Multiple Female Reproductive Failures in Cyclooxygenase 2–Deficient Mice
Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City 66160, USA.Cell (Impact Factor: 32.24). 10/1997; 91(2):197-208. DOI: 10.1016/S0092-8674(00)80402-X
Cyclooxygenase (COX) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the synthesis of prostaglandins (PGs) and exists in two isoforms, COX-1 and COX-2. In spite of long-standing speculation, definitive roles of PGs in various events of early pregnancy remain elusive. We demonstrate herein that the targeted disruption of COX-2, but not COX-1, in mice produces multiple failures in female reproductive processes that include ovulation, fertilization, implantation, and decidualization. Using multiple approaches, we conclude that these defects are the direct result of target organ–specific COX-2 deficiency but are not the result of deficiency of pituitary gonadotropins or ovarian steroid hormones, or reduced responsiveness of the target organs to their respective hormones.