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THINK TANK TRADITIONS: POLICY RESEARCH AND THE POLITICS OF IDEAS - Edited by Diane Stone and Andrew Denham

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The relationships between think tanks and their funders are central to theory and public discourse about the politics of policy knowledge, yet very little research systematically examines these relationships across cases. This article evaluates elite, pluralist, and field theories by analyzing original data on funding and politics for 30 think tanks from 2000 to 2011 with comparative and relational methods. I find that foreign donations help support some conservative think tanks, but that it is a small amount of money relative to other funding sources. Domestically, think tank funding is structured by an opposition between donor-funded conservatives and state-funded centrists. Since 2005, the cluster of conservative think tanks funded by private donors has become tighter, while the cluster of think tanks supported by the state has become looser and more reliant on self-generated revenue and interest and investments. These findings cast doubt on predictions derived from elite and pluralist theories, and offer some support for field theory.
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Full-text available
Desde 1980 se han desarrollado estrategias y programas de Asuntos Externos en modo que son ya formas convencionales de comunicación corporativa e institucional. Los más problemáticos y conflictivos de estos programas de Asuntos Externos son los de Relaciones con los Gobiernos, que aquí se analizan. Nos encontramos hoy con cuatro situaciones que se corresponden a las relaciones con: Gobiernos Patronos/Propietarios, Gobiernos Vendedores, Gobiernos Socios y Gobiernos Competidores.Esta última fórmula es hoy la dominante: sobre un único objetivo final que es el ciudadano, el que consume, vive, piensa o vota recaen todas las estrategias de quienes ofrecen marcas y productos diversos, ideas, actitudes y programas políticos. Sobre la definición de la agenda (sobre lo que deben percibir), sobre opciones y actitudes (lo que deben hacer), sobre la orientación del comportamiento (cómo debe actuar) y todo ello para llegar a determinar la decisión y la opción de compra y voto. Gobiernos y políticos compiten con agentes de consumo, ideológicos o de estilos de vida. Los gobernantes son competidores de todos los demás agentes sociales. Se analizan aquí los ámbitos en los que esta competencia político gubernamental intenta ser dominante: en la intromisión sobre el poder judicial, en la compra de expertise e inteligencia y en la presencia y control de los medios.
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