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Abstract

Researchers have identified the need to develop instruments to measure domestic violence that include both physical and psychological abuse. Drawing from feminist theory, the Abusive Behavior Inventory (ABI) was developed to address a range of abusive behaviors. A validation study included a sample of 100 men and 78 women divided into groups of abusers/abused and nonabusers/nonabused. The study included the evaluation of three types of validity: criterion related, construct, and factorial. Significant differences in scores on the ABI were found between the abuser and nonabuser groups. These differences provide evidence to support the scale's validity in each of these areas.
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... In foreign research to measure and evaluate wife abuse, different measures such as the Conflict Tactics Scale-Revised (CTS-R), Abuse Assessment Screen, Violent Behavior Inventory, Emotional Violence Scale, and Violence against Women Questionnaire (Haj Yahya, 1999) are used. The psychometric properties of these tools have not been studied except for Conflict Tactics Scale-Revised (CTS-R) in Iran [9][10][11][12][13][14][15]. ...
... Haj-Yahia's questionnaire of Violence Against Women (1999) is adapted from the other five questionnaires, including the Conflict Tactics Scales (Straus, 1980), the Psychological Maltreatment of Women Inventory (Tolman, 1990), the Measure of Wife Abuse (Rodenberg & Fantuzzo, 1995), the Index of Spouse Abuse (Hudson & McIntosh, 1981), and the Abusive Behavior Inventory (Shepard & Campbell, 1992) [15]. This questionnaire is a combination of existing questionnaires and measures all aspects of wife abuse. ...
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Background Abuse against women causes great suffering for the victims and is an important health problem among women. To date, a few screening instruments for wife abuse exist for married women in Iran, but they only assess some of the wife abuse components. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties and factor structure of the Haj-Yahia’s Questionnaire in a sample of married women residing in Tehran. Materials and methods This is a cross-sectional study with a population consisting of married women in Tehran, among which 471 individuals were selected using convenience sampling method. Psychometric properties of the questionnaire were evaluated using face validity, content validity, construct validity, internal consistency, and stability. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed using the weighted least square mean and variance adjusted. We performed confirmatory factor analysis using Mplus version 8 software and for other calculations, we used STATA V14. Results The quantitative results of face validity and content validity indicated that all items of the questionnaire were in acceptable range, and were retained in the study. In CFA results, the model fit indices were acceptable (TLI = 0.986, CFI = 0.987, RMSEA = 0.039 and SRMR = 0.057). Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for psychological abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, and economic abuse were estimated 0.90, 0.93, 0.79, and 0.78 respectively, and an alpha of 0.95 was found for the total questionnaire. The intra-cluster correlation index was 0.98. Conclusions Findings showed that the Persian version of the questionnaire of violence against women made it possible to evaluate various dimensions of violence using 4 factors and showed good construct validity and internal reliability in the female population in Iran; therefore, it can be used in future studies.
... IPA will be assessed for the past 4 months on all of the following measures. For men, the 29-item ABI will be administered to measure the frequency of the perpetration of physical (12 items, 2 of which assess sexual abuse) and psychological abuse (17 items) [48]. For women, the 25-item Abusive Behaviour Inventory Revised (ABI-R) will measure experiences of physical (13 items), psychological (9 items) and sexual abuse (3 items) victimisation [49]. ...
