It is not surprising that the fading of Cold War antagonisms since the middle of the 1980s has put pressure on these countries to adopt a new, meaningful vision of external relations. The process evokes problems of identity and hesitations in establishing new foreign policy lines. (Dijkink, 1996, p. 140) The transatlantic ‘community’, or at least its EU European wing, had been heralded as a security success story for quite some time, as an incarnation of a security community in which war was not on the agenda, indeed no longer even thinkable (Adler and Barnett, 1998). In Wendt’s (1999) terms, Europe stood for the closest we had gotten to a Kantian culture of anarchy, where relations of enmity had been replaced by amity, and where the security dilemma had been overcome. With the end of the Cold War, such a Kantian culture stood the chance of expanding over the entire continent. But precisely when it seemed least likely, when the dream of many, among them not only peace researchers, had come true, a dynamic towards a more Hobbesian culture of anarchy came to the fore, rearing the head of geopolitics, ugly perhaps, but, for its defenders, bare at last. The end of the Cold War was to be no departure from the allegedly ŉormal’ international politics. Kant was nowhere in sight, not even in Europe. The revival of geopolitics took place at both the core and the margins of the (European) ‘West’. It happened most prominently in Russia, which has seen a quite remarkable turn-around. Branded during the Cold War by the Soviet authorities as a mistaken theory, if not ideology, geopolitics today has gained prevalence in the analysis of world politics (Tyulin, 1997; Sergounin, 2000), not least through the writings of Alexander Dugin. From Marx to Mackinder. But also the smaller countries in the post-Soviet space, usually aspiring to be part of ‘the West’, have seen a revival. Although the exact status of geopolitical thought in Estonia is still disputed (for an overview, see Aalto, 2000, 2001), the reception of Huntington’s clash of civilizations has been truly remarkable (Aalto and Berg, 2002; Kuus, 2002, 2012) - and the revival did not stop on the Eastern side of the former Iron Curtain.