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Available from: Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro, Mar 04, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Autoimmunity and dysautonomia are established features of Chagas disease (ChD) that could be related to its pathogenesis. Our objective was to assess heart rate variability (HRV) and levels of anti-M2 receptors autoantibodies in ChD patients with and without left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, in order to establish if these abnormalities occur early and concomitantly in the course of the illness. ChD patients (n=75) and healthy controls (n=14) underwent a standardized protocol including Doppler echocardiogram, Holter monitoring, HRV analysis, and measurement of anti-M2 receptors autoantibodies (ELISA). ChD patients were divided accordingly by the absence (group 1, n=45) or presence (group 2, n=30) of LV dysfunction, defined as reduced LV ejection fraction (<55%) or regional wall motion abnormalities (including ventricular aneurysm). Both ChD groups displayed increased optical density values of anti-M2 cholinergic autoantibodies (Median (IQR): control=1.98(0.51); ChD 1=2.76(0.97); ChD 2=2.72(1.34), p<.001) and reduced HF power of spectral analysis of HRV when compared to controls (Median (IQR) in ms2: control=1087(2284); ChD 1=286(763); ChD 2=285(763), p<.001). M2 levels were significantly correlated with HF power values (r=-0.32, p=0.023), but not with LV ejection fraction. Anti-muscarinic autoantibodies and abnormal vagal modulation occur early in ChD patients, independently of the presence of LV dysfunction. Levels of antibodies against M2 muscarinic receptors were significantly and negatively correlated with HRV index HF power, suggesting an inhibitory effect of autoantibodies in vagal function.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2007 · International journal of cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, infects nearly 18 million people in Latin America and mainly affects the heart, causing heart failure, arrhythmias, heart block, thromboembolism, stroke and death. In this review, the clinical diagnosis and management of Chagas cardiomyopathy are discussed. Particular emphasis is placed on the clinical staging of patients and the use of various diagnostic tests that may be useful in individualizing treatment of the two most relevant clinical syndromes, that is, heart failure and arrhythmias. The relevance of specific treatments are discussed, stressing the important role of parasite persistence in disease pathogenesis. We also discuss new therapy modalities that may have a role in the treatment of Chagas cardiomyopathy.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2007 · Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Non-invasive cardiological methods have been used for the identification of myocardial damage in Chagas disease.OBJECTIVE: To verify whether the rest/stress myocardial perfusion scintigraphy is able to identify early myocardial damage in the indeterminate form of Chagas disease.METHODS: Eighteen patients with the indeterminate form of Chagas Disease and the same number of normal controls, paired by sex and age, underwent rest/stress myocardial scintigraphy using sestamibi-99mTc, aiming at detecting early cardiac damage.RESULTS: The results did not show perfusion or ventricular function defects in patients at the indeterminate phase of Chagas disease and in the normal controls, except for a patient who presented signs of ventricular dysfunction in the myocardial perfusion scintigraphy with electrocardiographic gating.CONCLUSION: The results of this study, considering the small sample size, showed that the rest/stress myocardial scintigraphy using sestamibi-99mTc is not an effective method to detect early myocardial alterations in the indeterminate form of Chagas disease.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2010 · Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
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