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Background Compared to men in the general population, men in substance use treatment are more likely to perpetrate intimate partner abuse (IPA). The ADVANCE group intervention for men in substance use treatment is tailored to address substance use and IPA in an integrated way. In a feasibility trial pre-COVID, men who received the ADVANCE intervention via face-to-face group delivery showed reductions in IPA perpetration. Due to COVID-19, ADVANCE was adapted for remote digital delivery. Methods/design This mixed-methods non-randomised feasibility study, with a nested process evaluation, will explore the feasibility and acceptability of delivering the ADVANCE digital intervention to men in substance use treatment who have perpetrated IPA towards a female partner in the past year. Sixty men will be recruited from seven substance use treatment services in Great Britain. The ADVANCE digital intervention comprises a preparatory one-to-one session with a facilitator to set goals, develop a personal safety plan, and increase motivation and a preparatory online group to prepare men for taking part in the intervention. The core intervention comprises six fortnightly online group sessions and 12 weekly self-directed website sessions to recap and practise skills learned in the online group sessions. Each website session is followed by a one-to-one video/phone coaching session with a facilitator. Men will also receive their usual substance use treatment. Men’s female (ex) partners will be invited to provide outcome data and offered support from integrated safety services (ISS). Outcome measures for men and women will be sought post intervention (approximately 4 months post male baseline interview). Feasibility parameters to be estimated include eligibility, suitability, consent, recruitment, attendance, retention and follow-up rates. In-depth interviews or focus groups will explore the intervention’s acceptability to participants, facilitators and ISS workers. A secondary focus of the study will estimate pre-post-differences in outcome measures covering substance use, IPA, mental health, self-management, health and social care service use, criminal justice contacts and quality of life. Discussion Findings will inform the design of a multicentre randomised controlled trial evaluating the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of the ADVANCE digital intervention for reducing IPA. Trial registration The feasibility study was prospectively registered: ISRCTN66619273 .
... The feasibility of these measures and procedures were previously found to be effective and valid among incarcerated populations (Kubiak et al., 2014;Messina, 2022;Messina et al., 2020;Messina & Burdon, 2021;Messina & Zwart, 2021) Conflict Tactics Scales and the Abuse Behavior Inventory. To ascertain the level of victimization and perpetration of violence within the sample, a modified index of perpetration and victimization history was developed based on several of the items from the Conflict Tactics Scales (Straus, 1979;Straus et al., 1996) and the Abuse Behavior Inventory (Shepard & Campbell, 1992). Participants were asked to indicate whether they had ever been the victim or perpetrator of 15 different behaviors which were coded into four major categories: (1) minor physical abuse (three behaviors; pushed, hit, restrained), (2) severe physical abuse (four behaviors; choked, burned, beaten, shot/stabbed), (3) threats and intimidation (seven behaviors; threats of physical harm or death to self, children, family members, or friends), and (4) sexual abuse/assault (forced into an unwanted sex act). ...
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Prisons are saturated with trauma survivors; yet trauma has not been the focal point of corrections-based treatment. This is the first randomized controlled trial assessing the effectiveness of a Peer-facilitated trauma-specific intervention among men incarcerated for violent offenses (Exploring Trauma: A 6-Session Brief Intervention for Men). The sample consisted of 221 participants (131 treatment / 90 waitlisted control group). Independent t tests determined change over 6-8 weeks on anxiety, depression, mental health, current traumatic distress, and anger. Hypotheses were predominantly supported. Significant improvement was found for the intervention group compared with the waitlisted control group on 11 of the 13 trauma-related outcomes. The greatest effect sizes ranged from .46 for mental health functioning, .42 for trait anger composite, and .40 for anxiety. Support for the effectiveness of this brief intervention and capability of a Peer-facilitated model of delivery was demonstrated. Future research should replicate the methodology and incorporate records data and post-release outcomes.
... The main independent variables consisted of different forms of IPV measured by the 25-item abusive behavior indexrevised (ABI-R) scale (Postmus et al., 2015a(Postmus et al., ,2015b, a modified version of 30 items from the original ABI (Shepard & Campbell, 1992). Participants reported behaviors that had been used by their intimate partner or former partner in the past 12 months using a 5-point Likert type scale from "1 = never" to "5 = very often". ...
