The purpose of this paper is to discuss the relationship between Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) and governance. The paper discusses its implications for developing and emerging countries, in particular in the Mediterranean region. In defining the organisational and institutional dimensions underpinning ICT-enabled governance, the paper positions e-government activities within the broader framework of e-governance, as a learning type of dynamics. Finally, the paper presents selected results from field cases of the application of the e-government for Mediterranean Countries (MCs) (eG4M) methodology. The results are used as the main tools for defining issues to be considered for developing e-governance guidelines.