Pavot W, Diener E. The Satisfaction With Life Scale and the emerging construct of life satisfaction

The Journal of Positive Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.67). 04/2008; 3(2):137-152. DOI: 10.1080/17439760701756946


Since its introduction in 1985, the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS; Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 198569.

Larsen , RJ ,
Diener , E and
Emmons , RA . 1985. An evaluation of subjective well-being measures. Social Indicators Research, 17: 1–18. [CrossRef], [Web of Science ®], [CSA]View all references) has been heavily used as a measure of the life satisfaction component of subjective well-being. Scores on the SWLS have been shown to correlate with measures of mental health and to be predictive of future behaviors such as suicide attempts. In the area of health psychology, the SWLS has been used to examine the subjective quality of life of people experiencing serious health concerns. At a theoretical level, extensive research conducted since the last review (Pavot & Diener, 199389.

Pavot , W and
Diener , E . 1993. Review of the Satisfaction With Life Scale. Psychological Assessment, 5: 164–172. [CrossRef]View all references) has more clearly articulated the nature of life satisfaction judgments, and the multiple forces that can exert an influence on such judgments. In this review, we examine the evolving views of life satisfaction, offer updated psychometric data for the SWLS, and discuss future issues in the assessment of life satisfaction.

406 Reads
  • Source
    • "The search for what makes people satisfied is an ongoing one. On the whole, if the midpoint of measures such as the Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener et al. 1985) were to be taken as representing the line between satisfied and unsatisfied, then the majority of nonclinical , physically healthy people appear to be at least slightly satisfied (Pavot and Diener 2008). While income in the form of the gross domestic product (GDP) does appear to be associated with life satisfaction in the short term (Deaton 2008) in the longer term the relationship does not hold for either rich, developing or countries transitioning from socialism to capitalism (Easterlin 2013). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Low consumption lifestyles have the potential to impact positively on the environment and mental health. Past research indicates that individuals who engage in a low consumption lifestyle known as voluntary simplicity have higher levels of life satisfaction. This investigation aimed to test the role of psychological needs as proposed by Ryan and Deci’s (Am Psychol 55(1):68–78, 2000. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.55.1.68) selfdetermination theory, in the relationship between voluntary simplicity and life satisfaction in a sample of 571 adults who may or may not identify as voluntary simplifiers. Self-report data was analysed using structural equation modeling to test a hypothesised path from simplifying behaviours to life satisfaction via gratification of the three proposed psychological needs. Consistent with previous research, simplifying behaviours were associated with increased life satisfaction. The proposed pathway: simplicity—psychological need gratification—life satisfaction was supported in the empirical test of the structural equation model suggesting psychological need satisfaction plays a mediating role in the increased life satisfaction of voluntary simplifiers.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Happiness Studies
  • Source
    • "La mayoría de las investigaciones en el terreno de la satisfacción han recabado datos transversalmente y han establecido las correlaciones entre ellos. Dentro de la psicología positiva, es decir, la investigación científica del bienestar y de las cualidades más positivas del ser humano, la satisfacción vital es uno de los indicadores más utilizados para examinar el componente cognitivo del bienestar subjetivo (Pavot y Diener, 2008). Algunos estudios demuestran que altos niveles de IEP se asocian en los docentes con mayores niveles de satisfacción con sus vidas (Augusto-Landa, López-Zafra, Martínez y Pulido, 2006; Rey y Extremera, 2011), con aumento del control emocional, autoestima y satisfacción con la vida (Gutiérrez y Romero, 2014) y con mayores niveles de satisfacción laboral (Kafetsios y Zampetakis, 2008; Pena, Rey y Extremera, 2012), subrayándose el vínculo existente entre una buena capacidad para comprender y manejar las emociones en diferentes facetas de su vida y la satisfacción con ella. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study explores the relationship between perceived emotional intelligence, dispositional optimism-pessimism, life satisfaction and teachers’ personality in their initial training, as well as to which extent these variables predict teachers´ satisfaction. A sample of 355 students from the university of Jaen (Spain) completed the Spanish version of the TMMS-24, LOT-R, SWLS and NEO-FFI scale. In terms of gender there are significant differences in optimism and pessimism, and in the kindness factor. In terms of age there are differences in pessimism, life satisfaction and some personality factors such as neuroticism and responsibility. The findings suggest that future teachers who have high levels of responsibility, optimism and extraversion would feel more life satisfaction. The variables considered in the regression analysis to predict life satisfaction explained 49.2% of the variance.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · Revista de Investigacion Educativa
    • "incomes, career advancement and developing new skills) (Greenhaus, Parasuraman, & Wormley, 1990). Life dissatisfaction is defined as a person's general judgment of his or her life as a whole (Pavot & Diener, 2008). Further, studies (e.g.Lounsbury, Park, Sundstrom, Williamson, & Pemberton, 2004) suggest a positive relationship between career dissatisfaction and life dissatisfaction. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study investigates the reasons why returnees in an emerging economy, Vietnam, who have studied and/or worked abroad, and who have returned to their home country, intend to re-expatriate on their own initiative. We combine pull–push theory with the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) to explain the re-expatriation intentions of returnees. Using path analysis on a sample of 290 Vietnamese returnees, we find three pull–push factors associated with home and host countries that have a significant impact on returnees’ intention to re-expatriate: (1) dissatisfaction with career and life in their home country, (2) reverse culture shock and (3) expected career, family and quality-of-life outcomes from re-expatriation. For the TPB, we find that attitudes toward re-expatriation and subjective norms affect returnees’ intention to re-expatriate. Further, these factors either fully or partially mediate the role of pull–push factors on intention to re-expatriate. The study adds to the limited number of empirical studies on self-initiated re-expatriation and brain circulation of returnees in emerging economies.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · The International Journal of Human Resource Management
Show more