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Aspects of Warlpiri Morphology and Syntax

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http://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/15468
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... An increasing variety and complexity of inputs from family, teachers, youth workers, mass media and digital technologies shape their receptive and productive opportunities ( Warlpiri is a Yapa language of the Pama-Nyungan family (Laughren et al. 1996; O'Shannessy 2020b) and has been relatively well documented (see David Nash (2021) website for a comprehensive list of resources on Warlpiri language). The 1970s saw increased interest in the description of grammar and morphosyntax (Hale et al. 1995;Nash 1983Nash , 1986Simpson 1983Simpson , 1991Swartz 1985) resulting in the first typological sketch of Warlpiri grammar (Hale 1976), paving the way for community literacy workshops (Hale 1974) and production of Warlpiri dictionaries, the largest of any Australian Aboriginal language (Laughren and Nash 1983). Several major dialects of Warlpiri have been documented and variance across the four communities has been identified in terms of pronunciation and vocabulary, usually influenced by neighbouring languages (Laughren et al. 1996). ...
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Warlpiri communities in Australia’s Northern Territory (NT) have long advocated for the inclusion of Warlpiri language, values and knowledge in their government-run schools. After the first bilingual programs were established in the NT in the 1970s, educators and community members from four Warlpiri communities formed a professional network known as the Warlpiri Triangle, a platform for meetings and professional development focusing on teaching and learning in and of Warlpiri language in schools. On these platforms, educators have consistently articulated the goal of the Warlpiri programs as maintenance of Warlpiri pirrjirdi, ‘strong Warlpiri language’. In this paper we seek to explore the development, refinement and consolidation of a consensual ideology around teaching and learning of and in Warlpiri pirrjirdi, ‘strong Warlpiri language’ that has informed Warlpiri language-in-education management. We analyse interviews with five Warlpiri educators at Yuendumu school in 2018/9 and a body of grey literature from four decades of Warlpiri educator professional development activities that has been less widely acknowledged and visible in local education policy discourse. We draw on the theoretical concept of communities of practice to understand the ways in which Warlpiri educators negotiate ideological and implementational spaces for inclusion of Warlpiri language teaching in the context of an ambivalent language-in-education policy environment. The results of this study exemplify the reiteration and reproduction of language-in-education goals through a community of practice in a sustained arena of action, the Warlpiri Triangle. The findings render more visible the vital efforts of Warlpiri educators and their professional networks in shaping language-in-education policy and practice to realise community aspirations of Warlpiri language maintenance in the school context.
... For discussion of their relation to the main event and other properties of secondary predicates, see Halliday (1967); Rapoport (1993) ;Himmelmann & Schultze-Berndt (2005); Simpson (1983;; and Motut (2014), for example. ...
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Arabic dialects in general do not allow resultatives. We present here novel data from a dialect of Levantine Arabic, Northern Galilee Arabic, which show that Arabic does have a subtype of resultatives: false resultatives (Rapoport 1999; Mateu 2000; Zarka 2019). The false resultative predicates in this dialect of Arabic exhibit two different agreement patterns. We claim that the difference in agreement derives from the element modified, as dictated by the distinct structures projected by two different verb types that are distinguished here: explicit creation and implicit creation (Geuder 2000; Levinson 2010). The agreement patterns in Northern Galilee Arabic thus demonstrate a grammatical parallel to the conceptual distinction between two creation verb types.
... An increasing variety and complexity of inputs from family, teachers, youth workers, mass media and digital technologies shape their receptive and productive opportunities ( Warlpiri is a Yapa language of the Pama-Nyungan family (Laughren et al. 1996; O'Shannessy 2020b) and has been relatively well documented (see David Nash (2021) website for a comprehensive list of resources on Warlpiri language). The 1970s saw increased interest in the description of grammar and morphosyntax (Hale et al. 1995;Nash 1983Nash , 1986Simpson 1983Simpson , 1991Swartz 1985) resulting in the first typological sketch of Warlpiri grammar (Hale 1976), paving the way for community literacy workshops (Hale 1974) and production of Warlpiri dictionaries, the largest of any Australian Aboriginal language (Laughren and Nash 1983). Several major dialects of Warlpiri have been documented and variance across the four communities has been identified in terms of pronunciation and vocabulary, usually influenced by neighbouring languages (Laughren et al. 1996). ...