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Financial strain is one hardship faced by female survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV) that is often overlooked. This paper examined the relationships between multiple forms of abuse—with a focus on economic abuse—and financial strain. Guided by stress process model, this study tested two hypotheses: (1) economic abuse is associated with financial strain more than other types of IPV; and (2) decreased economic abuse relates to financial strain over time. The study sample consists of 229 female IPV survivors who participated in a longitudinal, randomized controlled study evaluating an economic empowerment curriculum. Results from regression models suggest that physical abuse and economic abuse were significantly and positively associated with the magnitude of financial strain. Oaxaca–Blinder decomposition was used to partition the mean differences of financial strain over time that was mainly attributed to the decrease in economic and physical abuse (78%). Particularly, the decrease of economic abuse contributed to over half (58%) of the decrease in financial strain over time. Advocates should assess survivors’ risk of economic abuse, evaluate financial strain, and utilize financial safety planning skills to help survivors build economic security and independence. In addition, policy makers should address issues concerning economic security among female IPV survivors.
... Five studies measured experiencing or perpetrating IPV dichotomously (yes/no items) (Coston, 2017;Finneran & Stephenson, 2014;Friedman et al., 2019;Goldberg & Meyer, 2013;Pittman et al., 2020), and three used standardised scales. Both Taylor and Neppl (2020) and Martin-Storey and Fromme (2021) used the Revised Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS2) (Straus et al., 2016) to measure IPV victimisation and perpetration while Turell et al. (2018) measured IPV victimisation using the Composite Abuse Scale (CAS) (Hegarty et al., 2005) and perpetration using the Abusive Behavior Inventory (ABI) (Shepard & Campbell, 1992). Additionally, four studies measured exclusively past year IPV (Finneran & Stephenson, 2014;Friedman et al., 2019;Pittman et al., 2020;Taylor & Neppl, 2020), and one study measured only lifetime IPV (Coston, 2017). ...
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Bisexual-identifying individuals appear to be at increased risk of experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) compared to people of other sexualities. The purpose of this systematic scoping review was to examine risk and protective factors for the perpetration of IPV against bisexual victims and to provide a preliminary quality assessment of the included studies. A systematic search of academic and grey literature was conducted in February 2021. Inclusion criteria specified that study participants identified as bisexual, that the study examined risk or protective factors for IPV, and that findings were disaggregated by sexual identity. All potentially eligible references were independently screened by two reviewers, and conflicts settled by a third reviewer. Nine articles published between 2013 and 2021 met criteria for inclusion. Data extraction was completed for all included studies, and findings presented in a narrative synthesis. The review identified a number of risk factors, including bisexual identity, internalised homophobia, discrimination, partner gender, negative childhood experiences and non-monogamy. One study included consideration of a potentially protective factor. The majority of the included studies were cross-sectional in design. More longitudinal studies are needed to clarify temporality of the associations identified and better inform support and prevention efforts. Further implications for future research, policies and practise are discussed.
... This is a self-report questionnaire [24], comprised of 30 items that describe a wide range of harmful behavior and reflect patterns of physical abuse (10 items), (e.g. Inflicting violence, forcing sexual activity etc.) and psychological abuse (20 items), (e.g. ...
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Most people do not realize how common the phenomenon of neurodiverse relationships is worldwide. There does not yet exist a broad clinical and public awareness of autistic men in a long-term relationship nor enough information about the well-being of typical women in such relationships. This topic has received very little attention in the literature and in research. The authors of this paper intended to fill this gap and conducted an empirical study exploring the experiences and health condition of women in neurodiverse relationships.
... The frequently used scales are the Conflict Tactics Scale, 14 Women Abuse Screening Tool, 15 Index of Spouse Abuse, 16 and Abusive Behavior Inventory. 17 Many of these scales are too lengthy, lack sensitivity, are primarily developed based on different cultural contexts, and are not appropriate for the Indian context. 18,19 Moreover, the existing scales are unidimensional, assessing either physical or sexual violence and fail to capture multicomponent or multidimensionality of violence prevalent in the different cultural contexts in the society. ...
