text has an ethical connotation: Qohelet hates life, because it is in no way the result of wisdom (Qo 2:14b–16); God’s work reflects “badly upon Qohelet,” because it is unjust: indeed, the wise man, like the fool, must die and will not be long remembered.
L’auteur présente un état de la recherche des critiques textuelle et des sources de Qohélet 6,7-9 et propose une analyse structurelle et littéraire de ces versets. Puis, il poursuit son enquête en montrant que les ambiguïtés de Qohélet 6,7-9 ne sont pas purement accidentelles. Au contraire, elles font partie d’une stratégie rhétorique qui vise à inciter le lecteur à éprouver différentes lectures.
There are many words or expressions in the book of Qohelet that have never been clarified with any certainty, either in ancient versions or by medieval and modern interpreters. In light of the history of exegesis and, for the first time ever, in light of translations offered in four Judaeo-Persian manuscripts found in the National Library of France, this study analyzes six of these obscure expression and terms: two expressions (sidda wesiddot in 2,8 and ba'aley 'asupot in 12, 11) and four verbs (bur in 9,1 and 'izzen, hiqqer and tiqqen in 12, 9). What emerges clearly from this examination is that accuracy in understanding adapts constantly to the situation of each language, each culture and each time period. Therefore, the meaning of Qohelet always reconstitutes itself in the history of its reception.
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