Birth Weight, Domestic Violence, Coping, Social Support, and Mental Health of Young Iranian Mothers in Tehran
*Department of Social Work, Umeå University, Umeå, SwedenThe Journal of nervous and mental disease (Impact Factor: 1.69). 07/2013; 201(7):602-8. DOI: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e3182982b1d
The aim of this study was to investigate associations of birth weight with sociodemographic variables, domestic violence, ways of coping, social support, and general mental health of Iranian mothers. Six hundred mothers aged 15 to 29 years participated between June 2009 and November 2010. t-Test, analysis of variance, Spearman's correlation, and multiple regression were used. The results showed that there was no significant association between birth weight and general mental health of the mothers. Prenatal care visits, the mothers' history of having children with low birth weight (LBW), and weight gain during pregnancy were significantly associated with birth weight. The women who reported physical abuse during pregnancy had infants with lower birth weight. Satisfaction with social support and use of positive reappraisal were significantly associated with higher birth weight. In conclusion, a high quality of prenatal care and screening of pregnant women are recommended. Social environments good enough during pregnancy have protective effects against LBW.
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ABSTRACT: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is classified into physical, sexual, emotional, and psychological types. The aim of this study is to determine the complications of IPV in Iran. A case control study was done on women referred to the forensic medicine center with a complaint of IPV as cases, and women referred to the urban health centers for routine care as control group. The most common physical complication was hematoma in 99 and 33 % of cases and controls respectively. Among chronic complaints, headache was the most frequent among 64 and 19 % of case and control groups respectively. Depression and anxiety were the most common mental complications. The effects of IPV are serious problems and should be considered in counseling.
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ABSTRACT: Intimate partner physical violence against women (VAW) during pregnancy is a common experience all over the world. In Jordan, the number is double the reported international average. Data on effect of violence on birth outcomes are important for planning, implementing, and evaluating maternal health programs. The research question was, " Does intimate partner physical VAW during pregnancy increase the risk of negative birth outcomes for newborns among birthing women in Jordan? " Natural experiment design was used for this study. A consecutive sampling technique was used for selecting the victims of physical violence (n = 79) and a simple random sampling for selecting non-victims (n = 79). Intimate partner physical violence was measured by using the Arabic version of World Health Organization's (WHO) domestic violence questionnaire, which has an accepted interrater validity. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) and chi-square were used to detect the differences in birth outcomes between the victims and non-victims of physical violence. The results showed that there is a significant difference in newborn's birth weight between the victims of violence and
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