Aromatherapy for elder care

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Sundowning, spritzers, Epsom salts and fragrant washcloths all feature in this tour deforce of aromatherapeutic care for an older population which is increasing in numbers daily.

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... It is known that applying aromatic oil (2-3 drops of selected essential oil containing oil) or lotion locally to the abdomen has an effect on bowel evacuation. In studies, fats have been found to increase bowel movements, the frequency of defecation, the amount of stool, to decrease colon spasm during colonoscopy, the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, the severity of constipation, strain during defecation, and to provide a feeling of complete discharge after defecation (38)(39)(40)(41)(42)(43)(44)(45)(46). ...
... Kyle stated that castor oil compress applied to the abdominal area of elderly women with constipation increased bowel movements (41). ...
... Dışkılama sonrası rahatlamanın nedeni, kullanılan yağ karışımının kan dolaşımını kolaylaştırma, kas spazmını çözme, otonom sinir sistemini baskılama veya uyarma, bağ dokusunu yumuşatma, bağırsak hareketlerini arttırma, eliminasyona yardımcı olma, dokulara ve cilt altındaki organlara iyileştirici etki gösterme, gastrointestinal bozuklukları iyileştirme ve düzensiz bağırsak sendromlarını iyileştirebilme gibi özelliklerinden kaynaklandığı, ayrıca uygulamadan duydukları memnuniyeti dile getirerek çalışmanın devam ettirilmesi konusunda oldukça ısrarlı davranan hastalarda hiç bir yan etki görülmediği göz önüne alındığında, yaşlılarda güvenli bir şekilde kullanılabileceği düşünülmektedir. 43,44 Guillian Barreli, konstipasyonu olan bir hastada, aromaterapi uygulaması için Citrus limon, Lavandula angustifolia, Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce, Citrus paradisi, Piper nigrum ve Mentha x piperita uçucu yağları kullanılmıştır. ...
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Essential oil is a dense essence and a mixture of terpenoid and non-terpenoid hydrocarbon substances produced by plants, animals, and microorganisms. Essential oils are used in skin diseases, insomnia, stress, headache, dyspeptic complaints, bacterial, viral, and fungal infections, the treatment of cancer, and for increasing concentration during the learning process. Besides their antibacterial, antifungal, anticholinergic, and antioxidant effects, many scientific studies have recently studied their effects on the nervous system, urinary system infections, immune system, digestive system, and respiratory system. Aromatherapy aims to achieve emotional, physical, and spiritual balance by using the essential oils therapeutically. The safe and scientific-based administration of the aromatherapy methods by the healthcare professionals in a clinic would ensure that the individuals, who are increasingly interested in complementary therapies in modern society, could produce customized solutions and activate the self-healing power of their bodies, and that the human beings, whose essence is the nature, could surrender themselves as a whole together with their body, soul and mind, to the essential resource bearing the secrets of nature. In this part, diseases of the digestive system, which have a high prevalence in the population and negatively affect the health of individuals and their quality of life, will be presented along with the essential oils used and relevant studies.
... There are reports that the application of castor oil packs to the abdomen increased intestinal activity in elderly women with constipation. 8,24,25 Castor oil packs are used in the treatment of constipation in some hospitals in the USA, 26,27 and they are sold in kit form. 28e30 In spite of the popularity of castor oil pack treatment, no research was found on the use of this method in the treatment of constipation in the elderly. ...
This research, conducted at two rest homes in Manisa, Turkey, was undertaken to examine the effect of castor oil pack (COP) administrations on constipation in the elderly. Study participants were monitored for 7 days before, 3 days during, and 4 days after COP administration utilizing the Recall Bias and Visual Scale Analog (RB-VSAQ) as well as the Standard Diary developed by Pamuk et al. Wilcoxon Signed Ranks, Repeated Measures, Bonferroni, and Mann-Whitney U tests were used for data analysis. Eighty percent of study subjects had been constipated for 10 years or longer. COP administration did not have an effect on the number of bowel movements or amount of feces, but decreased the feces consistency score, straining during defecation and feeling of complete evacuation after a bowel movement, thus decreasing symptoms of constipation. We conclude that COP may be used for controlling symptoms of constipation.
Aromatherapy is one of the main complementary therapies to be practiced by nurses and other health care professionals in hospital, hospice, and community settings. Written by a nurse, this clinical text highlights how aromatherapy can enhance care and the role health care professionals play in its practice. It examines key facts and issues in aromatherapy practice, and applies these within a variety of contexts and conditions, taking a carefully holistic approach in dealing with the patient.
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All 66 isolates of Staphylococcus aureus tested were susceptible to the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia, or tea tree oil, in disc diffusion and modified broth microdilution methods. Of the isolates tested, 64 were methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and 33 were mupirocin-resistant. The MIC and MBC for 60 Australian isolates were 0·25% and 0·50%, respectively. Comparable results were obtained by co-workers in Britain using similar methods. These in-vitro results suggest tea tree oil may be useful in the treatment of MRSA carriage.
Aromatherapy and massage have gained wide popularity among nurses in clinical practice in recent years. Many nurses in palliative care settings are using these therapies with the assumption that they improve patients' quality of life, but no research has yet investigated their effectiveness. A study was set up to assess the effects of massage and aromatherapy massage on cancer patients receiving palliative care. Patients received three full body massages over a 3-week period, with or without the essential oil Roman Chamomile. The measurements used were the Rotterdam Symptom Checklist (RSCL) and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Post-test scores for all patients improved. These were statistically significant in the aromatherapy group on the RSCL physical symptom subscale, quality of life subscale and state anxiety scale. Responses to the post-therapy questionnaire indicate that patients consider the massage or aromatherapy to be beneficial in reducing anxiety, tension, pain and depression.
Steam distilled volatile oil from marjoram (Origanum majorana L.) was evaluated for its antibacterial and antifungal activities. A range of 25 bacterial and five fungal species was used in this study, and included animal and plant pathogens, food poisoning bacteria and mycotoxigenic fungi. The oil exerted considerable inhibitory powers against several of the bacteria, with the food-poisoning bacterium Staphylococcus aureus being least affected. The most susceptible organisms were Beneckea natriegens, Erwinia carotovora and Moraxella sp. Of the fungi tested, Aspergillus niger proved the most susceptible to marjoram oil.
The above cases have been chosen because of their relative simplicity by way of a demonstration. Frequently patients have complex problems that need complex therapeutic answers. If nutrition and diet are neglected results will be disappointing. Aromatic medicine is incomparable as a treatment when it is practised within a naturopathic framework. Purist naturopaths may disapprove of such medicine but practising Natural Medicine does not mean that you sit back and wait. Many situations arise where all the available help is needed to restore a patients health. In the real world there are bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites ready to cause problems, especially in patients whose health is compromised. Phyto-aromatherapy can help the patient in a very real way. Modern life poses many threats in the form of toxic overload, bacterial and viral mutagens and psychological stress. This does not mean to imply that essential oils can be used to “whack the bugs” not at all. We need all the beneficial aid we can muster.The external use of essential oils in the classical aromatherapy way can be of tremendous value. When the nervous system is strengthened it has positive effects on the immune function. There are so many ways that aromatic oils can be incorporated into a vitalistic therapy plan.It is our wish to complement the excellent work being achieved in aromatherapy today in the UK, with growth within the medical side. The way forward is by research and clinical experience. It is worth remembering that France was using essential oils for the benefit of patients twenty years ago. British doctors and phytotherapists have a treasure chest awaiting them if they care to look inside.