Landowners' Responses to an Endangered Species Act Listing and Implications for Encouraging Conservation

School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States
Conservation Biology (Impact Factor: 4.17). 12/2003; 17(6):1638-1649. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2003.00258.x


Private landowners manage many rare species' habitats, yet research on their responses to species conservation legislation is scarce. To address this need, we examined private landowners' responses to the listing of the Preble's meadow jumping mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei) as threatened under the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA). We mailed a questionnaire designed to measure these responses to a sample of landowners. The adjusted response rate was 46% (n =379). The questionnaire asked landowners whether they had managed their land to improve the Preble's habitat and to minimize the chance of the Preble's living on it. We also asked whether landowners had or would allow a survey for the Preble's on their property. We hypothesized that landowners would respond to these questions based on their aesthetic preferences, economic concerns, information sources, parcel size, personal values, recreation activities, residence status, social influences, and other factors. Listing the Preble's under the ESA does not appear to have enhanced its survival prospects on private land. In terms of hectares owned, for example, the efforts of landowners who reported they had sought to help the Preble's (25%) were canceled out by the efforts of those who sought to harm it (26%). Moreover, the majority of respondents had not or would not allow a biological survey (56%), thus preventing the collection of data for conserving the species. All eight hypothesized determinants significantly predicted responses to the listing when they were considered individually. When considered simultaneously, however, only one economic consideration (dependence on agriculture), recreation activity (consumptive), and social factor (distrusting government), and select information sources (conservation and social), and personal values (valuing nature, valuing local control, and denying landowner responsibility) remained direct determinants. To promote the conservation of rare species by private landowners, we recommend communicating information through social networks, alleviating landowners' economic concerns, increasing use of collaborative processes, and institutionalizing assurances that landowners will not be harmed by managing their land to help rare species.

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Available from: Raymond K De Young, Dec 30, 2013
    • "Although there is concern that the threat of ESA listings may lead landowners to destroy habitat to prevent increased regulation (Bean and Wilcove, 1997), landowner responses to listings have rarely been studied. One study shows that after listing of the Preble's meadow jumping mouse (Zapus hudsonius preblei) in 1998, landowners were split about their willingness to manage for conservation and were less likely to allow monitoring (Brook et al., 2003). Our study expands prior analyses to explore how a listing decision may impact land and water sales, as well as conservation actions. "
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    • "This approach has proven effective at increasing adoption of new conservation behaviors (Muth and Hendee, 1980; Finley and Jacobson, 2001; Allred et al., 2011). New landowners in particular may favor conservation information delivered through peers and personal networks rather than from professionals (West et al., 1988; Jacobson, 2002; Brook et al., 2003; Kendra and Hull, 2005; Rickenbach et al., 2005; Gootee et al., 2010). "
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