An Early Information Society: News and the Media in Eighteenth-Century Paris
Available from: Gilles Bastin
- "Je me suis pour ma part intéressé aux effets de cette polémique sur les contenus médiatiques eux-mêmes (Bastin 2007). 23 Nombreux sont les exemples qui illustrent, comme dans ce que l'on vient de montrer, l'importance de la territorialisation des flux d'information dans des mondes situés et de leur inscription dans une logique de ce que l'historien R. Darnton a appelé à propos du Palais Royal et de son arbre de Cracovie à la fin de l'Ancien Régime, une logique de « sites et de milieux » (Darnton 2000). Les exemples fameux de Fleet Street ou du Zeitungsviertel près de la Kochstrasse à Berlin pourraient aussi servir à illustrer ce point de vue. "
Available from: Virginia Sapiro
- "The government did not permit them .... To find out what was really going on, you went to the tree of Cracow. It was a large, leafy chestnut tree, which stood at the heart of Paris in the gardens of the Palais-Royal (Darnton 2000, par. 4-5). "
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ABSTRACT: Early in 1957, Bernice Robinson walked into a renovated room of an old schoolhouse on Johns Island, South Carolina, an impoverished corner of the state in which 67% of the residents were African American, and perhaps one-tenth of those were literate. The common language of Johns Island was Gullah, a creole language that grew in isolation from roots in 17th- and 18th century versions of various west African languages and English. Robinson, an African American woman from that region, had only a high school education when she faced her class of 10 women and 4 men enrolled in this first session of the Citizenship School. The program was sponsored by the politically radical Highlander School, an institution that had been active in the labor movement since the 1930s. The new voter education program was part of the growing civil rights movement. It was designed to prepare black citizens to leap over the literacy test hurdle installed by Southern states specifically for the purpose of barring African Americans from voting.
Available from: prc.gov
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