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Background Intimate partner violence (IPV) is the major public health issue seen in all cultures. Mental health professionals play a significant role in screening IPV and providing needed care and support to the survivors. There is a dearth of scale to measure comprehensively different dimensions of violence. The study aimed to develop a screening tool for measuring IPV among women with mental illness (WwMI) in India. Methods The newly developed IPV scale was administered to 200 WwMI at a tertiary care hospital. Results The factor analysis revealed four factors constituted 67.15% of the variance. The internal consistency Cronbach's α (0.92) and split-half reliability coefficient value (0.80) for the final 31-item IPV scale were found to be highly adequate and reliable. Conclusion Psychometric properties of scale found to be an effective tool for screening IPV among WwMI by mental health professionals and planning effective intervention strategies to prevent the IPV.
... For sexual victimization there are a Sexual Experiences Survey (SES) -Victimization Version; Sexual Victimization of College Women (Belknap et al., 1999;Fisher et al., 2015;Koss et al., 1987;Koss and Gidycz, 1985). Likewise, the abusive behaviour inventory; index of psychological abuse; and multidimensional measure of emotional abuse for measuring psychological and emotional abuse (Murphy et al., 1999;Shepard and Campbell, 1992;Sullivan and Bybee, 1999), etc. However, due to the limitation of the conceptual construct of intimate partner violence as it measures only abuse done by intimate partners. ...
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Purpose Gaslighting a form of abusive manipulation both emotional and psychological is a growing phenomenon in recent times. However, as of yet, there is a scarcity of a valid and reliable instrument which can measure the severity of gaslighting in victims of interpersonal relationships abuse. The purpose of this study is the development of an instrument which can effectively measure gaslighting in victims and is psychometrically reliable and valid. Design/methodology/approach Since the aim of the study was the development of a scale first a sample of eight women who were victims of domestic abuse was taken for the focus group. Afterwards using purposive sampling a sample of 20 women for the pilot study and a sample of 150 women for the main study was taken with age range 18–40 (M = 23.38, S.D = 4.03). For the development of scale theoretical basis along with a focus group was conducted to establish an item pool. Afterwards, subject matter experts helped in establishing contend validity followed by Velicer’s minimum average partial (MAP) method and maximum likelihood factor analysis (FA) was performed for the establishment of the factorial structure of the instrument. Findings Velicer’s MAP method and Maximum Likelihood FA suggested two factor structures including peer disagreement and loss of self-trust. Instrument displayed high alpha reliability of α = 0.934, with α = 0.927 and α = 0.854, for the subscale, respectively. Research limitations/implications Though all necessary steps were taken to minimize the limitations of the present study, however, some limitations do exist which needs to be addressed. The foremost limitation of the present scale is that it is being developed with only a female sample, however, the inclusion of a male sample in future studies can help in identifying whether men also are victims of gaslighting from peers and other family members or not. The second limitation is of validity though necessary validities have been established future studies should study on establishing further validities to further refine the instrument. Additionally, the scale has only been validated and tested on female samples future studies should be conducted on other specific groups or samples to develop norms. Moreover, testing the scale on other cultures could also help in establishing cross cultural validation of the instrument. Finally, though the scale assumes a higher level of scores suggests a higher level of victimization, a proper cutoff score can help in further identifying proper victims from the normal level of gaslighting. Practical implications The present instrument has its applicability in several domains the most important being in the criminal justice system as gaslighting comes under gaslighting and even in the UK is considered as a criminal offense. This instrument can help in determining the severity of gaslighting in victims. Likewise, it can be used in clinical settings for psychologists to identify possible cases of gaslighting victims which can enable them to provide specific help and treatment for them. Moreover, researchers can also benefit from the instrument as it can enable them to explore gaslighting with other possible variables which can help them explore the concept of gaslighting even further. Originality/value This paper is a novel study and has been completed with the purpose of evaluating the effects of gaslighting in victims of interpersonal relationships abuse as the earlier measures are either not psychometrically valid or cannot be generalized to a wider population. The present established scale is an effort to construct an instrument that can be used worldwide.
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