Book
La Méthode de grec moderne, maintenant accessible en un seul volume, n'est pas un recueil de formules destinées à l'assimilation passive. On y tient toujours compte de la langue maternelle de l'apprenant en soulignant les différences du grec vers le français. Les questions grammaticales qu'un francophone se pose nécessairement ne sont pas éludées. Elles sont expliquées de la façon la plus simple et illustrées par des dialogues et des exercices. L'étudiant apprend à s'orienter dans le système des cas, à choisir entre les aspects verbaux et à accentuer convenablement les formes nominales et verbales. Il acquiert ainsi une connaissance raisonnée de la langue.
Thesis
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This thesis is a descriptive analysis of the grammar of Warlmanpa (ISO-639 identifier: wrl), an endangered language (presently) spoken in and around Tennant Creek (Northern Territory, Australia). Warlmanpa is a member of the Ngumpin-Yapa subgroup of the Pama-Nyungan language family. The domains of grammar analysed are phonetics & phonology (Chapter 2), word classes (Chapter 3), nominals (Chapter 4), inflecting verbs & coverbs (Chapter 5), syntax (Chapters 8 and 9), the complex agreement system referred to as ‘the auxiliary complex’ (Chapter 6), and particles, interjections and clitics (Chapter 7).
Chapter
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In this chapter, we focus on investigating the degree to which ‘apprehension’ has been grammaticalised in Ngumpin-Yapa languages, a subgroup of the Pama-Nyungan language family. We begin by first surveying apprehension cross-linguistically within Australia (§1.1) and present a grammatical overview of Ngumpin-Yapa languages (§1.2), leading into a systematic account of apprehensional constructions in these languages. We discuss the various functions of the aversive case (relational, subordinating, and ‘insubordinate’ functions, §2.1); the marking of complements of fear (§2.2); as well the encoding of apprehension by a predicational morpheme known as the ‘auxiliary’ (§2.3). Finally, we consider what are the range of functions apprehensionals tend to serve in discourse, divided into directives and assertions (§3).
Book
Cambridge Core - Grammar and Syntax - Lexical-Functional Grammar - by Kersti Börjars
Thesis
Cette thèse propose une étude des différentes stratégies mises en place pour former des propositions subordonnées dans les langues australiennes et papoues. Ces deux groupes de langues, rarement présents dans les études typologiques sur le sujet, présentent certaines constructions morphosyntaxiques peu fréquentes dans les langues du monde. Cette étude se base sur une dizaine de langues : quatre langues australiennes (le nyangumarta, le martuthunira, le wambaya et le kayardild) et six langues papoues (le maybrat, le yimas, le manambu, le mian, l'amele et le hua). Après une brève présentation grammaticale de ces langues, la thèse analyse six types de stratégies de subordination pour en déterminer les fonctions et les types d'emploi : la subordination sans marque, avec une conjonction, avec le marquage casuel, avec une forme verbale spécifique, avec un système de "switch-reference" et par la relativisation. Un dernier chapitre s'intéresse au cas particulier de la complémentation des verbes de perception. Cette thèse a pour but d'illustrer le fonctionnement de ces langues dans le domaine de la subordination, mais également, dans une dimension typologique, de montrer comment ces langues peuvent aider à repenser les théories linguistiques générales.
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The paper presents a cross-linguistic investigation into specific characteristics of the expressions translated as ‘other’. We discuss the appearance of ‘other’ expressions at a periphery of nominal phrases or before nouns in right-branching languages, their occasional incompatibility with determiners and certain peculiarities in the expression of number. The features discussed suggest that ‘other’ expressions are in many respects similar to determiners, even though they should not necessarily be treated as such.
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