Use of the revised Posttraumatic Growth Inventory for Children (PTGI-C-R)

Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC 28223-0001, USA.
Journal of Traumatic Stress (Impact Factor: 2.72). 06/2009; 22(3):248-53. DOI: 10.1002/jts.20410
Source: PubMed


Posttraumatic growth (PTG; positive change resulting from the struggle with trauma) was examined among children impacted by Hurricane Katrina. The revised Posttraumatic Growth Inventory for Children (PTGI-C-R) assessed PTG at two time points, 12 (T1) and 22 months (T2) posthurricane. The PTGI-C-R demonstrated good reliability. Analyses focused on trauma-related variables in predicting PTG. Child-reported subjective responses to the hurricane and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) correlated with PTG at T1; however, in the regression, only PTSS significantly explained variance in PTG. At follow-up, T1 PTG was the only significant predictor of PTG. Findings suggest that the PTGI-C-R may assist efforts to understand children's responses posttrauma.

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Available from: Ryan P Kilmer
    • "Unlike a meta-analytic study mostly targeting adults (Vishnevsky et al., 2010), gender differences in PTG were not observed. However, some PTG studies with youth have revealed no gender differences (Cryder, Kilmer, Tedeschi, & Calhoun, 2006; Kilmer et al., 2009); thus, they may emerge as people are getting older. The current study indicated that males were more likely to rate the PTGI items they experienced as personally important. "
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    ABSTRACT: Research on posttraumatic growth (PTG), positive psychological changes that may occur as a result of highly stressful life events, reveals adolescents are able to experience PTG. The current study tests individual differences among adolescents in relative importance of PTG and examines the relationships among personally important PTG, commonly defined PTG, and self-esteem. Adolescents (N = 145) with the mean age of 15.75 (SD = 1.13) completed the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and PTG Inventory, and then reported which items on the PTG Inventory were personally important to them. Results indicated within-scale differences in item importance on the PTG Inventory. Personally important PTG was a better predictor of adolescent self-esteem than commonly defined PTG, measured as total PTGI score or each of the five factors. These findings suggest future research should look at both short-term and long-term effects of personally important PTG as well as commonly defined PTG. Copyright © 2015 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of Adolescence
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    • "Pozytywne zmiany potraumatyczne są także obserwowane u dzieci i młodzieży [7] [8] [9], choć dotychczas niewiele badań przeprowadzono w tej grupie wiekowej. Wśród nastolatków przejawiają się one przede wszystkim zwiększeniem odporności psychicznej i emocjonalnej dojrzałości, wzrostem współczucia i empatii dla innych, głębszym rozumieniem osobistych wartości, celu i sensu życia, większym docenianiem życia czy lepszymi relacjami z innymi [10] [11]. "
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to examine the mediating role of resiliency in the relationship between locus of control and personal growth in a youth group.
    Full-text · Article · May 2015 · Postepy Psychiatrii i Neurologii
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    • "Psychiatric disorders other than PTSD were assessed using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children (Kiddie-SADS; Kaufman et al., 1997), a semistructured interview with good to excellent test-retest reliability (κ coefficients of .63–1.00). The total scores on the Revised Posttraumatic Growth Inventory for Children (PTGI-C-R; Kilmer et al., 2009) were used to quantify PTG at T2. Ten items that reflect changes in five PTG domains were rated on a 4-point scale (ranging from 0 = no change to 3 = a lot of change). "
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    ABSTRACT: Although traumatic experiences are associated with an increased risk of developing psychiatric disorders, little is known regarding the long-term outcomes of traumatised adolescents. In the current study, 42 traumatised adolescents who had been referred to a specialised health service were reassessed 2 to 5 years after the traumatic event. The course of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other psychiatric symptoms, the development of posttraumatic growth (PTG), and parental PTSD were analysed. The rate of PTSD (full and partial) declined from 59.5% to 11.9% between the first assessment and the follow-up. On average, low levels of PTG were reported by the adolescents at follow-up. Sexual abuse was associated with most severe PTSD symptoms at initial assessment (η2 = .18) and the highest PTG (η2 = .12). Adolescents with psychotherapeutic support showed the largest symptom reduction (η2 = .15). Adolescent PTSD at follow-up was shown to be correlated with both PTG (r = .34) and parental PTSD (r = .58). The results highlight the need for psychotherapeutic support for traumatised adolescents and their parents to prevent long-term psychological impairment. The development of PTG should be considered in the aftermath of trauma and its relevance for posttraumatic recovery should be addressed in future studies.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · Journal of Traumatic Stress
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