Article

Le rôle de la mémoire de travail dans la production écrite de textes

Psychologie Française (Impact Factor: 0.3). 09/2005; 50(3):373-390. DOI: 10.1016/j.psfr.2005.05.002

ABSTRACT

Integration of capacity (Just and Carpenter, 1992) and componentiel (Baddeley, 1986) conceptions of working memory in models of text composition (Hayes, 1996 ; Kellogg, 1996 ; McCutchen, 1996) has allowed studying several facets of the role of working memory in writing acquisition and in expert management of the writing processes. This article presents these two conceptions and examines their respective contribution in the field of writing research from two perspectives: The demands of the writing processes (in terms of processing and transient storage) and the influence of working memory capacity on the control of production. The conclusion underlines the importance of investigating the on-line management of text production, the role of the visuo-spatial sketchpad, and to link strategies for allocating the working memory resources with text quality.

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    • "In this approach, expert performances are examined, often through observations and thinkaloud protocols, to identify the use of cognitive algorithms for solving problems or executing complex performance. The expert paradigm has been used in literacy to examine writing (Best, 1996; Crammond, 1998; Flowerdew, 2003; Hayes & Flower, 1986; Longo, 1994; Oatley & Djikic, 2008; Olive & Piolat, 2005; Ravid, & Zilberbuch, 2003; Roussey & Piolat, 2005; Stolarek, 1994), reading comprehension (Afflerbach, 1986; Garner, 1982; Gaultney, 1995; Graves, 2001; Johnston & Afflerbach, 1985), and computer reading and information use (Britt & Aglinskas, 2002; Salmeron, Canas, & Fajardo, 2005; Wen & Shih, 2008). "
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