A Revolution in Preservation: Digitizing political posters at the National Library of Cuba

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Cuba's Biblioteca Nacional José Martí houses a collection of Revolutionary graphic political posters that have generated international interest for their unique artistic style and controversial messages. Since the onset of the “Special Period,” a time of extreme economic hardship, librarians and archivists have tried to maintain the collection under less-than-ideal conditions. While library staff does not lack knowledge, energy, and dedication, the preservation situation at the BNJM remains grim. However, digitization of the poster collection can be used as a way to hedge against current deterioration and possible damage to or destruction of the collection during an episode of political change.

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... This study -called a diagnostic by its authors -was principally carried out in the Archives at the Universidad Central Marta Abreu de las Villas, though it attests to broader archival conditions. Laura Susan Ward (2005) made similar observations in the mid-2000s concerning the poster archives of the Biblioteca Nacional José Martí. 17. ...
Matanzas’s Ediciones Vigía and Holguin’s Ediciones Cuadernos Papiro construct an arc from the revolutionary 1960s and its investment in collective and communal goods, to the increasingly privatized 1990s and 2000s through their materials and procedures, as well as through their engagement with the figure of the archive. I contend that the books printed by Ediciones Vigía and Ediciones Cuadernos Papiro are both artists’ books – that is, books that are art unto themselves – and books as ‘archives’. Here, I understand the ‘book’ as ‘archive’ in a similar fashion as art historian Hal Foster interprets ‘archival art’: that is, art, in this case book art, that ‘draws on informal archives but produces them as well’ in an effort ‘to make historical information, often lost or displaced, physically present’. The hand-made books of Ediciones Vigía and Ediciones Cuadernos Papiro project a new figure of the reader and occupy social spaces that are radically different from their predecessors. Where Cuban institutional archives have left incomplete territories of the Revolutionary-era and pre-Revolutionary book, the 1990s and 2000s ‘archival book’ incarnated in Ediciones Vigía and Cuadernos Papiro has come to occupy these voids in a compensatory fashion as an ‘archival’ product.
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Social change and graphic design. Historical and contemporary comparison. Revolución Cubana (Cuban Revolution) 1953 – 1959 & Black Lives Matter Movement 2013 –.
In 2004 the Norwegian Parliament adopted a new article on the freedom of expression in the Constitution. The problems confronting a liberal society as considered in this connection are discussed. Special attention is given to the conditions for the freedom of information in a modern society. The problems of the information policy of the public authorities are given special attention, as are also the problems and possibilities caused by the new technological development. The importance of the institutional setting and the need for diversity are emphasized.